- Education and Science»
THE PARADOX OF COMPOSITION
Matter, as we know it is that which has mass and occupies space. This page, the houses, trees, the earth-are all matter. By mass, we mean matter has an amount of material and by occupation of space, we, mean that matter takes a place in the universe, under its possession.
Matter has a composition. It is made of matter itself. The composition though, is made of variant matter. When matter is analyzed, the matter found to be the constituent is in itself another matter. The latter may or may not have variable properties.
The composition of matter is prevalent in a boundless state. Because something cannot be born of nothing, every single spare part of any matter has its own discrete composition and its own existence. Consider this- Ages back the best scientific equipment could see no tinier than ‘molecules’. It was theorized that they were the smallest existing particles. Much later, thanks to further improved instruments, even smaller particles-‘atoms’ were found to exist. They were now crowned as the smallest particles. This conception, however, made further shifts as the candle of time burned on and technology gained higher ranks. By the early nineteenth century, protons, electrons and other sub-atomic particles were pricked to be the tiniest bits of matter.
A question that often knock’s the mind’s door is- “what and where is infinity”? Sometimes, it is the ‘immeasurable’, sometimes it occurs as ‘countless’, sometimes ‘unlimited’, ‘inestimable’, ‘interminable’, ‘limitless’, sometimes ‘endless’ and so on. But Infinity, sure enough, isn’t endlessness at all times. Here though, like the number system, it is in the form of a never-ending depth of construction. But how? In what measures?
Today, say, electrons are the smallest known form of matter. But remember, matter has a composition. So, obviously, electrons have their composition. And, indispensably, these constituent particles are composed of some matter because, just as Carl Sagan said, “To make an apple pie from scratch, you must first invent the universe.” Demystified, they stand: something cannot be born from nothing. This way, the composition of matter lies to be never-ending, limitless in its nature. It is boundless, infinite.
The reason behind this inaccuracy is imperfect sensory perception. We human beings deduce by utilizing our five senses (namely, our senses of sight, hearing, smelling, touching and tasting) in accordance with brain reasoning-Logic. Here, the question arises, are the senses trustworthy? Socrates said, “Senses may be deceived. Trust only reason.” It must be known how the senses are deceived. Forget mirages in the desert sands or cruel hallucinations. Come home. Get into your own room. Your hands are close to your eyes. You can see them in the presence of light. But can you seem them in the dark? No way. Likewise prevails with the other senses. This clearly illustrates that the sense organs have certain dependencies. They function correctly under certain conditions only and therefore are not trustworthy. Senses gone, should logic and reasoning surrender too? Well, occasionally they must. The logic goes that since both Tagore and a goat possesses beard, they have some similarity. Thus, by the force of some logic, Tagore equals goat. But this is lunacy. The statement is simply ridiculous. It has to bow before reality. Tagore and a goat? Millions and Trillions of lives apart!
With both the senses and logical reasoning found to be imperfect, what then, should we trust? Well, here we must at first have a conception regarding what Knowledge is. Abiding by the scriptures, I would say, “That which, when used, yields benefit to humanity must be treated as knowledge.” With due respect to “No man can be perfect” kind of statements it may be said that Knowledge too cannot seemingly be perfect. But that does not obstruct it to be closest to perfection.
Who created the Universe, how matter came into existence-will never be known. Even if science advances for trillions of years, the answer will remain unknown. InChicago, in one of his speeches Swami Vivekananda said, “Science is nothing but the finding of unity. As soon as science would reach perfect unity, it would stop from further progress, because it would reach the goal. Thus Chemistry could not progress farther when it would discover one element out of which all other could be made. Physics would stop when it would be able to fulfill its services in discovering one energy of which all others are but manifestations, and the science of religion become perfect when it would discover Him who is the one life in a universe of death, Him who is the constant basis of an ever-changing world.” However, material science can never reach such an unity simply because “Science”, though analytic in nature, deals with material quanta-the composition of which has a composition for itself. It is like staring at the maze of Composition of matter where one never went in and never may come out.
While one probes into the mystery of the birth of the Universe, whether the investigator is a theist or atheist does not count. This is simply because either you are inclined towards the Big Bang or the book of Genesis, the law of Cause and Effect always persists. If you believe the Big Bang, then the question for you is “if the universe was initially a ball of gas, which exploded to form the ever-expanding universe, where did that ball come from?”. Subsequently, if God created the Universe, who created God? The Seed is born of the tree and the tree owes its birth to the Seed. Just like what came first will remain unknown and will squeeze the nutrients of your brain every time you poke around the subject, so will the mystery of the Universe be unknown till the end of time (if there be so).
Therefore, as the conclusion of the above paragraphs, it could be finished off stating that the so called “Science” or better Material Science will probably never reach its target unless it refrains from its present stand of belief based on ‘sensory platform of explanation’ which clearly is imperfect.