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Athenian solder and politician. Largely through his success in persuading the Athenians to build a navy, Greece was saved from Persian conquest. He fought with distinction in the Battle of Salamis in 480 BC during the Persian War. In 470 BC he was accused of embezzlement and conspiracy against Athens, banished and fled to Asia, where Artaxerxes, the Persian king, received him with favor.
524 – 459 BC
The Battle of Salamis 480 BC
The Greek fleet was stationed in the narrow Straits of Salamis linking mainland Greece to the Peloponnese, and it was decided that it would stay there, for the Persian ships were big and heavy and would find it difficult to fight in a narrow place.The Persians sent ships to block up each end of the Straigts, thinking that the Greeks would be trapped in the narrow piece of water and could be easily defeated. On the morning of the battle the Persian ships sailed into the Straits to begin the battle. As they entered, the wind rose, and the heavy ships became even more difficult to manage. The Persian ships were soon hammed against one another and could not move. The Greek ships, smaller and lighter, found it easy to row up and ram them, Ship after ship of the Persians were sunk this way. And there was no retreat for the soon to be sunk ships because of the numbers of their own ships pressing into the Straits from behind.
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