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The Beauty of the Swallowtail Butterfly

Updated on August 19, 2012

The Swallowtail Butterfly

Swallowtail butterflies are large, colorful butterflies which form the family Papilionidae. There are at least 550 species, and though the majority are tropical, members of the family are found on all continents except Antarctica. The family includes the largest butterflies in the world, the birdwing butterflies of Australia (genus Ornithoptera).

Swallowtails differ from all other butterflies in a number of anatomical traits. Most notably, their caterpillars possess a unique organ behind their heads, called the osmeterium.

Normally hidden, this forked structure can be everted when the caterpillar is threatened, and emits smelly secretions containing terpenes. The adults are often tailed like the forked tail of some swallows, giving the insect its name.

The Anise Swallowtail

The Anise Swallowtail
The Anise Swallowtail

The Anise Swallowtail

The Anise Swallowtail, Papilio zelicaon, is a common swallowtail butterfly of western North America. Both the upper and lower sides of its wings are black, but the upper wing has a broad yellow stripe across it, which gives the butterfly an overall yellow appearance. There are striking blue spots on the rear edge of the rear wing, and the characteristic tails of the swallowtails. Its wingspan is 7-9 cm. Its body is somewhat shorter than the rather similar Western Tiger Swallowtail, with which its range overlaps; it also lacks the black stripes, converging toward the tail, of the latter. There is a somewhat darker subspecies, Papilio zelicaon nitra, which is rare throughout the range, though somewhat more often found at lower elvations.

The Anise Swallowtail is a butterfly of fairly open country, and is most likely to be seen on bare hills or mountains, in fields or at the roadside. It is often seen in towns, in gardens or vacant lots.

The caterpillar is green, with dark bands spotted with yellow. Its major food plants are members of the carrot family, Apiaceae, (including fennel), and also some members of the citrus family, Rutaceae. Like all swallowtail caterpillars, if disturbed, it will suddenly evert bright orange osmeteria (or "stinkhorns") from just behind its head, glandular structures which give off a foul odor. The caterpillar grows to around 5cm in length before forming a chrysalis, which is brown or green in colour and about 3cm long.

The normal range of the Anise Swallowtail extends from British Columbia and North Dakota at its northern extreme, south to the Baja California peninsula and other parts of Mexico. It is occasionally reported from the south-east United States, but its normal range does not extend east of New Mexico, and even in the south-western states it is uncommon in the desert regions. In the southern parts of its range, the adults can be seen year-round, but in the north-west coastal regions, there are two flights, in spring and fall, while in the warmest parts of its range, there is a single flight, between April and July. In all the more northerly parts of the range, the chrysalis hibernates.

National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies - National Audubon Society Field Guides

The National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies
The National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies

Butterflies are among the natural world's most colorful and intriguing creatures, so what could be more useful than a handy field guide with more than 1,000 photographs of all the butterflies of North America north of Mexico, including all true butterflies, the most common skippers, and many migrants and strays. The color plates are visually arranged by shape and color, and thumb-tab silhouettes provide a convenient index to identification of butterflies in the field. The species account for each butterfly provides measurements, descriptions of each stage of the life cycle, and information on coloring or distinguishing markings, flight period, habitat, and range.

 

The Black Swallowtail

The Black Swallowtail
The Black Swallowtail

The Black Swallowtail

The Black Swallowtail, Papilio polyxenes, also called the American or parsnip swallowtail[1], is a butterfly found throughout much of North America. It is the state butterfly of Oklahoma. There is an extremely similar-appearing species, Papilio joanae that occurs in the Ozark Mountains region, but it appears to be closely related to Papilio machaon, rather than polyxenes.

The Black Swallowtail has a wingspan of 3 1/4 inches to 4 1/4 inches (8 to 11 centimeters). The upper surface of the wings is mostly black. On the inner edge of hindwing is a black spot centered in larger orange spot. A male of this species has a yellow band near edge of wings; a female has row of yellow spots. The hindwing of the female has an iridescent blue band.

In the Southwest USA, yellow forms predominate in the subspecies Papilio polyxenes coloro.

After mating, small, yellow eggs are laid, typically on garden plants from the carrot family, including dill, fennel and parsley. First instar larvae grow to about 1.5 cm (0.6 inch) long, resemble bird droppings and are dark purple-brown with a white band in the middle and have spikes, with a light brown-orange ring at the base of each of the spikes in the dark region (spikes are white on the white band). Later instars grow to about 5 cm (2 inches) and are yellow-white and black banded with yellow spots around every second black band. They have short, black spikes around some of the black bands, although these tend to disappear as the larva nears pupation.

The Black Swallowtail Caterpillar has an orange "forked gland", called the osmeterium. When in danger the osmeterium, which looks like a snake's tongue, everts and releases a foul smell to repel predators.

The Black Swallowtail pupae may be green or brown, but not depending on it's surroundings or what it has pupated on. The color of the chrysalis is determined by a local genetic balance which ensures that majority of pupae will blend in.

Indra Swallowtail Butterfly Pupation Time Lapse

The Clouded Apollo

The Clouded Apollo
The Clouded Apollo

The Clouded Apollo

The Clouded Apollo (Parnassius mnemosyne) is a butterfly species of the family of Swallowtail butterflies (Papilionidae) found in Eurasia.

Clouded Apollos inhabits meadows and woodland clearings with plenty of flowering plants, both in the lowlands and in the mountains. It is not usually found at altitudes above 1500m except in the Asian mountains where it is known also from higher altitudes.

Its range of distribution extends from the Pyrenees, across the Central Massif, the Alps, and the Carpathians as far as central Asia. It inhabits all European countries including Norway, where it appears rarely and only in certain places. A great number of different geographical races and individual forms are distinguished in this extensive region. The most striking specimens include the dark race from the eastern Bavarian Alps (ssp. hartmanni ); form melania has the most pronounced dark colouring.

The Clouded Apollo is locally common in some places in central Europe. The female lays whitish eggs with a granular surface. The caterpillar feeds only on sunny days, otherwise it is hidden under leaves or stones. The blunt-ended chrysalis lies on the ground in a light spun covering. The caterpillars feed exclusively on Corydalis species.[1] To prevent the continuing disappearance of this butterfly from many places in central Europe, it is now protected in some regions. They inhabit small patches and individuals move from patch to patch and conservation of a network of patches is required to maintain the genepool.

Attracting Butterflies & Hummingbirds to Your Backyard: Watch Your Garden Come Alive With Beauty on the Wing - A Rodale Organic Gardening Book

Attracting Butterflies & Hummingbirds to Your Backyard: Watch Your Garden Come Alive With Beauty on the Wing (A Rodale Organic Gardening Book)
Attracting Butterflies & Hummingbirds to Your Backyard: Watch Your Garden Come Alive With Beauty on the Wing (A Rodale Organic Gardening Book)

"Gardeners who follow Sally Roth's advice are sure to fill their gardens with a rainbow of wings. Sally offers a multitiude of fun and inexpensive gardening plans and projects that will entice hummers and butterflies alike."--Rick Mikula, author of The Family Butterfly Book and Garden Butterflies of North America

 

The Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

The Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
The Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

The Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

The Eastern tiger swallowtail, Papilio glaucus, is a large (12 cm wingspan) swallowtail butterfly. It is found in the Eastern United States, as far north as southern Vermont, and as far West as extreme Eastern Colorado. It flies from spring through fall, and most of the year in the southern portions of its range, where it may produce two or three broods a year. In the Appalachian region, it is replaced by the closely-related and only recently described larger-sized Papilio appalachiensis, and in the north, it is replaced by the closely-related Papilio canadensis. These three species can be very difficult to distinguish, and were formerly all considered to be a single species.

Adult males are yellow, with four black "tiger stripes" on each fore wing. The trailing edges of the fore and hind wings are black which is broken with yellow spots. On the medial margin of the hind wing next to the abdomen there are small red and blue spots.

There are two morphs of adult females, a yellow and a dark one. The yellow morph is similar to the male, except that the hind wings have an area of blue between the black margin and the main yellow area. In the dark morph, most of the yellow areas are replaced with a dark gray to a black. A shadow of the "tiger stripes" can still be seen on the dark females. The dark form is more common in the Southern portions of the range, especially in areas also inhabited by the Pipevine Swallowtail, which it seems to mimic.

Eastern Tiger Swallowtails often rest with their wings fully spread, particularly if the sun is out.

Female lays spherical green eggs on the top of leaves of host plants. After hatching, the caterpillars often eat the shell of their egg. The first instars are dark and mimic bird droppings. The second and third instars use mimicry camouflage to the extreme. Lying quietly on a branch or leaf the caterpillar appears to be a piece of bird excrement but if disturbed rears its head and acts like an aggressive snake similar to the Hognose Snake. If disturbed enough, it will extend two red horns known as osmeterium from its underside that look like a snake's tongue. This fearsome visual disguise is often enough to frighten or fool a curious bird or predator. The larvae eat the leaves of a wide variety of trees and shrubs, including cottonwood, tulip tree, sweet bay, Lemon and cherry. Adults are strictly diurnal; they start to fly towards noon and by and by return to rest throughout the afternoon (Fullard & Napoleone 2001).

It is the state butterfly of Georgia, Virginia, Alabama, South Carolina and Delaware.

Butterflies and Moths - A Golden Guide from St. Martin's Press

Butterflies and Moths (A Golden Guide from St. Martin's Press)
Butterflies and Moths (A Golden Guide from St. Martin's Press)

This Golden Guide from St. Martin's Press illustrates in full color 423 of the most common, widespread, important, or unusual North American species of Lepidoptera. Information includes:How to identify butterflies and moths, How to attract, rear and preserve them for study, How to assist these fascinating insects in their struggle for survival, Plus range maps, a special emphasis on immature forms, and an index of scientific names.

 

The Pipevine Swallowtail

The Pipevine Swallowtail
The Pipevine Swallowtail

The Pipevine Swallowtail

The Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly (Battus philenor) is a swallowtail butterfly which is found in North and Central America.

The butterfly ranges from southern Canada southwards across USA to Mexico, Islas Marías and onto Guatemala and Costa Rica.

In the United States, the butterfly is found in New England down to Florida, from Southern Ontario (Canada) to Nebraska, Texas, Arizona, California, Oregon and New Mexico.

The upper surface of the hind wings of the male butterfly has an iridescent metallic blue sheen. The hindwings also have a series of pale, arrow-head markings above and a single row of seven round orange spots, which never touch, set in an iridescent blue field below. The forewings are dull blackish-brown.

After mating, females lay batches of eggs on the underside of the leaves of a host plant. The caterpillars feed in small groups when young, but become solitary when older. Chrysalis overwinters.

The caterpillar of the Pipevine swallowtail is reddish-brown. It has rows of fleshy, red or black coloured tubercles on its back.

Host plants for the caterpillars include the Pipevine (Aristolochia species), including A. californica, A. serpentaria and others. Pipevines confer a poisonous quality to the larvae and resulting adults, much as the monarch butterfly obtains protection by feeding on milkweed, or heliconiines by feeding on passion flowers.

Adults seek nectar from flowers, including thistles (Cirsium species), bergamot, lilac, viper's bugloss, common azaleas, phlox, teasel, azaleas, dame's rocket, lantana, petunias, verbenas, lupines, yellow star thistle, buckeye, and butterfly bush.

It is mimicked by the dark-morph Eastern Tiger Swallowtail females which are palatable to predators. This morph is most often found where the two species' ranges overlap. It is also mimicked by the sympatric subspecies of Limenitis arthemis, the Red-spotted Purples.

Swallowtail Butterfly Larva Spins Loop (Time Lapse)

The Scarce Swallowtail

The Scarce Swallowtail
The Scarce Swallowtail

The Scarce Swallowtail

The Scarce Swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius) is a butterfly found in gardens, fields and open woodlands. It is found in places with sloe thickets and particularly orchards. It is also called Sail Swallowtail or Pear-tree Swallowtail

It is widespread throughout Europe with the exception of the northern parts. Its range extends northwards to Saxony and central Poland and eastwards across Asia Minor and Transcaucasia as far as the Arabian peninsula, India, and western China. A few specimens of the Scarce Swallowtail have been reported from central Sweden and the UK but they were probably only strays and not migrants. The scarcity of UK migrants is responsible for the English common name. In the Alps it can be found up to altitudes of 1600 m.

In some years the Scarce Swallowtail is quite abundant. The Scarce Swallowtail is getting rarer as the blackthorn bushes are being cleared; and it is now protected in some central European countries. It is protected by law in Czech republic, Slovakia, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg and Poland. It is considered Rare-Endangered and protected in some provinces of Austria and of status Indeterminate throughout Europe.

The food plant includes hawthorn bushes. The caterpillars spin little pads on leaves and grip them firmly. The newly hatched caterpillar is dark in colour with two smaller and two bigger greenish patches on the dorsal side, later they are greenish with yellowish dorsal and side stripes. The summer chrysalids are green as a rule, the hibernating ones are brown. A number of hibernating chrysalids fall prey to various enemies.

Giant Swallowtail Butterfly

The Spicebush Swallowtail

The Spicebush Swallowtail
The Spicebush Swallowtail

The Spicebush Swallowtail

The Spicebush Swallowtail (Papilio troilus) is a fairly black swallowtail found in North America. It is the state butterfly of Mississippi.

Adults can be identified by their spoon-shaped tails and by their bright green (male) or iridescent blue (female) hind-wings. Ivory spots may be visible on the forewings, and orange spots may appear on the hindwings. Wingspan may be 3 to 4 inches.

The Spicebush Swallowtail is found only in the Eastern US and extreme southern Ontario, with occasional strays in the American Midwest and even Cuba.

This primarily black swallowtail is normally found in deciduous woods or woody swamps, where they can be found flying low and fast through shaded areas.

The caterpillars live in folded leaf shelters and eat the leaves of the sassafras or spicebush. Adults consume a variety of nectars, including those from azalea, Japanese honeysuckle, milkweed, and thistle flowers.

Both sexes are thought to be edible mimics of the distasteful Pipevine Swallowtail.

The Western Tiger Swallowtail

The Western Tiger Swallowtail
The Western Tiger Swallowtail

The Western Tiger Swallowtail

The Western Tiger Swallowtail is a common Swallowtail Butterfly of western North America, and is frequently seen in urban parks and gardens as well as in rural woodlands and riparian areas. It is a large, brightly colored and active butterfly, rarely seen at rest; its wingspan is 7 to 10 cm, and its wings are yellow with black stripes, and in addition it has blue and orange spots near its tail. It has the "tails" on the hind wings that are often found in swallowtails.

The eggs are deep green, shiny and spherical. They are laid singly, on the undersides of leaves. The caterpillars emerge about four days later. Young caterpillars resemble bird droppings, and as they molt they eventually turn bright green, with a pair of large yellow eyespots with black and blue pupils. They can feed on the leaves of a variety of trees, and the predominant foodplant varies across their range; trees commonly used include cottonwood, willow, quaking aspen and many others. The caterpillars molt 5 times, eventually reaching a length of up to 5cm before pupating. In summer, the butterfly can emerge as little as 15 days after the caterpillar pupated, but when the caterpillar pupates in the fall, the butterfly will not emerge until the spring. The chrysalis is green in summer and dark brown in winter, and looks like a piece of wood. Butterflies emerge from winter chrysalids between February and May, the date depending on the temperature, so they are seen earlier in the more southerly and more coastal parts of their range. The adult females lay up to a hundred eggs in total. The males often congregate, along with other species of swallowtail at pools and along streams and rivers; they drink from the water and mud, extracting minerals as well as moisture.

The normal range of the Western Tiger Swallowtail covers much of western North America, from British Columbia to North Dakota in the north to Baja California and New Mexico in the south. Individuals occasionally turn up east of this range; however, in general, in eastern North America, it is replaced by the similar Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Papilio glaucus.

Like the other tiger swallowtails, the Western Tiger Swallowtail was formally classified in genus Pterourus, but modern classifications all agree in placing them within Papilio.

The Old World Swallowtail

The Old World Swallowtail
The Old World Swallowtail

The Old World Swallowtail

The Old World Swallowtail (Papilio machaon), is a butterfly of the family Papilionidae. The butterfly is also known as the Common Yellow Swallowtail or, simply, The Swallowtail (a common name applied to all members of the family). It is the type species of the genus Papilio and occurs throughout the Palearctic region in Europe and Asia; it also occurs across North America, and thus is not restricted to the Old World, despite the common name.

This striking butterfly is yellow with black wing and vein markings and a wingspan of 8 to 10 cm. The hind wings of both sexes have a pair of protruding tails which give the butterfly its common name. Just below each tail is a red eye spot.

This butterfly is present throughout the entire Palearctic region through Russia to China and Japan (including the Himalayas and Taiwan) and across into Alaska, Canada, and the United States. In Asia it is reported as far south as Saudi Arabia, Oman and the high mountains of Yemen.

In Southern Asia it occurs in Pakistan and Kashmir, Northern India (Sikkim, to Assam and Arunachal Pradesh) Nepal, Bhutan and northern Myanmar.

This butterfly is widespread in Europe but in the United Kingdom it is limited to a few areas in the Norfolk Broads of East Anglia. It is the UK's largest resident butterfly. The Monarch Danaus plexippus is slightly larger but is only a rare vagrant.

There are 37 subspecies.

* Papilio machaon gorganus is strongly migratory in Europe and can be found in almost all habitats.

* In the UK, P. m. brittanicus is an endemic subspecies, but occasionally individuals of the continental subspecies gorganus breed temporarily on the south coast. Subspecies brittanicus differs from the continental subspecies in being more heavily marked in black.

* The Maltese Islands are home to another endemic subspecies, P. m. melitensis.

* Widespread throughout Eurasia, often common and not threatened as a species.

* It is listed as "Vulnerable" in South Korea and the Austrian Red Data Book, and, also in the Red Data Book of the former Soviet Union.

* The Swallowtail is protected by law in the following countries:

* Papilio machaon machaon is protected by law in six provinces of Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.

* UK (subsp. brittanicus occurs in the UK, but the law covers all subspecies).

* India (subsp. verityi).

In occupied Kashmir, the Common Yellow Swallowtail, as Papilio machaon is called there, inhabits alpine meadows in the Himalayas occurring from 2000 feet in held Kashmir valley to 16,000 feet in the Garhwal Himalayas. In India Himachal Pradesh, it is found over 4000 feet only and in Sikkim over 8000 feet only.

At lower elevations these butterflies fly from March to September. At higher elevations the butterflies are limited by the short summer seasons.

British subspecies brittanicus is less mobile than its European continental counterpart and stays within or close by its fenland habitat.

The butterfly has a strong and fast flight but frequently pauses to hover over flowering herbs and sip nectar. It frequents the alpine meadows and hillsides and is fond of 'hilltopping'. At lower elevations it can also be seen visiting gardens.

There are usually two to three broods in a year, but in northern areas the species may be single-brooded. In some places like the UK some will pupate and emerge in the same year and others will overwinter as pupae before emerging the following year, a situation known as being partially double brooded.

The caterpillar spends the first part of its life with the appearance of a bird dropping, an effective defence against predators. As the caterpillar grows larger it becomes green with black and orange markings. The caterpillar still has a defence against predators in the form of an organ called an osmeterium which consists of retractable, fleshy projections behind its head that can release a foul smell.

The Citrus Swallowtail

The Citrus Swallowtail
The Citrus Swallowtail

The Citrus Swallowtail

Papilio demodocus, also known as the citrus swallowtail, is a large swallowtail butterfly common to sub-Saharan Africa. It is a pest species, the caterpillar feeding on citrus trees.

Citrus swallowtails pass through approximately three generations per year. Eggs are laid singly on citrus tree leaves.

Female butterflies lay their eggs singly on citrus leaves. After about six days, the egg hatches into an immature larva.

The immature larvae are black, yellow, and white with spikes. Their coloration provides effective camouflage, as they resemble bird droppings. They grow to a length of 10 or 15 mm before changing into mature larvae.

Mature larvae are green with white or pink markings and eyespots. They grow to a maximum length of about 45 mm.

Mature caterpillars lack the camouflage of their immature state. Instead, when threatened by a bird or other predator, they produce a forked, orange-coloured organ known as an osmeterium. The organ emits a strong smell which acts as a discouragement to the predator.

The caterpillars attach themselves to branches with silk, transforming into pupae. They remain in the pupal form for 2–3 weeks before emerging as adults.

Adult butterflies have black and yellow markings with red and blue eyespots. Female butterflies tend to be larger than males.

Citrus swallowtail eggs and pupae are known to be parasitised by certain species of parasitic wasp, notably Ooencyrtus (eggs) and Pteromalus puparum (pupae).

Butterflies through Binoculars: The East A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Eastern North America - Butterflies Through Binoculars Series

Butterflies through Binoculars: The East A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Eastern North America
Butterflies through Binoculars: The East A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Eastern North America

"The life blood of Dr. Jeffrey Glassberg's new field guide are the superb photographs of living butterflies. Over 300 species of butterflies occurring in the eastern half of the United States and southeastern Canada are covered. The uniformly high quality of the photographs is instantly obvious....Glassberg and all those who helped him are to be commended on having produced a truly state of the art field guide."--News of the Lepidopterists' Society

 

The Mountain Apollo

The Mountain Apollo
The Mountain Apollo

The Mountain Apollo

The Apollo or Mountain Apollo (Parnassius apollo), is a butterfly of the Papilionidae family. It is found on mountains in Europe usually above 1000m up to 2000m, preferring flowery meadows and mountain pastures. This species is of interest to entomologists due to the variety of subspecies, often only restricted to a specific valley in the alps. Related species can be found all over the world. The caterpillar's favorite food plant is Stonecrop (Sedum).

In Finland Apollo was one of the first species of insects declared endangered. The Apollo population in Finland and Sweden decreased drastically during the 1950s. The reason for this is not known, but it is commonly thought to be because of a disease. In Sweden it is since restricted to areas that have limestone in the ground, suggesting that the decrease could hypothetically be related to acid rain.

The Apollo also known as the "great eye" is on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals, in Appendix II in CITES and is mentioned in annex IV of Habitats Directive. It is protected in other states: the Principality of Liechtenstein, Czech Republic (as critically threatened species in Czech code, Decree for implementation, No. 395/1992 Sb. (and No. 175/2006 Sb.)).

One of the loveliest species of butterfly in the Alps, it is white with two red, black-edged "eye marks" on its wings. The Small Appollo (Parnassius phoebus) is found in the high mountains while the Clouded Apollo (Parnassius mnemosyne) lives in the valleys. The Apollo caterpillar lives on woodlark Spur and rock plants and is a velvety blue-black with small orange spots.

Peterson First Guide to Butterflies and Moths - Peterson First Guides

Peterson First Guide to Butterflies and Moths
Peterson First Guide to Butterflies and Moths

Peterson First Guides are the first books the beginning naturalist needs. Condensed versions of the famous Peterson Field Guides, the First Guides focus on the animals, plants, and other natural things you are most likely to see. They make it fun to get into the field and easy to progress to the full-fledged Peterson Guides.

 

The Zebra Swallowtail

The Zebra Swallowtail
The Zebra Swallowtail

The Zebra Swallowtail

The Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly (Eurytides marcellus, other authorities list the species under genera in the family including Iphiclides, Graphium and Papilio) is a swallowtail butterfly found in the eastern United States, north-east Mexico and south-east Canada. Its distinctive black and white-striped pattern is reminiscent of a zebra. Asimina triloba (the common pawpaw tree) is the only larval host of the Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly.

The Zebra Swallowtail Butterfly is also the official state butterfly of Tennessee.

The zebra swallowtail butterfly has wings that are 5-9 cm long. It has long, triangular wings with long tails. It has some distinctive black and white markings on its wings and some small red and blue markings or both bottom corners of the wings.

Eyewitness: Butterfly and Moth DVD

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    • Pat Goltz profile image

      Pat Goltz 4 years ago

      I totally enjoyed this lens! Lots of really interesting details. I think Spicebush Swallowtails have been seen in Arizona, though I will have to go through my own photographs to see if I ever caught one. Some people call a Citrus Swallowtail a "Christmas Swallowtail" but I haven't been able to find out why.

    • MJ Martin profile image

      MJ Martin aka Ruby H Rose 5 years ago from Washington State

      Butterflies are so amazing, I can hardly wait for the adventure in July to study more about the butterflies in my area. Great lens, love the photos!

    • profile image

      maddy22 6 years ago

      Studying citrus swallowtail. What an amazing beautiful species!xox

    • Virginia Allain profile image

      Virginia Allain 6 years ago from Central Florida

      Blessed and featured on Best Insect Webpages on Squidoo.

      I'd like to see source info on the photos. Are you the photographer?

      Very thorough coverage of the swallowtails here.

    • profile image

      julieannbrady 6 years ago

      There is so much beauty and joy in the butterfly! And, butterflies are free ... i.e. beauty and joy are FREE! Rejoice!

    • profile image

      ShamanicShift 6 years ago

      I saw a few swallowtails fluttering between monarchs here in Milwaukee, late summer and early fall.

    • WhiteOak50 profile image

      WhiteOak50 7 years ago

      Fantastic, Beautiful lens! I love butterflies so much and can watch them for hours.

      "Blessed by a SquidAngel"

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      Great lens, I love butterflies too!

      Debra

    • JoyfulButterfly1 profile image

      JoyfulButterfly1 8 years ago

      Wow - what a cool lens with lots of great information! 5 stars and fav! Me and my kids raise Black Swallowtails and Giant Swallowtails as well as Monarchs and Gulf Fritillaries indoors every summer. Its lots of fun and the kids love it. We are going to try to attract some Pipevine and Spicebush Swallowtails this year.

    • profile image

      tdove 8 years ago

      Thanks for joining G Rated Lense Factory!

    • OhMe profile image

      Nancy Tate Hellams 8 years ago from Pendleton, SC

      This lens is featured on my new South Carolina Symbols lens. The Tiger Swallowtail is our state butterfly.

    • OhMe profile image

      Nancy Tate Hellams 8 years ago from Pendleton, SC

      Beautiful and interesting lens.

    • mbgphoto profile image

      Mary Beth Granger 8 years ago from O'Fallon, Missouri, USA

      Very interesting lens. Beautiful butterflies!

    • piedromolinero profile image

      piedromolinero 8 years ago

      A very nice lens with a lot of information about these beautiful butterflies. 5*

    • AlisonMeacham profile image

      AlisonMeacham 9 years ago

      A beautiful lens. I am so glad that I found your work here on Squidoo

      You have been Blessed by a Squid Angel

    • VBright profile image

      VBright 9 years ago

      Almost didn't find this guestbook! Great lens, maybe move the guest book to the end? 5* because it really is a beautiful lens

    • ElizabethJeanAl profile image

      ElizabethJeanAl 9 years ago

      Wonderful lens. I like butterflies almost as much as I love the birds.

      5*

      Lizzy

    • aquariann profile image

      aquariann 9 years ago

      Wonderful, 5 star lens on swallowtail butterflies! Gorgeous photographs.

    • profile image

      Joan4 9 years ago

      Beautiful lens! I love the swallowtails! They always make me smile with joy when I see them! what a gift they are to us!