ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Roman Emperor - Titus

Updated on January 18, 2012

39 AD - 81 AD

Titus, full name Titus Flavius Sabinus Vespasianus, eldest son of Vespasian., was born 39 AD. He was Roman emperor from 79 AD to 81 AD.

As a young man he served as military tribune in Britain and Germany; later he commanded a legion and served under his father in Judaea (67).

Titus campaigned in Palestine in the Jewish war from 67 AD to 70 AD, when his troops captured Jerusalem.

After Nero's death in June 68 he was tireless in supporting his father's cause. Licinius Mucianus, the legate of Syria, was of the opinion that one of Vespasian's greatest assets was to have so promising a son and heir.

Immediately on becoming emperor in 69 AD Vespasian left Titus in charge of the Jewish war. An ensuing large scale campaign in 70 resulted in the capture of Jerusalem in September.

Titus returned to Rome in the summer of 71 and helped his father to govern Rome. He was made commander of the praetorian guard and was given tribunician powers.

When Vespasian died on June 23 79 AD Titus succeeded to emperor promptly yet peacefully. One of his first acts was to put away Berenice, sister of Herod Agrippa II, his attachment to whom had made him unpopular as the Romans still had bad memories of Cleopatra, and marriage to an Eastern queen was against public opinion.

A charming and handsome man, Titus was a lenient ruler and dispensed money lavishly for the public benefit.

His brief rule was marked in 79 AD by the eruption of Vesuvius, which buried Pompeii and Herculaneum, and in 80 AD by a fire that destroyed much of Rome. Titus' generous donations to alleviate the suffering and to rebuild Rome prompted a contemporary writer to call him the "darling and delight of the human race."

Titus dedicated the massive Colosseum while he was emperor, and he constructed a system of public baths in Rome.

He died in 81 AD and was succeeded by his brother, Domitian, who completed the Arch of Titus in his honor.

The Colosseum

The Colosseum was a famous amphitheater in Rome, Italy. In ancient times it was the site of public games, gladiatorial fights, and combats with wild beasts. Some of the early Christians were martyred there by the Romans. The monumental structure was begun in 72 AD by Titus's father Emperor Vespasian and was dedicated in 80 AD by his Titus. It was completed two years later by his younger brother, Emperor Domitian. More than one-third of the outer structure and almost all of the inner skeleton remain intact.

The Colosseum was oval-shaped, about 620 feet (190 meters) long and more than 500 feet (150 meters) wide. Its outer wall, four stories high, measures about 157 feet (47 meters). The first three stories of the stone exterior consist of a series of arches enclosed by attached columns. The fourth story is a closed wall with square windows and is decorated with Corinthian pilasters.

In the center of the Colosseum was a large arena, measuring about 280 by 175 feet (85 by 53 meters). Its floor once concealed a system of dens and passageways for animals, drains, and mechanical elevators. Some traces of this elaborate underground network can still be seen. The arena was surrounded by four tiers of marble seats for distinguished spectators. Above this was a gallery of wooden seats. It is estimated that the Colosseum held between 40,000 and 50,000 spectators.

The Colosseum was kept in good condition until the early 6th century. During the next few centuries nearly two-thirds of the building was destroyed, largely through earthquakes, neglect, and the damage done by builders who carried stones away to use in other structures. But the ruins are still a tourist attraction and a monument to the splendor of ancient Rome.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Justin Bieber 

      6 years ago

      i think this page is cool never delete this page it cool ok thanks

    • profile image

      Peter L. Griffiths 

      7 years ago

      Berenice the great granddaughter of Herod the Great wrote the New Testament. The massacre of the Innocents included her own relatives. Her motive was to put an end to animal sacrifice at the Jewish Passover. She was born in AD28 the only year mentioned in the New Testament, see Luke chapter 3. She obtained most of her facts but emphatically not the dates from her distant cousin Josephus.

    • TheAllSeeingEye profile image

      TheAllSeeingEye 

      8 years ago from England.

      Depending on the belief of reincarnation or immortality at that matter. The ancient Egyptians always sought immortality. Scientists today tell us we only use a small amount of DNA potential in our genes. Ancient mystery schools and ancient art depict DNA symbolism thousands of years ago. Did they have great knowledge of genetics? Could the inactive DNA potential unlock immortality? Food for thought!

    • darkside profile imageAUTHOR

      Glen 

      8 years ago from Australia

      Considering that no one can physically live for a couple of thousand years it doesn't surprise me that Titus is no longer among us.

    • profile image

      mitzimi 

      8 years ago

      The ancient Romans may have considered Titus a darling, but much of the world remembers him for his memorial arch celebrating the eradication of the Jew - a somewhat premature celebration it turns out, since Titus and his ilk are no longer among us, but a Jewish Jerusalem thrives. (For more about the Roman conquest of Jerusalem, see http://www.jerusalem-insiders-guide.com/fall-of-je...

    • William F. Torpey profile image

      William F Torpey 

      9 years ago from South Valley Stream, N.Y.

      I'm enjoying these hubs on Roman emperors and history.

    • profile image

      Iphigenia 

      9 years ago

      Yes, shame Titus died young and so soon into his reign. The Colosseum is still a wonder to behold.

    • RKHenry profile image

      RKHenry 

      9 years ago from Neighborhood museum in Somewhere, USA

      Bravo! Your hub is safely tuck away in my "Fav. Hubs" bookmark file. Thanks for the history lesson.

    • shamelabboush profile image

      shamelabboush 

      9 years ago

      I was always fascinated with ancient history especially Roman and greek histories. Well done darkside. I'd love to be your fan.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)