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VENUS AS THE MORNING STAR & EVENING STAR
Venus is the second planet from the Sun. Venus is symbolized by it’s planet symbol ♀. Because of the brightness, Venus can be observed prominently in the sky during dawn or dusk. Most of the people know Venus as the Morning Star. But Mariners know it as Morning & Evening star. If it appears in the morning it will not appear in the evening & vice versa. Since it is very bright & it appears during twilight, Venus is perfect for stellar observations.
Venus was worshiped as the Goddess in Ancient Roman Empire. It was considered as Goddess of love.
In Bible Venus had been mentioned in various places. In the Old Testament Venus is called the "Queen of Heaven." Jeremiah 44:17 says, "We will burn incense to the Queen of Heaven and will pour out drink offerings to her just as we and our fathers, our kings and our officials did in the towns of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem". During the time of Manasseh they thought their prosperity was a result of their worship to the Queen of Heaven.
In Isaiah 14 Lucifer referred as (Daystar), son of the morning.
Revelations 2:28, 8:10-11, and 22:16 we find these interesting quotes:“And I will give him the morning star.” “And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and the name of the star is called Wormwood.” (The word wormwood comes from Old English ‘wermod’ meaning “spirit mother;” the herb Artemisia absinthium is sacred to the goddess; absinthe is made from it, and it gives the flavor to Vermouth)
Revelation 22:16 says, "I, Jesus have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star".
Venus is known as Shukra (Sukkiran), in Hindu religion. It plays an important part in the Horoscope.
Friday is associated to Venus. In Tamil language, both Venus & Friday are referred as Velli.
In Christianity Good Friday is the Friday before Easter. It commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus.
The Jewish Sabbath begins at sunset(evening 1800 hrs) on Friday and lasts until nightfall on Saturday (evening 1800 hrs)
In Islam religion Friday has the special prayer called Salat AlJumu'ah. The day is of general peace and even condemning a slave is forbidden under the Muslim law.
Traditionally, Roman Catholics were obliged to refrain from eating the meat on Fridays.
For Hindus Friday is sacred & they don't consume any meat or fish on that day. It is a special day to worship their Gods.
Morning star meditation existed in Buddhism.
Native Americans referred Venus as the morning star. They equated it to their God Quetzalcoatl (The feathered Serpent).
Friday which, falls on 13th is considered as a bad day. Even nowadays we use the term Black Friday.
Vedic cultures resembled Venus as the head of natural forces.
From above charts general idea regarding the Venus can be obtained. But to know the exact position of Venus, it has to be calculated using the Almanac.
Let us check the real explanation for above situation. As Venus is inferior planet to earth, it moves faster than Earth. Let us assume that the earth is stationary & only rotating itself. The Venus is orbiting the Sun.
Let us see the scientific reason for Venus appearing as morning & evening star.
The above figure you can notice Sun, Earth & Venus at three positions in its orbit can be noticed. Actually Venus & Earth are almost similar size. In the above figure earth is seen bigger than Venus & Sun because we are on the Earth, thus Venus & Sun are far away.
Earth rotates in the anticlockwise direction.
When the Venus is in conjunction with the Sun, at position V2 to an observer on the Earth it will to rise & set together with Sun, if Venus could be seen. But in practical situation it cannot be seen during dawn or dusk since bright Sun light makes it impossible.
When the Venus is in V3 position for the Sun to rise, the Earth has to rotate further till the observer has to be brought to position Z1. The same observer will see the Venus when he is in position Z2 to Z1. Since the Venus will be seen few hours before Sun rise & during this period it is known as Morning Star.
When the Venus is in V1 position for the Sun will set in Z3. The same observer will see the Venus when he is in position Z3 to Z4. Since the Venus will be seen few hours after Sun set & during this period it is known as Evening Star.
Since the maximum elongation of Venus is 47 degrees, it can be seen by observer approximately 3 hours before sunrise or after sunrise.