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19th Century Politics in Britain and America

Updated on March 21, 2017
Nathanville profile image

I love history; it forms the basis of my interest in genealogy and has an influence on our itinerary when on family holidays.

Understanding the Victorians: Politics, Culture and Society in Nineteenth-Century Britain
Understanding the Victorians: Politics, Culture and Society in Nineteenth-Century Britain

This is a comprehensive book that combines a broad survey on the topic with a close analysis of it making it an ideal reference source in understanding the Victorians, their society, culture and politics.


A Victorian Perspective

My interest in this subject stems from my genealogy research, specifically in relation to my great-great grandfather (George Burgess) who spent his youth in America and kept his own scrapbook which gives an insight into his political views.

In this article I’ve included a number of 19th century newspaper stories from the scrapbook of George Burgess (1829-1905) which gives a brief glimpse of British and America politics and political history during the Victorian period. The newspaper publications included here are:

  • The wife of John Bigler (1805-1871), Governor of the State of California
  • Cost of British Royalty
  • Dr. Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)
  • England’s progress during ten years
  • Expense of War

I’ve also included a section at the end on the American civil war because not only did my great-great grandfather live in the more southern States in America for a number of years just prior to the civil war but also the husband of his closest friend (The Middleton family from Washington, whom he stayed in close contact with after returning to England) served as a Captain in the Union Army during that civil war.

My great-great-grandfather, George Burgess (1829-1905) during his youth spent over 12 years in America from the age of 15 until his last trip back to England in 1857 when he bought back with him his collection of early American newspaper cuttings which became the start of his most enlightening scrapbook.

For Further Reading I’ve included the link (near the end of this article) to his scrapbook of over 500 Victorian era newspaper articles.

Victorian Politics

British Empire

The Victorian era was the height of the British Empire; not something British people are proud of these days, but its history.

My great-great aunt’s grandfather-in-law (Thomas Arthur VC) volunteered to fight in the Crimean War (1853-1856), and was one of the first people to be awarded the VC (Victoria Cross) for his bravery. The Victoria Cross is the highest award in Britain for gallantry in the face of the enemy; the metal from one of the Russian canons captured in the Crimean War being used to make the medals.

It was in Crimea during the war that Florence Nightingale laid the founding principles of modern day nursing. I always wonder whether Thomas Arthur ever actually met Florence Nightingale; something that I’ll probably never know.

After the Crimean War Thomas Arthur (born in Abbotsham, Devon, England) c1835 continued his military duty in India, taking his family with him; and while out there had several more children. The strangest thing (which I’ve never been able to fathom) is that while in India both he and his wife changed their names. Arthur Thomas became Arthur McThomas, and his wife changed her first name to Britannia.

Crimean War 1853-1856

UK/USA Political Publications

Below are sample Victorian era newspaper publications (from my great-great grandfather’s scrapbook) that give a glimpse at what was being printed at the time in America and Britain about politics and political history.

Wife of John Bigler (1805-1871), Governor of State of California

A Californian Wife of a Politician
A Californian Wife of a Politician
The Politics of Gender in Victorian Britain: Masculinity, Political Culture and the Struggle for Women's Rights
The Politics of Gender in Victorian Britain: Masculinity, Political Culture and the Struggle for Women's Rights

If you’re keen to learn more about the political culture of the time and how it was influencing and being influenced by society and individuals then this book in Hardcover and Kindle Edition highlights the struggle for women’s rights in Victorian Britain.


The Cost of Royalty Prior to 1861

As Featured in British and American 19th Century Newspapers

The cost of Royalty in Britain featured greatly in both British and American newspapers during the Victorian Era.

Below are just a couple of extracts of parts of two articles, one published in an American newspaper and the other a British newspaper. These, rather lengthy and therefore informative, articles can be read in full on my Nathanville genealogy website.

Quoting From the American Newspaper:-

The statute which granted $2,000,000 per annum to the Queen, with $50,000 per annum additional "for home secret service," provided for the particular application of the money as follows:-

  1. For Her Majesty's privy purse $300,000;
  2. For salaries of her household, $626,000;
  3. Expenses of the household - that is what Paddy would call "the best eating and drinking," - $862,500;
  4. Royal bounty alms, and special services, $16,000;
  5. Pensions to the extent of $6,000;
  6. Un-appropriated moneys, $40,200.

Article from British Victorian Newspaper Entitled 'The Privy Purse of Queen Victoria Prior to 1861

  • The Privy Purse of the Queen is £60,000
  • Revenues of the Duchy of Cornwall £88,000
  • Revenues of the Duchy of Lancaster £12,000
  • Neeld Legacy of £500,000 - equivalent to Prince Albert. £25,000
  • Parliamentary Annuity £30,000
  • Pay as Field-Marshal £6,000
  • Pay as Colonel of the Grenadier Guards £2,695
  • Pay as Colonel-in-Chief of the Rifle Brigade £238
  • Grand Ranger of Windsor Great Park (amount of emoluments unknown) say £1,000
  • Grand Ranger of Home Park (amount of emoluments unknown) say £500
  • Governor of Constable of Windsor Castle £1,120

Total £176,553

British Aristocracy
British Aristocracy

Dr. Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

Franklin and the Barber

This early American newspaper article uses a lot of colloquial language which seems to be quite common for American newspapers published during the early part of the Victorian Era.

If you have difficulty in reading it here a full transcript is available for free viewing on my Nathanville genealogy website.

Franklin and the Barber
Franklin and the Barber

More Reading on My Nathanville Genealogy Website

Free Online Victorian Newspapers

Use this link further reading of over 500 Victorian Newspaper articles available to read free online.

More 19th Century Newspaper Articles on Politics and History

Click thumbnail to view full-size
England’s Progress during ten yearsExpense of War
England’s Progress during ten years
England’s Progress during ten years
Expense of War
Expense of War

American Civil War

Impact on Modern Politics and Society

The biggest major event in 19th century America is almost certainly the civil war over slavery splitting north and south; and undoubtedly this and its outcome has shaped America politically and socially; making it what it is today.

My one connection with this historic political event is the Middleton family from Washington, the husband serving in the Union Army during the civil war. My great-great grandfather (George Burgess) met the Middleton family prior to the civil war when he was in America finishing his apprenticeship in stone cutting (stonemasonry). He initially went to Baltimore, Maryland (a Slave State) in America to continue his apprenticeship, finishing it in Philadelphia, a Free State bordering Maryland. I’m not exactly sure where or when he met the Middleton family but he returned home to England in 1857 and thereafter kept in close contact with them, often writing to the wife, Maggie Middleton, and exchanging photos.

The photo below is Richard Middleton Captain in Union Army (American civil war) 50th Regiment of New York Eng, this photo was sent to my great great grandfather by his dear friend in America, Mrs C M Middleton, the wife of Richard.

Richard Middleton Captain, Union Army (American civil war) 50th Regiment, New York Eng.
Richard Middleton Captain, Union Army (American civil war) 50th Regiment, New York Eng.

Map of Baltimore, Maryland and Philadelphia

show route and directions
A markerBaltimore -
Baltimore, MD, USA
get directions

Baltimore, Maryland, where George Burgess came from England to continue his apprenticeship in stone cutting

B markerPhiladelphia -
Philadelphia, PA, USA
get directions

Philadelphia, where George Burgess finished his apprenticeship in stone cutting

19th Century Colloquial Language

Often Used in Early 19th Century American Newspapers

You may have noticed the common use of colloquial language in some early 19th century American newspapers, do you think this use of colloquialism enhances the reading experience or hinders it.

Does colloquialism in newspaper stories enhances the reading experience or hinders it?

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