What Are Cells?
Cells are tiny structures in your body, my body, and the bodies of every living organism. Cells give us all of our basic life functions, and there are many different parts of 1 individual cell that helps us in our daily lives. There are over a trillion different cells in your body, and each one helps your body. Cells are like the behind the scene helpers that allow us to do many of our life functions.
Different Kinds Of Organisms Have Different Cells
As we all know, there are animals, plants, humans, and other organisms all over the world. Each of us have similar cell structures, but there are a few differences that set us apart. All animals will have the same cell structure as other animals, but plant cells are somewhat different based on shape, features, locations of organelles (we'll get to those later), etc.
Organelles - What Are They?
An organelle is a helper in a cell. These organelles keep our cells in top condition, and each organelle has a different function that makes a cell so helpful. In a soccer team, you must have 10 players to have a good team, but that 1 superstar player can't make it if he is alone facing a team of 10. The organelles are similar to soccer players because they all must be in a cell in order for that cell to survive.
Ribosomes are organelles that travel throughout the cell carrying and making protein that is used to feed the cell.
Also called ER
The Endoplasmic Reticulum is a maze way in a cell where the ribosomes go in order to bring protein to other parts of the cell.
Mitochondria are referred to as the cell powerhouses because they generate most of the cell's supply of Adenosine triphosphate which is used as chemical energy. The Mitochondria also control a lot of other functions in the cell such as cell growth and the cell cycle.