ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Famous Philosophers: What Did Friedrich Nietzsche Believe?

Updated on June 19, 2013

Nietzsche's General Views

  • Nietzsche believed that each man and woman should develop their own moral values and not rely on anything or anyone to tell them how to live.
  • Nietzsche believed that we must overcome ourselves and become what he called the "ubermensch" meaning overman or superman. By this he meant that humans have to work on improving themselves (through learning more about their minds and bodies) so that they can transcend the limitations of the human condition. This must not be confused at all with Nazist views that only some people are "ubermensch" and everyone else is inferior. Nietzsche firmly believed that every human was capable of overcoming themselves and becoming "ubermensch."
  • He believed that everyone is capable of being a "god" to themselves (the perfect form of themselves that they must fight to achieve). He spoke of mankind being in between animal and "ubermensch" and it was up to each man and woman to decide how far along the line they will travel to become a 'god'.
  • Nietzsche was strongly against pity.
  • Nietzsche was born severely ill and only became even more ill throughout his life. Thus, he did not care for any views about physical or mental superiority, he instead thought that it is personal battles with oneself that matters.
  • Nietzsche believed that all morals need to be constantly questioned. He criticised the German society fiercely in his books.


Nietzsche and Religion

  • Nietzsche absolutely hated anything that enslaved mankind. This included things such as patriotism, religion and current leaders.
  • Nietzsche was completely learned in theology and knew so much that he earned the nickname "the little preacher" as a child.
  • However, after he grew up, Nietzche found that all religions were fraught with problems concerning morality.
  • He hated the fact that religions such as Christianity gave "moral absolutes" dictating what is right and wrong for everyone without considering circumstances. For the same reason, he opposed the philosopher Immanuel Kant vehemently for his views of deontology - i.e. that actions such as murder and lying are always wrong regardless of how or why the murder was done.
  • Nietzsche wrote a book entitled "The Anti-Christ" critising Christianity for the values that it encourages. Pity is a point of focus and Nietzsche argues that Christianity's inclination towards pity only prolongs misery to where otherwise it would not have existed i.e. by not helping something that is falling, you save yourself from later picking that something up again and again.

Friedrich's Illnesses

"Every two or three weeks, I spend about 36 hours in bed... In real torment" - Fredrich Nietzche


  • Was born with severe myopia.
  • Suffered from frequent head aches.
  • Contracted dysentery and diphtheria during the Franco-Prussian war (the 1870 war).
  • Possibly contracted syphilis as a student in a brothel.
  • He never stated what his illness was but talked many times of being very ill (mentioning symptoms specific to syphilis).

Arguments Against Nietzsche

Concerning Pity

  • Nietzsche is against pity of any kind because helping someone that is in a weaker position will only prolong its suffering in the long run. However, many times a person is in a pitiable situation due to unfortunate events that were not in his control and without the help that pity provides they may never regain their strength. Would it not be moral to help these people at the very least? Often it only takes a little help for a person to get back on his feet and be a useful member of society again - not helping that person would have resulted in the much less efficient outcome of his demise. Therefore, if looking at morality through the perspective of how best a society would work, pity should definitely be encouraged, certainly because the weak may have the potential to be very strong indeed.

Do you agree with anything that Nietzsche believes?

See results


Submit a Comment

No comments yet.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)