- Education and Science
Who Are The Top 8 Presidents of USA__A Historical Ranking over Half Century
After the top 3 Presidents , Who Are the next top 5 Presidents of USA (A Historical Ranking over Half Century) ?
Often ranked just below the three top Presidents, George Washington, Abraham Lincoln & Franklin D. Roosevelt, are 5 other Presidents who consist of the top 20%, Thomas Jefferson and Theodore Roosevelt. The remaining places in the top 8 are often rounded out by Harry S. Truman, Woodrow Wilson, Dwight Eisenhower,
Thomas Jefferson, Teddy Roosevelt & Harry Truman
While these five Presidents have left a legacy with their leadership that benefited the nation and the people of America and elsewhere. But in each case on hind sight, some failures must also be noted by prosterity. These Presidents were of course men and not gods and thus a prisoner in a sense of their time and culture, in their failiure to envision the pain and burden that posterity had to bear, that perhaps could have been anticipated with stronger commitment to posterity.
But then posterity is never there to vote for a President now !
Thomas Jeffferson: (1743 -1826) was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776)
And the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom (1777), the third President of the United States (1801-1809) and founder of the University of Virginia (1819). He was an influential Founding Father and an exponent of Jeffersonian democracy. During the Revolutionary War, Jefferson served as the Goveror of Virginia. In 1785, he became the Minister to France.
His prior relationships with France perhaps more than anything else allowed United States to make the "Lousiana Purchase" from Nepoleon Bonaparte, doubling the size of the United States during his Presidency.
A personal failure perhaps was his political rivalry with George Washington and the Federalists toward the end of George Washington's life. George Washington was someone who someone with whom he had worked all his life till toward the end of George Washington's second presidency. Non the less, versatility and variety of major contribution that Jefferson made during his life time stands as a major contribution during his Presidency. He had said "Science was his passion, poltics his duty".
Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th President of the United States (1901-1909).
He is noted for his exuberant personality, range of interests and achievements, and his leadership of the Progressive Movement, as well as his "cowboy" persona and robust masculinity. He was a leader of the Republican Party and founder of the short-lived Progressive ("Bull Moose") Party of 1912. Before becoming President, he held offices at the city, state, and federal levels.
Roosevelt's achievements as a naturalist, explorer, hunter, author, and soldier are as much a part of his fame as any office he held as a politician. Born in a wealthy NY family, he served as the Governor of NY, and was elected Vice President of USA.
His Presidency was from 1901-1909. A major legacy of his Presidency was to preserve nature in America. His friend in this quest was John Muir, a naturalist and founder of the Sierra Club, existing still today. A failure was perhaps his inabilty to forsee the risk of coming of World War I in Europe.
Of course the public centiment at that time was a major barrier and a prison for his Presidency in such a task as the public in America wished America to be not involved in Eurpean wars that constantly raged as centuries before. But with new war making technology, the consequence of a World War ,the "War to End All Wars" was not envisioned nor prepared as best as can be deduced on hindsight.
A President is a "prisoner of his time and his public" that is difficult to overcome perhaps even if one is a visionary leader as was President Roosvelt in preserving wilderness for posterity.
Harry S. Truman: 1884 - 1972) was the 33rd President of the United States (1945-1953). A
s President Franklin D. Roosevelt's third vice president and the 34th Vice President of the United States (1945), he succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945, when President Roosevelt died less than three months after beginning his historic fourth term.
During World War I, Truman served in combat in France as an artillery officer in his National Guard unit. After the war, he joined the Democratic Party in Kansas City, Missouri.
Truman faced many challenges in domestic affairs. The disorderly postwar reconversion of the economy of the United States was marked by severe shortages, numerous strikes, and the passage of the Taft-Hartley Act over his veto. He confounded all predictions to win election in 1948, helped by his famous Whistle Stop Tour of rural America.
Truman's presidency was also eventful in foreign affairs, with the defeat of Nazi Germany and his decision to use nuclear weapons against Japan, the founding of the United Nations, the Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe, the Truman Doctrine to contain communism, the beginning of the Cold War, the Berlin Airlift, the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Chinese Civil War, and the Korean War.
Corruption in Truman's administration, which was linked to certain members in the cabinet and senior White House staff, was a central issue in the 1952 presidential campaign and helped cause Adlai Stevenson, Truman's successor for the Democratic nomination for the presidency, to lose to Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower in the 1952 presidential election.
Truman, in sharp contrast to the imperious Roosevelt who kept personal control of all major decisions, was a folksy, unassuming president who relied on his cabinet. He popularized such phrases as "The buck stops here" and "If you can't stand the heat, you better get out of the kitchen."
His approval ratings in the polls started out very high, then steadily sank until he was one of the most unpopular men to leave the White House. Popular and scholarly assessments of his presidency eventually became more positive after his retirement from politics. Truman's legendary upset victory in 1948 over Thomas E. Dewey is routinely invoked by underdog presidential candidates.
Photo Album 01__Top US PresidentsClick thumbnail to view full-size
Thomas Jefferson to Harry Truman - Woodrow Wilson & Dwight Eisenhower,
Top Presidents RememberedClick thumbnail to view full-size
Memory of End of World War II - President Harry S. Truman
Link List 02 B__Key Topic
- Buidling The Future__America and Americans
Buidling The Future__America and Americans A Bridge to Arts and Science
Thomas Jefferson Enduring Legacy - Ben Franklin On Education__Wisdom of a Founding Father Remembered
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