ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

13 Essential Rudiments for Drumming

Updated on April 22, 2016

Why You Need To Know These Rudiments

The 13 essential rudiments should be the first rudiments you learn when beginning to learn how to play the snare drum. If you can play all of these rudiments, you will be able to play almost any piece of music. As with anything, the more you practice the better you'll get and the easier these rudiments will be to play. Everything you play can be broken down into a series of these 13 essential rudiments:

First 5 Essential Rudiments

1. Double Stroke Roll - The first thing you need to know before doing this exercise is how to allow the stick to bounce in controlled manner. A double stroke roll is simply hitting the drum, allowing it to bounce once on the same hand, then switching to the other hand and doing the same thing. The sound should be symmetrical when performed and notes should be evenly spaced. In other words, if L=left and R=right, then it would be LLRRLLRRLLRRLLRRLLRR and so on.

2. Five Stroke Roll - A five stroke roll is basically like a double stroke roll but it ends after only 5 taps. A five stroke roll looks like this: LLRRL or RRLLR.

3. Seven Stroke Roll - A seven stroke roll ends after 7 taps. A seven stroke roll looks like this: LLRRLLR or RRLLRRL.

4. Flam - A flam is a hit, but with a grace note preceding it. A flam is a hit, but with another hit on the opposite hand directly preceding it. A flam would look like LR or RL, but the preceding note would not be as prominent and would be almost directly before it.

5. Flam Accent - A flam accent is a flam, but with an accent on the flam and two evenly spaced notes after it. An accent is used to denote a louder hit. A flam accent would look like LR-L-R or RL-R-L.

The Rest of The Essential Rudiments

6. Flam Paradiddle - To know how to do this rudiment, you must first know how to do a paradiddle. A paradiddle is a rudiment with an accent on the first note, an alternate hit on the second note, and two final notes play on an alternate hand from the second one. I know that sounds confusing, but it would look like LRLL or RLRR. A flam paradiddle is a paradiddle, but with a flam as the first note.

7. Flamacue - A flamacue is a group of four notes and an ending downbeat, where the first note and the downbeat are flammed, and the second note is accented. All of the notes are alternating: LRLRL or RLRLR.

8. Ruff - A ruff is very similar to a flam, but instead of having one grace note, it has two notes that are alternated.

9. Single Drag - The only difference between a ruff and a drag are that the two grace notes are played on the same hand.

10. Double Drag - A double drag is simply two drags performed one after the other without alternating. This would look like LLR LLR

11. Double Paradiddle - A double paradiddle is much like a paradiddle, but with 4 alternating notes in the beginning of the rudiment instead of 2. This looks like RLRLRR or LRLRLL. The double paradiddle still has an accent on the first note.

12. Ratamacue - A single ratamacue consists of four notes where the first note has drag grace notes and the fourth is accented.

13. Triple Ratamacue - A triple ratamacue consists of a single ratamacue with two drags before it.

13 Essential Drum Rudiments


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)