ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Guitar Lessons • How To Play Barre Chords • Printable Charts, Root 5 and 6 Shapes, Proper Hand Position, Video

Updated on January 18, 2018

This lesson is a continuation of

For more Beginner Guitar Lessons, please see:

Barre Chords

These chord shapes can be very difficult for beginner and intermediate players. Usually, they require that the first finger is placed across all six strings. This technique requires quite a bit of pressure to have the strings ring clearly. Proper fret-hand placement is essential to the sound. I always stress placing the other fingers (two, three and four) on the fretboard, BEFORE applying the first finger barre. This usually results in good hand positioning. The thumb must stay down and back, approximately in the middle of the hand. Keep the wrist bent and out, at close to a right angle. Curl the first finger (the barre) slightly towards the nut. Stay up on the tips of the second, third and fourth finger, to prevent muting the other strings.

Root 6 Barre Chords

Sometimes called E shaped barres, these are all based on some form of an open E chord (see Beginner Guitar • Open Chords). Root 6 simply means that the root note of the chord (the chord name), is on the low E string (sixth). Notes on the sixth string from the open string to the twelfth fret are:

E • F • F♯/G♭ • G • G♯/A♭ • A • A♯/B♭ • B • C • C♯/D • D •D♯/E♭

The whole fretboard starts all over again at the twelfth fret. Following this chart, If you play any of the shapes with the first finger barred across the fifth fret it will be some form of an A chord (A Major, A minor, A7 or Am7). When moving these chords around the fretboard, release the pressure and slide your fret-hand, while maintaining the same shape.

Root 6 Major Barre Chords

Based on an open E major shape, these chords (as all these chords are) are the same shape all over the fretboard. The different fret positions yield different names, but the same shape. Re-finger the open E with the second, third and fourth finger (as opposed to the normal fingering of the first, second and third). In the open E position, the first finger would have to be employed as a barre, if it wasn't for the nut. In this respect, the first finger is replacing the nut in the closed shapes.

Root 6 minor Barre Chords

Based on an open Em chord shape, re-finger the Em with your third and fourth finger. Note that there is only one note difference between the Major and minor shape. In the open E Major chord, the third (G♯) moves to the minor third (G). One note, one fret. Huge difference in sound but just a slight variation in structure.

Root 6 7th Barre Chords

Based on an open E7 shape. Re-finger the E7 with second and third finger.

Root 6 minor 7th Barre Chords

Based on an open Em7, a one fretted note chord. The same as the Major to minor relationship, the 7th to minor 7th, is a one note one fret variation. Again the major third moves to the minor third.


Root 5 Barre Chords

Sometimes called A shaped barres, these are all based on some form of the open A chord. As in the root 6 barres, root 5 means that the root note is found on the fifth string: A. Notes on the fifth string from the open A to the twelfth fret are:

A• A♯/B♭ • B • C • C♯/D♭ • D • D♯/E♭ • E • F • F♯/G♭ • G • G♯/A♭

Root 5 Major Barre Chords

Based on an open A Major shape, these chords have proven to be the hardest to form, especially with the normal third finger barre as well as the first finger barre. Some people (myself included) have a hard time bending the third finger back at the first knuckle. This is essential to make the first string ring. I have seen students struggle with this shape more than any other. I have also seen students that can bend that knuckle on a ninety degree angle. Kind of freakish looking. If you find you just cannot do the third finger barre, try the alternate fingering of second, third and fourth. This gets harder up the neck, as the frets get closer together.

Root 5 minor Barre Chords

Based on an open Am shape, re-finger the open shape with the second, third and fourth finger. This one is much easier than the Major shape, and usually the first barre chord students learn.

Root 5 7th Barre Chords

Based on an open A7 shape, re-finger the open chord with the third and fourth finger.

Root 5 minor 7th Barre Chords

Based on an open Am7 shape, re-finger the open chord with the second and third finger.

Barre chords require a lot of work to make them sound clean, and change positions and form with accuracy. Take your time. Learn one shape at a time, move it up and down the fretboard, always being aware of what the chord name is. If you experience a lot of pain, stop, and practice something else. They can be very tiring when employed for an entire song. Good luck!

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Matt 

      5 years ago

      Thank you

    • Lorne Hemmerling profile imageAUTHOR

      Lorne Hemmerling 

      6 years ago from Oshawa

      Smaller hands will make them difficult, but not impossible with the correct positioning. Having said that, you can probably compensate with the capo for many songs. Try the positioning techniques I have mentioned here. Good luck my friend!

    • charliegrumples profile image

      charliegrumples 

      6 years ago from UK

      I looked into Barre chords but with small hands I'm kinda screwed, so open chords it has to be I'm afraid

    • Lorne Hemmerling profile imageAUTHOR

      Lorne Hemmerling 

      6 years ago from Oshawa

      Thanks so much, my friend. I hope it helps you out.

    • profile image

      Wilbart26 

      6 years ago

      Very helpful for those people who wanted to play a guitar. I know how to play a guitar, but I must admit, I am no good at it. This hub will let me learn more about playing a guitar...

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)