ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Celebrating raggae music and musicians

Updated on October 18, 2013
Bob Marley
Bob Marley | Source

By Michelle Liew Tsui-LIn

Reggae. The music conjures images of relaxation and calm joy.

The musical form also tends to make anyone listening want to do a slow dance. It definitely puts one on the beaches of Waikiki, in front of a luau.

The uniqueness of the harmonic and melodic structure of this genre of music also give it great listening pull.

Reggae deserves a little of the spotlight and so do the famous artists who gave it its shape.

Bunny Wailer
Bunny Wailer | Source

Instruments used in reggae music

The reggae sound is built on a relatively small number of instruments that play what is affectionately known among reggae artists as ‘riddim.”

  • Bass guitar

  • guitar

  • Drums - a standard drum kit, congo and bongo drums

  • Horns-the saxophone,trombone and trumpet

  • Keyboards

Peter Tosh
Peter Tosh | Source

Characteristics of the reggae sound

Bob Marley, who was reggae’s number one maestro until he passed away in 1981, has attributed what gives reggae its nature to the feel of the music.

The sound can be described as high, big, round, slow and yet incredibly beautiful.

Syncopated or off beat nature

Reggae’s downbeat is played on the second and fourth beats of a bar of four counts, instead of being introduced at the beginning of the bar. The slow, offbeat nature gives it its “feel”.

Strong bassline

Reggae has a strong bassline, which is memorable and makes it what it really is. It is usually what people would remember about a reggae number, and is played repetitively, is thick, and pronounced. In a reversal of roles, the bass has musical prominence in reggae music.


Reggae keyboardists call their technique ‘the bang”. The bang essentially means that they play the keyboards on the second and third beats of a four beat bar, synchronizing with other instruments.


The reggae guitar complements the keyboard to help it sound fuller. For those familiar with guitaring, the chucking or chopping technique is used. For those interested, please follow this link for more on reggae guitaring.


Reggae usually has a strong brass section. The saxophone, trombone and trumpet are used in many reggae numbers.One horn may be tuned higher than the others.


A Jamaican form of music, congo and bongo drums are the percussion instruments mostly used. The percussive style of nyah bingi drumming is a strong stylistic feature. The snare drum is usually tuned to a much higher pitch, which gives it a sound that replicates timbales.


Reggae vocals are usually repetitive, crisp and leave a “chanting” feel. They involve singing, deejaying or a combination of both.

Reggae colors

Singing reggae comes with its colors! Rock the songs with red, green, black or gold.

Some inspirational reggae musicians and songs

Reggae, as with other musical genres like jazz, rock, and rhythm and blues, has a fair share of outstanding musicians who have contributed to its growth.

Here are a few must-haves on the reggae list, though there are many others worthy of mention.

Bob Marley No Woman No Cry

Bob Marley

Die hard reggae fans will be up in arms if I did not include Marley on a reggae music list.

Influenced heavily by the Rastafari movement and Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie, Marley’s early messages were for the repatriation to Zion of those of African descent who had been dispersed worldwide due to slavery. He sang songs such as Babylon System and Survival.

He and childhood friend Bunny Wailer began playing music together. Later, through a collaboration with Joe Higgs, they met up with Peter Tosh, who also had musical aspirations and formed The Wailers. With the Wailers in 1963, he released early reggae records with producer Lee “Scratch” Perry.

The group disbanded in 1974, which pushed Marley into a solo career. He released the album Exodus which established a worldwide reputation.

I include “No Woman No Cry,” a must listen of Marley’s.

Blackheart Man

Bunny Wailer

We have remembered the influence of Marley, and must not forget songwriter and percussionist Bunny Wailer Aka Neville O’Riley Livingston, Bunny Livingstong and Jeh B. Together with the other two Wailers, Marley and Tosh, he is a standard bearer of reggae, and was named by Newsweek as one of the 3 most important musicians in music. He identified with the Rastafari movement, as did the other Wailers.

He began by singing some of his own compositions like “Who Feels It Knows It,” “I Stand Predominant” and “Sunday Morning” . Probably the most forgotten Wailer, Bunny sang lead in but in a few songs, like Riding High and Keep On Movin. He also sang lead on Reincarnated Souls.

He and Tosh felt marginalized in the group as Marley started getting more attention. The band broke up and each member began operating under its own label.

I Am That I Am

Peter Tosh

A core member of the band, The Wailers, the reggae musician had a successful solo career and was an active advocate of Rastafari as well.

The Wailers, disliking up tempo ska, reduced their music to a rock steady pace and infused it with social messages of their new found faith. Together with the rest of The Wailers, he wrote songs for Johnny Nash and released the earliest reggae numbers, including Soul Rebel, Duppy Conqueror and Small Axe.

Wild World Maxi Priest

Maxi Priest

A British reggae musician of Jamaican descent, Priest performed reggae with an R and B influence, making reggae fusion popular. He has since become one of the most successful reggae fusion acts of all time.

He was one of only two British reggae acts (the other being UB40) to have a number one song on the American Billboard charts. The number was Close To You. Another of his popular numbers was Set The Night To Music, performed with Roberta Flack.

The Lion Sleeps Tonight Jimmy Cliff

Jimmy Cliff

The only Jamaican musician to hold the Order of Merit, the highest honor bestowed by the Jamaican government for achievement in the arts and sciences, Cliff performs not only reggae well, but is a versatile with pop and rhythm and blues.

Cliff, also an actor, starred in the reggae film The Harder They Come, the soundtrack of which was a huge success and helped to introduce reggae to the world. He also won a Best Reggae Album grammy for the album, Cliff Hanger.

Fly Sugar Ray Featuring Super Cat doing a little deejaying.

Super Cat

Deejay Super Cat, also known as Wild Apache, became famous for using his deejaying skills with reggae numbers. He had a few number one hits, including Don Dada, Ghetto Red Hot and Dem Don’t Worry We in 1992. His remake of Fats Domino’s My Girl Josephine was included in the soundtrack of the film Pret A Porter. He collaborated with artists like The Notorious B.I.G and was featured on the B Side Remix of the album, Dolly My Baby. Teaming up with Sugar Ray on the album Floored, he contributed deejaying skills to the number one hit, Fly.

Reggae music may have spiritual leanings, but its eclectic sound and syncopated “riddim” is easily binds all.

Copyright Michelle Liew Tsui-Lin

All rights reserved


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Thanks, Glim!

    • Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

      Claudia Mitchell 

      7 years ago

      It's funny, I like almost all types of music, but I don't listen to reggae all that much. I really should. Thanks for the inspiration.

    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Thanks, Jackie!

    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Thanks, Elias!

    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Thanks, Audrey!

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 

      7 years ago from the beautiful south

      Great music and the Lion one maybe about my favorite of all time. No matter when I hear it that toes a tapping at the very least. Winner hub! ^

    • Elias Zanetti profile image

      Elias Zanetti 

      7 years ago from Athens, Greece

      Absolutely wonderful hub! Great presentation and informative! Voted and shared!

    • AudreyHowitt profile image

      Audrey Howitt 

      7 years ago from California

      Loved this Michelle--such life affirming music!

    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Reggae would not be the same without them, tebo!

    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Thanks, Janet!

    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Hi Jo! Fascinating music indeed!

    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Hi Jamie! Love this music indeed!

    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Really cool music that was, DDE, and I love Jimmy Cliff's music!

    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      True, Bill! It is fun indeed!

    • midget38 profile imageAUTHOR

      Michelle Liew 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Wow! You went to the Bahamas! That must've been neat. Thanks for sharing with us!

    • tebo profile image


      7 years ago from New Zealand

      An informative hub on Reggae music. I was interested in your details regarding the way various instruments are played with this style of music. Bob Marley and the Wailers were popular in my day and I enjoyed remembering the music.

    • janetwrites profile image

      Janet Giessl 

      7 years ago from Georgia country

      Very interesting to read all the background information about raggae music which is a very enjoyable music. Thank you for sharing this interesting, useful and awesome hub!

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 

      7 years ago from Lincolnshire, U.K

      Oh yes, this is most definitely one to keep. Up all the way and sharing. :)

    • kidscrafts profile image


      7 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

      Raggae music has a great feel to it :-) It has something quite relaxing for me!

      I love the song of Jimmy Cliff, "The Lion Sleeps Tonight"; it brings me back to the broadway show of Lion King!

      Thanks for sharing this great hub, Michelle! Have a great weekend!

      Voted up, interesting and awesome!

    • jhamann profile image

      Jamie Lee Hamann 

      7 years ago from Reno NV

      I love reggae music and you did an excellent job describing its artists and its culture. Thank you. Jamie

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      7 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Celebrating raggae music and musicians, an interesting insight to this aspect of music. I remember songs of Jimmy Cliff from the eighties

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      7 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Raggae music is fun other way to describe it. I learned a lot in this article; thank you!

    • Janine Huldie profile image

      Janine Huldie 

      7 years ago from New York, New York

      I love reggae music and so reminds me of the Bahamas and out honeymoon. This is seriously what they played all day long at the swim up bar pool at Sandals. Great memories and truly loved learning more here today about this!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)