Dr. Seuss: Legendary Children's Book Author
Theodor Geisel is a well-known illustrator, author, animator, poet, screenwriter, cartoonist as well as filmmaker. Writing under the pen name of Dr. Seuss, he published over 60 books. Many of his most popular children's books are considered to be some of the most popular of all time. They have sold more than 600 million copies worldwide. His books have also been translated into over 20 languages.
On March 2, 1904, Theodor Seuss Geisel was born in Springfield, Massachusetts. His mother's name was Henrietta and his father's name was Theodor Robert Geisel. When he was growing up, Geisel's father managed a family brewery. The brewery had to close because of prohibition. Geisel's father then supervised the public park system in Springfield, Massachusetts. This included the local zoo. At a young age, Geisel would often spend happy times drawing the animals at the zoo and working on developing his drawing style. He graduated from Springfield Central High School in 1921.
After he finished high school, Geisel went to Dartmouth College. He graduated in 1925. When he attended Dartmouth College, Geisel was part of the fraternity Phi Epsilon. He also became the editor-in-chief of The Jack-O-Lantern, the Dartmouth humor magazine. This was a time of Prohibition. Geisel and some friends were caught drinking gin in a friend's room. His punishment was to resign from all his extracurricular activities including the college humor magazine. Geisel decided to continue working on the magazine in a way the college's administration wouldn’t know about it. He began signing his work with a pen name; Seuss. A college professor named W. Benfield Pressey encouraged Geisel to continue his writing. Geisel described the professor as a huge inspiration for him.
After he graduated from Dartmouth, Geisel began studying at Lincoln College, Oxford to be an English teacher. During this time, he met his future wife Helen Palmer. She encouraged Geisel to give up pursuing a career as an English teacher. Palmer believed he should try to have a career that involved drawing. She was impressed with his notebooks and how they were always filled with fabulous drawings of animals. Geisel dropped out of Oxford and began traveling around Europe. He met with many Americans who were living in Paris. During this time, Geisel was able to experience a chance meeting with writer Ernest Hemingway.
In February 1927, Geisel eventually returned to the United States. He wanted to make it as a writer or illustrator and started submitting drawings and writings to advertising agencies, magazines, and book publishers. The first time one of Geisel's cartoons appeared in a national publication was on July 16, 1927. It appeared in an issue of The Saturday Evening Post. This inspired Geisel to move to New York City. He was able to get work as an illustrator and writer for a humor magazine. Geisel's first work using his pen name Dr. Seuss was published in the humor magazine about six months after he began working there.
Dr. Seuss Name
Seuss was Geisel's mother's maiden name. He was not a doctor of anything. Starting in 1927, he began using the pen name, Dr. Seuss. The reason is based on Geisel's father always wanting him to become a physician.
One of Geisel's cartoons for the humor magazine in 1928 mentioned a common bug spray. The wife of an advertising executive, who handled the advertising account for the bug spray, told her husband to hire Geisel. After being hired by the advertising firm, Geisel's first advertisement for the company ran on May 31, 1928. It was a huge success and Geisel began to gain notoriety for his work. This created a huge demand that resulted in his work appearing in such national publications as Liberty, Vanity Fair, Life, and others.
Geisel's initial attempt at books was a collection of children's saying that he illustrated. It was called Boners and was published in 1931 by Viking Press. Geisel's first book went to the top of the New York Times nonfiction bestseller list. This resulted in Geisel creating sequels to the Boners book.
Geisel was doing well financially. He and his wife were able to spend significant amounts of time traveling. They were returning from a European ocean voyage in 1936 when Geisel heard the ship's engines. It inspired him to write a poem that became his first children's book called And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street. The manuscript for the book was rejected over 40 times. Geisel was very frustrated and was going to burn the manuscript when he met an old classmate from Dartmouth. He talked Geisel into publishing it with Vanguard Press. Geisel then wrote four more books. In 1938, he wrote and published The 500 Hats of Bartholomew Cubbins. In 1939, he wrote and published The Seven Lady Godivas and The King's Stilts. In 1940, he wrote and published Horton Hatches the Egg.
World War II
To help the war effort, Geisel began making political cartoons for the New York City daily newspaper called PM. The cartoons he published during this time were later published in a book titled Dr. Seuss Goes to War. In 1942, Geisel began more direct support of the war effort. He started drawing posters for the War Productions Board as well as the Treasury Department. Geisel joined the Army in 1943. He was made commander of the Animation Department with the rank of Captain. It was the First Motion Picture Unit in the United States Army Air Force. He wrote films about peace in Europe when World War II was over. During his time in the U.S. Army, Geisel was awarded the Legion of Merit.
In 1947, a film written by Geisel called Design for Death won the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. In 1950 a movie named Gerald McBoing-Boing was based on an original story by Geisel. It was awarded the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film.
Post World War II
After World War II, Geisel and his wife moved to La Jolla, California and purchased an old observation tower. This is where Geisel would spend several hours a day working on his writing. He would take occasional breaks to work in his garden. During this time, Random House published most of his books. It is when he wrote many of his best-known books.
*If I Ran the Zoo was published in 1950
*Horton Hears a Who! was published in 1955
*If I Ran the Circus was published in 1956
*The Cat in the Hat was published in 1957
*How the Grinch Stole Christmas! was published in 1957
*Green Eggs and Ham was published in 1960
*One Fish, Two Fish, Red Fish, Blue Fish was published in 1960
*An Amazing Alphabet Book! was published in 1963
*Hop on Pop was published in 1963
*Fox in Socks was published in 1965
*The Lorax was published in 1971
*Oh, the Places You'll Go! was published in 1990
Cat in the Hat
An article in a 1954 edition of life magazine published a report about children not learning to read because they didn't find their books interesting. The director of the education division at Houghton Mifflin created a list containing 348 words he believed were important to be recognized by first-graders. He challenged Geisel to decrease the list and write a book with those words. Nine months after this challenge, Geisel submitted the manuscript for Cat in the Hat using 236 of the words from the list. This book went on to be one of Geisel's top-selling books.
On September 24, 1991, Theodor Geisel died of oral cancer. He was at his home in La Jolla, California and was 87. His body was cremated and the ashes were scattered by his family.
Dr. Seuss was given several awards for his work.
*Caldecott Medal in 1948, 1950, 1951
*1980 Children's Literature Legacy Award
*1982 Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Program for The Grinch Grinches the Cat in the Hat
*1982 Regina Medal
*1984 Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards
Quotes by Dr. Seuss
Don't cry because it's over. Smile because it happened.
A person's a person, no matter how small.
Unless someone like you cares a whole awful lot, nothing is going to get better. It's not.
Today you are you! That is truer than true! There is no one alive who is you-er than you!
The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you'll go.
I speak for the trees, for the trees have no tongues.
You know you're in love when you can't fall asleep because reality is finally better than your dreams.
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