English Bone China - History & Hallmarks
Vintage English Bone China - History & Hallmarks
English bone china is amongst the finest bone china in the world. Steeped in historical mystique, many potteries are all but forgotten in Great Britain. It was commonplace for a pottery to be bought by a larger pottery. Over time the history of acquisitions can become very complicated and confusing to collectors. I will attempt to clarify those historical acquisitions and unravel the complex relationships of English potteries.
Research is a critical step in the online sales process. When I acquire a new piece of china at auction, I do extensive research on each piece. Over the past two years I have accumulated a vast amount of information about English bone china, including how to identify certain potteries and even how to date some pieces by the style of hallmark. I have some very unique pieces that I have not been able to find for sale anywhere else on the internet. As I research new pieces, I will share my findings with you, so check back often as I acquire new pieces. Most of the pieces discussed here will be available for sale in my catalog and I will provide a link to each item. Emporium Catalog. Visit us at Collectible Treasures Emporium.com our shopping gateway.
What is Bone China?
Josiah Spode, The Father of Bone China
Have you ever wondered where bone china got it's name? Josiah Spode is credited for originating bone china about 1800 in England. The basic formula for bone china has remained the same for two centuries and consists of (6) parts bone ash, (4) parts china stone and (3 1/2) parts china clay. Bone china has many desirable attributes. It is easy to make, does not easily chip and produces a lovely white ivory color.
Josiah Spode began producing pottery in 1761. His early pottery was called creamware because it was a delicate cream-colored earthenware. In the mid 1780's he began making a fine white-glazed earthenware called pearlware which was often covered with a blue transfer print. In the early 1800's Spode pottery took on the simple elegance of the Regency period and often used topgraphical views using a type of transfer printing known as the bat-printing technique. Henry Daniel, of Spode developed new decorating techniques such as enamelling, lustre decoration and basalts. Spode continued to be a dynamic force in the manufacturer of fine bone china. Spode and the later Spode Copeland Hallmarks are helpful tools in identifying the age of a piece of Spode china. The single word SPODE is indicative of china made circa 1780-90.
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Adams (William Adams & Son)
Staffordshire Pottery since 1650
The Adams family had potteries in Staffordshire as early as 1650. At that date two brothers, William and Thomas had separate ventures in Burslem. Today, William Adams and Company, with large potteries in Tunstall is managed by members who are the 11th and 12th generations in direct descent from the original 17th century Adams of Burslem. Read more about the Adams China Co. history in this comprehensive article.
This ironstone plate is Calyx Ware and is in the Ming Toi pattern. The impressed mark ADAMS was used between 1845-1964. Based on the hallmark on the back, this plate is dated pre -1965. This bread and butter plate sells for $9.99 on Replacements.com This plate is available for purchase and is deeply discounted due to the loss of transfer on the rim. $2.99 plus shipping.
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Books on antique and vintage bone china.