ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Who was Horatio Nelson?

Updated on December 3, 2016

Horatio Nelson, Viscount (1758-1805), son of a Norfolk clergyman, joined the Navy as a midshipman at the age of twelve. In his early years he saw service in the West Indies, the Arctic and the East Indies ; though slight of build and delicate looking, he was a captain of a frigate at the age of twenty and already known to his superiors as a brave and dashing officer. He served for several years in the West Indies, where he married Frances Nesbit. a widow, in 1787, and afterwards spent five years on half-pay ashore in Norfolk.

On the outbreak of the war with France in 1793 he was given command of the battleship Agamemnon, and in operations against Corsica he lost his right eye. Serving under Admiral Jervis at the Battle of Cape St Vincent Nelson carried out a brilliant maneuver that led to the rout of the Spanish fleet, but not long afterwards he lost his right arm during an expedition against Santa Cruz in the Canary Islands (1797). When Napoleon sailed for Egypt, Nelson swept the Mediterranean in search of him and eventually found the French fleet at anchor in Aboukir Bay, near Alexandria. He boldly sailed into the Bay at night to destroy the fleet and put an end to Napoleon's dream of an eastern empire.

During two years in command of a squadron in the Mediterranean Nelson fell deeply in love with Lady Hamilton, wife of the British Ambassador at Naples. His love for her, disapproved of by a great many people, lasted to the end of his life. In 1801 at Copenhagen Nelson, with Sir Hyde Parker, destroyed the Danish f1eet to prevent powerful forces joining Napoleon; then, after the Peace of Ami ens (1802), he was able to enjoy his first rest ashore for years.

A year later, when war broke out again, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief in the Mediterranean, hoisting his flag in the Victory, in which he was engaged in a long blockade of Toulon. The French fleet escaped in March 1805, sailed to the West Indies and returned to Cadiz; Nelson, having conducted a long chase in vain , came back to England, but learning the whereabouts of the enemy fleet he re-embarked on the Victory and arrived off Cadiz on 28 September. At last the combined French and Spanish fleets emerged and on 21 October 1805 Nelson brought them to battle off Cape Trafalgar. Just before the action he sent his famous signal, 'England expects that every man will do his duty'. During the hard-fought battle he was fatally wounded, but lived long enough to know that he had won a complete victory. His last words were 'Thank God, I have done my duty'. He was carried home in the battered Victory to be buried in St Paul's Cathedral to the profound sorrow of his sailors and of the nation.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)