INDIAN MUSIC- a Soul of our Indian life
In India, music is our tradition. It is a soul of our life. It has always been an important part of our life. We can hear music in our daily life Weather it is birthday party, marriage ceremony, political campaign, religious festival, Independence Day or Republic day, or just Indian youth listening this for fun. Indian classical music is one of the oldest musical traditions in the world. The lyrics of Surdas, Tulsidas, and most particularly Kabir and Mirabai continue to be immensely popular.
Indian music can be divided in to two parts. First is North Indian (Hindustani) music and second is South Indian (Carnatic) music. Classical music, both Hindustani and Carnatic, may be either instrumental or vocal. The music of India includes multiple varieties of folk music, pop, and Indian classical music. Music in India began as an integral part of socio-religious life.
It is the south Indian classical music. It has developed in the south Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Carnatic music is melodic, with improvised variations, but it tends to have more fixed compositions.
It is originated in North India. Hindustani music was highly influenced by ancient Hindu musical traditions, historical Vedic philosophy and native Indian sounds as well as enriched by the Persian performance practices of the Mughals.
As mention earlier, Music has always been an important part of Indian life. When we talk about music, First thing comes in our mind is Bollywood music. India is world famous for its cinema. Bollywood, as its name suggested, is a combination of Bombay (Mumbai’s old name) and Hollywood. It is often used for all movies produced in India. Bollywood is the center of the Hindi movie industry but in other part of India there are also many regional and local languages movies are made.
Bollywood songs also known as Hindi film songs are songs featured in Bollywood films. Bollywood songs can contain music, dance as well as enduring popular appeal, cultural value and context.Hindi film songs derive its inspiration from both classical and modern sources.
Music in Indian cinema
Music is a significant part of Indian cinema. Alam Ara was the first Indian audio movie which included seven songs. In 1932 the movie “Indra Sabha” was produced which included 69 songs. Nowadays Indian movies can contain six to ten songs in general.
In Indian movie industry, Music Composers are as much important as directors and producers. Indian movies are different than any other countries movies because in Indian movies songs are played as a background sound, rather than part of the dialogue. These songs are sung by professional singers and lip-synced by the actors.
Indian Folk music
In India, its every state and region has its own form of folk music. These forms of folk music are active here from ancient time. We can see the diversities of this music in almost every part of India.
Some popular folk musics of India are:-
Dandiya of Gujarat
Bihu of Assam
Lavani of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh
Rabindra Sangeet (Music of Bengal)
Out of these, there are some other Popular musics also present in India and they are:-
Indian Film music
Rock music of West Bengal
Indian hip hop
The national anthem of India, Jana Gana Mana, was written by Rabindranath Tagore and the national song of India, Vande Mataram, was written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. Both of them belonged to West Bengal and played very important role for uniting India at the time of freedom struggle. After independence, some other songs such as Mile Sur Mera Tumhara and Ab Tumhare Hawale Watan Saathiyo have played an important role for national integration and unity in India.
Current status and impact of Indian music
Indian classical music is very developed and popular in the world. It is the art music of the Indian subcontinent. Current trend of Indian music especially in Bollywood music can be consider as fusion music, where genres such as khyal and western music are intermixed to appeal to a wider range of audience. The language of Hindi songs can be complex. Some Hindi songs include Urdu and Persian words and phrases as well as English words in the songs. The cultural impact of Indian music has worldwide. Indian music along with its film music is spreading all over Indian society and its culture to around the world.
Thus we can say, in India, music is not only a part of our life but also it is a soul of our life. We can’t imagine our life without music. Music is included deep in our life, tradition, culture and even religion. For us, music is not just needed for entertainment purpose but it gives us a hope to live and fly.