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Jazz at the Philharmonic
The Early Recordings
Starting in 1944 and continuing for 13 years, legendary producer Norman Granz put on a series of touring all-star jam sessions that frequently matched together many of the top swing and bop musicians on standards and ballads. The performances were often quite rewarding and consistently exciting. These all-star series were known as "Jazz at the Philharmonic". As for collecting JATP vinyl, while they are not big ticket items but the many reissues and various volumes that were pressed has made the series both perplexing and exciting to pursue.
The first "Jazz at the Philharmonic" album was issued by Moses Asch on his Stinson label with Asch retaining the rights to the tapes, an error that Granz would not repeat in his later dealings. These recordings were first issued on the 78 rpm record format in an album set and later re-issued twice on the new 10" vinyl format, both times the album was issued on a dark, opaque red vinyl record. Volumes 2 and volumes 3 later appeared as 10" albums on Argo Records in 1950. At this point Granz signed a distribution deal with Mercury Records. The first title was "How High The Moon" Mercury MG-35001 which would serve as the first volume of the series from this point on, Granz basically ignored the existence of the Stinson release. Eight more JATPs records followed as part of the 35000 series, these catalog numbers were designated by Mercury exclusively for Granz productions in 1950 which were volumes 4 thru 11 and all were issued on the new 10" vinyl record format
Jazz At The Philharmonic
Jazz impresario Norman Granz was among the first to recognize the inherent possibilities for music in the new 10" vinyl long playing album. This new format, introduced by Columbia Records in 1949 allowed extended performances for the first time, a rather novel listening experience for Jazz aficionados in those heady times. The first releases to take advantage of the new long play format were the "Jazz at the Philharmonic" series or JATP as they were affectionately referred. Introduced in 1950 and essentially in print in one form or another since. "Jazz at the Philharmonic" has played a relatively important role in the development of recorded jazz.
New Vinyl Record Format
Clef Distributed by Mercury
By 1951 Granz had established his own Clef Records to be distributed by Mercury as Mercury/Clef. Naturally the first order of business was to reissue (again) each of the JATP albums how high the moon and Volumes 2-11 were issued as Clef 10" albums in 1951. In lieu of actual catalog numbers each title was numbered MG C-Vol 1 through 11. then followed three new titles volumes 12 13 and 14 in 1953 "How High The Moon" was issued by Mercury as a 12" album, MG C-508 and Clef appeared for the first times as a solo label that is it was simply Clef Records no longer Mercury/Clef and once again each of the titles was reissued as a 10" album carrying the same "MG C-Vol" catalog numbers
in 1954 - 55 Granz issued the JATP series on 12" albums, with each new title being the combination earlier records. That is the new 12" albums had one 10" albums on each of its sides . These were known as "Jazz at the Philharmonic", New Volumes 2 - 7 with new Volumes 2 containing old volumes 2 and 3: New Volume 3 was the old 4 and 5 : New Volume 4 was the old 6 and 14: New Volume 5 was old 7,10 and 11 : New Volume 6 was the old 8 and 9: and New Volume 7 was old 12 and 13.
Each of these new volumes featured a previously used David Stone Martin Album Cover. These were then followed by volumes 15 through 18 boxed three albums sets with new material. Each box featured cover art from DSM and contained a bonus booklet.
"All Or Nothing At All"
In 1956 Granz consolidated his record labels along with Clef he issued albums on Norgran and Down Home into Verve Records and reissued all of the older titles on the new imprint as 12" albums while the first seven volumes kept their old catalog numbers, the three-album sets were now numbered consecutively as JATP, Volume 8 (formerly 15). Volume 9 (formerly 16) Volume 10 (formerly 17) and 11 (formerly 18). These were kept in print by MGM after they acquired the label in 1960. Finally a twelfth volume featuring Ella Fitzgerald was announced and advertised but never materialized.
Vintage Concert Poster Stuttgart, Germany
European Concert Tour
This poster was designed exclusively for the JATP German concert appearances of 1954, which was the third European Tour by Granz' all-star aggregation. "Jazz At The Philharmonic" Concert Poster, First Printing, Stuttgart, Germany, Feb. 19, 1954, designed by Gunther Kieser in A1 Poster Format (approx. 33" by 23").
Billie Holiday at Jazz at the Philharmonic
Don't miss This Hub
- David Stone Martin & The Art of Jazz
This Hub-page explores the album cover illustrations by graphic designer David Stone Martin which includes a great photo log of several DSM album covers.
Jazz At The Philharmonic, vol 2
Jam Session #8
"Jazz at the Philharmonic, vol. 3" 1951
Jazz At The Philharmonic, vol 11 1954
The Gene Krupa Trio "Jazz at the Philharmonic"
Jazz Artist Involved with Jazz At The Philharmonic
*Please Note All Links Are To Wikipedia
Al Killian (trumpet), Howard McGhee (trumpet), Charlie Parker (alto saxophone), Willie Smith (alto saxophone), Lester Young (tenor saxophone), Arnold Ross (piano), Billy Hadnott (bass), Lee Young (drums), Buck Clayton (trumpet), Trummy Young (trombone), Coleman Hawkins (tenor saxophone), Flip Phillips (tenor saxophone), Kenny Kersey (piano), Benny Fonville (bass), Buddy Rich (drums), Dizzy Gillespie (trumpet), Charlie Ventura (tenor saxophone), Mel Powell (piano), J.J. Johnson (trombone), Illinois Jacquet (tenor saxophone), Jack McVea (tenor saxophone), Nat "King" Cole (piano), Les Paul (guitar), Johnny Miller (bass), Shorty Sherock (trumpet), Red Callender (bass), Irving Ashby (guitar), Bill Harris (trombone), Hank Jones (piano), Ray Brown (bass), Jo Jones (drums), Roy Eldridge (trumpet), Tommy Turk (trombone), Charlie Shavers (trumpet), Benny Carter (alto saxophone), Oscar Peterson (piano), Barney Kessel (guitar), Gene Krupa (drums), Ben Webster (tenor saxophone), Herb Ellis (guitar), J.C. Heard (drums), Louie Bellson (drums), Buddy DeFranco (clarinet), Lionel Hampton (vibraphone), Raymond Tunia (piano), Ella Fitzgerald (vocals), Eddie Shu (trumpet, tenor saxophone, clarinet), Bobby Scott (piano), Whitey Mitchell (bass), T-Bone Walker (guitar),
1967 BBC Jazz at the Philharmonic
1960 Jazz at the Philharmonic
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