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Kaiju Classics - Agon: the Atomic Dragon (1968)

Updated on October 11, 2013

In the 1950's and 60's, the modern incarnation of a popular genre of movies and television series emerged in Japan, the tokusatsu. Literally translating as "special filming", tokusatsu series were marked with considerable use of special effects, and often incorporated various science fiction and horror elements. This genre includes such famous and popular franchises as the Godzilla series, the Super Sentai series (the Japanese counterpart to the Power Rangers series), and Ultraman, though any film or series that relied or focused heavily on special effects falls into this category.

One of the more obscure entries of the tokusatsu and kaiju era was a miniseries released by Nippon Television in 1968 known as Giant Phantom Monster Agon, otherwise known as Agon: the Atomic Dragon.

The Backstory

Giant Phantom Monster Agon was produced by Nippon Television Network Corporation and aired on Fuji TV television network from January 2nd, 1968 through January 8th, 1968. The first two episodes were directed by Norio Mine and written by Shin'ichi Sekizawa, while the last two were directed by Fuminori Ôhashi and Kôzô Uchida.

Ôhashi, a protégé of Eiji Tsuburaya's, was also involved with the special effects of the miniseries, from the creation of the Agon suit to the miniatures, and the music score was written by Wataru Saitô.

Filming of Giant Phantom Monster Agon was actually completed in 1964, but Toho Studios prevented Nippon from airing it due to the similarities between Agon and their famed monster, Godzilla. This resulted in a four-year back and forth between the two companies until Toho learned that Ôhashi and Sekizawa, who had written the scripts for several Godzilla films, from Mothra vs. Godzilla to Godzilla vs. MechaGodzilla, was involved in the production. Toho believed that, with those two involved, the chances that they were intentionally trying to copy Godzilla was slim, so they allowed Nippon to air it in the beginning of 1968.

Toho would then, in the 1990's, condense the four episodes of Giant Phantom Monster Agon into a feature-length movie and release it on VHS and DVD as Agon: the Atomic Dragon.

The Cast of Agon: the Atomic Dragon

Gorô Sumoto - Shinji Hirota

Detective Yamato - Asao Matsumoto

Professor Ukyô - Nobuhiko Shima

Satsuki Shizukawa - Akemi Sawa

Monta - Yoshihiro Kobayashi

Agon - Etsuji Higashi


Episode #1

A powerful storm is raging in the dead of night, and a transport vehicle carrying uranium is forced to stop due to a landslide blocking off the road on the mountain pass they were traveling on. As the driver tried to contact the transport's headquarters, a second landslide from the heavy rain comes crashing down onto the vehicle, sending it over the edge of a cliff and into the sea below.

The storm is the result of an intense typhoon striking Japan,leaving hundreds dead and several hundreds more without homes. Reports from the survivors begin to pour in to the City News Division, leaving every reporter on staff manning the phones to take down any new information regarding the storm. One reporter, Goro Ryouji, nicknamed the "Suppon", arrives late, much to the anger of his boss, but he reveals that he's following up on the transport vehicle's crash. He also lets his boss know that the news division's competitors don't know about this yet, so Goro has an exclusive scoop at the time.

The next day, the National Atomic Energy Center and the police have begun to investigate the area near where the vehicle went off the edge. Detective Yamato arrives to ask Dr. Ukyo if there have been any readings of radioactivity, to which the doctor nods and wonders if the vehicle was completely washed to sea. Goro soon arrives, revealing his information on both Yamato and Ukyo before revealing that he knows about the special uranium that it was containing, Uran X. As the three talk, they begin to hear strange roaring noises near the mountainside, which one of the police officers refers to as the "Tengu's Great Trumpet Shell", a large cave that funnels air in such a way to produce the sound.

Goro rushes into the cave to explore it, only to run back out in a panic exclaiming that something has appeared. A strange light appears from the tunnel, which Goro says was a one-eyed monster, but as the four look on in fear, the light goes out, and a young boy with a flashlight, Monta, comes out of the cave. Yamato asks where Monta found the flashlight, and after some coaxing, it is revealed that it was from the transport vehicle and that he found it amongst the rocks.

The monster Agon makes its appearance.
The monster Agon makes its appearance.

Goro and the others suddenly begin to hear a loud noise behind them, likewise noticing that one of the Geiger counters pointed out towards the ocean is reading levels off the scale. As they look out towards the ocean, a large, reptilian creature slowly breaches the surface.

The next day, news of the creature begins sweeping the news, and Goro and Yamato, on their way to the Atomic Research Center to see Dr. Ukyo, begin to wonder why the monster has decided to appear now. As they're making their way towards the center, they are forced to stop when a dog sitting on the road refuses to move out of the way. Goro tries to coax the dog off to the side when a young woman appears and tells Goro that the dog won't let them pass because it has the common sense to know that smoking isn't allowed at the center. Once Goro puts out his cigarette, the dog walks off to the side of the road, and Yamato, joking that Goro lost, drives on, leaving the reporter to chase after him on foot.

Dr. Ukyo arrives and begins to tell him that he has information regarding Agon, the name he has given to the monster. He reveals that it is a mutated dinosaur from the Jurassic period. Believing it to have been dormant under the ocean, Ukyo suggests that the mutation is a result of nuclear bomb tests in the Pacific. The woman from the road, Satsuki Shizukawa, appears, and Dr. Ukyo reveals that she is his research assistant. Just then, she receives a phone call reporting that the center's uranium storage checking meter is showing an abnormality.

Agon makes its way towards the Atomic Research Center.
Agon makes its way towards the Atomic Research Center.

With no issues with the uranium fuel, Goro, Yamato, Dr. Ukyo, Satsuki, and several other scientists make their way towards the beach and begin to pick up high radioactive readings. Dr. Ukyo sends Satsuki to return to the center to alert the authorities, but as Agon appears and begins to tear through the forest, Satsuki falls and her leg gets pinned under a tree.

As Goro and the others reach the Research Center to begin to evacuate the facility, he realizes that Satsuki hasn't arrived.

Satsuki tries desperately to pull her leg free from under the tree, but as Agon approaches, the weight of the creature opens up a large fissure in the ground, and the ground underneath her gives way, causing the scientist to fall down into it.

Agon destroys the center as Goro and the others look on.
Agon destroys the center as Goro and the others look on.

Episode #2

Goro and Yamato rush back to try and find Satsuki, who was knocked unconscious from the fall into the chasm. Goro reaches her first and, with Yamato's help, manages to climb back out with her over his shoulder. As Satsuki regains consciousness, the three look on as Agon reaches the Research Center and begins to destroy it, easily demolishing any building in its path.

The three quickly climb down towards the road and meet up with Dr. Ukyo as the facility is being evacuated. From their safe vantage point, they stop and watch as Agon strikes and cracks open the nuclear reactor of the Research Center, and Goro and Yamato are convinced that the radiation spilling out from it would be enough to kill the monster. Dr. Ukyo though feels that it's too early to tell, and that they shouldn't jump to conclusions so soon.

Several days later, Goro goes and visits Satsuki at the hospital she's in while recovering from her injuries. He tells her that, while it's not certain, it seems that Agon was killed in the explosion of the nuclear reactor, though she's not convinced that it won't appear again. Goro's boss calls him at the hospital and berates him for slacking off rather than pursuing more information on Agon's attack, informing him that Dr. Ukyo had an important announcement that he was going to make later that day.

Dr. Ukyo reveals that he believes that, due to the monster's "birth" from radioactivity, the explosion of the reactor did little more than feed it, and that as long as uranium exists, Agon will continue to try and obtain it. A plan is devised by the military to take advantage of Agon's behavior, luring the monster out from the sea with uranium fuel in order to attack it. The wait for the creature is not long, as Agon quickly surfaces and makes for the fuel.

A squadron of jet fighters make the first attempt to intercept, bombarding the monster while it is still at sea, but their missiles have little effect on it. Agon retaliates with blasts of atomic fire from its mouth, downing several of the jets in the process. Tank and cannon fire from the shore quickly followed, but like the jet fighters, their attacks weren't able to deter Agon as it continued towards land.

Agon crushes a lighthouse.
Agon crushes a lighthouse.

Dr. Ukyo suggests that they all head toward the shore to further examine Agon's behavior, arriving just as the monster strikes down a lighthouse overlooking the ocean. Yamato jumps into the transport vehicle containing the uranium fuel and lets it coast into the sea, jumping out before it careens off the edge. Agon, quickly plucking the wagon from the water, turns back towards the sea.

Goro asks if everything is settled now with the monster, but Dr. Ukyo is convinced that Agon will return, and that they must find some means of a countermeasure before it does.

Episode #3

During a torrential rainstorm out at sea, two brothers are hanging on desperately in their rowboat as it suddenly capsizes from the waves. The two make their way to a small home and ask the owner if they can stay there for the night to brave the storm. The owner lets them in and suggests that they should change into dry clothes, then goes to find them some from a dresser. As the two begin to undress, a gun drops from the waist of one of them, who quickly hides it in a basket.

As the home owner invites them to sit for tea, one of the brothers asks him if he knows of any good divers, to which he replies that he is one. The two tell him that they'll talk more about what they'd like him to fetch from the ocean tomorrow.

The next day, the three make their way out to where they want him to dive, informing him that it's a suitcase that he is looking for. As he makes his way down towards the suitcase, he sees Agon resting near it, and immediately swims back towards the surface. He tells the two that he saw a monster that he is certain was Agon, and that the suitcase was right at its foot. As he tells them that he must go to inform his neighbors, the elder brother insists that he keep things quiet until he salvages their suitcase once Agon leaves, and threatens him with his gun that he do what they ask.

Goro and Satsuki are out fishing when Monta arrives and tells them that it's a terrible place to fish, and goes home to get his fishing rod. When there, he finds his father and the two brothers; the younger one taking him hostage so that his father doesn't try to escape or alert the police.

The three go out to the salvage area again, but with Agon still resting in the area, Monta's father is unable to retrieve the suitcase. The two brothers decide that moving Agon would be the only way to salvage the suitcase, and the elder brother suggests using uranium to lure him away, stealing some from the Fuel Laboratory.

The younger brother cautiously removes a fuel rod.
The younger brother cautiously removes a fuel rod.

That night, the two of them make their way into the laboratory, incapacitating a guard and taking his keys before stealing a uranium fuel rod.

The next morning, Yamato and Goro arrive at the laboratory. Monta's father arrives soon after, telling them that he has information related to the robbery and that the two have his son hostage. He reveals that they took the fuel because Agon was in the area, and Dr. Ukyo quickly reports the monster's location to the military.

Monta's father manages to retrieve the suitcase and brings it back to the brothers, who are convinced that he was lying to them about Agon and plan to keep Monta as a hostage until they escape. Monta's father tries to fight them off, and Goro, having seen him making his way back to shore, arrives to help. As the elder brother pulls his gun on Goro, Yamato quickly appears and disarms him.

Agon firmly clutching the boat in its mouth.
Agon firmly clutching the boat in its mouth.

During the struggle, Monta was set adrift in his father's boat, and it begins floating towards Agon, who has surfaced having sensed the uranium. The miltary begin shelling Agon as it surfaces, but their attacks are unable to injure it. The monster takes the boat and Monta in its mouth, forcing the shelling to cease.

The two brothers, realizing the suitcase is in the boat, decide that they'll need to follow Agon and force it to let the ship go, as the monster, still firmly clutching the boat in its jaws, begins to make its way onto the beach.

The Final Episode

Agon begins to make its way into the village as the military is still unable to attack it with Monta in its mouth. With the Self Defense Force unable to attack the monster and unable to devise a way of saving the boy, Goro suggests that they use a helicopter to fly near Agon and drop down into the boat from a rope ladder to save Monta. Being his idea, Goro nominates himself to be one of the rescuers, but he is rebuked by the commanding officer, saying that it's too risky for an untrained individual. However, the plan will be implemented all the same.

The helicopter approaches Agon.
The helicopter approaches Agon.

Soon, the helicopter approaches Agon, which remains unusually motionless as the rescue crew make their way down to the boat still held within its mouth. Suddenly, the monster swats at the rope ladder and pulls the helicopter down to the ground, destroying it before moving off from the top of the mountain it was sitting on. Agon began to make its way towards Mie City.

Goro is racked with guilt over having suggested the helicopter plan, not only because it resulted in the death of the crew, but also because it enraged Agon, endangering Monta and the city as a result. Satsuki manages to comfort him, telling him that the military chose to follow with his idea because it was the best they had available, and that they need to come up with another plan so that the crew's deaths weren't in vain.

Dr. Ukyo and Yamato decide that, in order to save Mie City, they will lure Agon away using a helicopter with a large quantity of uranium suspended underneath it. Given the distance that the helicopter will need to travel, it is uncertain if it will be able to reach the monster before it reaches the city.

Agon begins to slowly make its way through a steel manufacturing plant, but before it reaches the furnaces, the helicopter manages to arrive and begins to circle it. The monster quickly turns toward the uranium being suspended overhead and begins to follow the helicopter as it is led away from the plant and back towards the ocean. Agon leans down and drops the boat from its mouth as it begins to pursue after its food, freeing Monta from its grasp. Goro and the others quickly rush to him and find him unconscious, but otherwise uninjured.

The two brothers watch as the military find their suitcase, and they decide to make their way towards Agon in order to retrieve it. When it's opened, Goro and the others find that the suitcase is filled with narcotics, likely smuggled from an off-shore ship, and Goro suggests that they give it to Agon. Dr. Ukyo comments that it'd be interesting to see what that effects that narcotics of that quantity would do to the monster, and that it'd likely kill him.

The plan is made to have the narcotics added to the uranium container, and the helicopter lands to make the addition. As it lands, the brothers arrive and, after knocking out a police officer, commandeer the helicopter from Goro and its pilot before taking off again. The two begin to fly in low and taunt Agon, only to be blasted by a stream of its atomic fire before eating them and the narcotics.

Goro and the others look on as Agon returns to the sea.
Goro and the others look on as Agon returns to the sea.

The drugs quickly take effect, and Agon begins to stagger aimlessly through the steel manufacturing factory, catching itself on fire as it destroys the plant's furnaces. Goro, Yamato, and the others watch on as Agon slowly makes its way back into the ocean, its fate uncertain.

The Effects and Music

For being a television miniseries and the budget that the series had to work with, the effects are rather impressive. Although I find the design on the eyes, which are unblinking and have a metallic shine to them, rather poorly done, the majority of the suits and the close-ups are pretty effective, potentially even moreso than some of the contemporaries of the time. The suit is slim and allows for a wide range of movement, but at the same time doesn't look too much like a man in a suit as some other monsters of that time period often look.

The sets and miniatures though are a bit of a different story. While a number of the miniatures, such as the buildings, look convincing enough while standing and as they're being destroyed, a number of the vehicles are decidedly less so. The helicopter prop from the initial rescue attempt looks almost like a solid block of wood or plastic, with no windows or markings in it whatsoever. There are also situations where it's clear that it's being filmed on a set, because shadows on the set can occasionally be seen on the "sky", indicating that it's just a backdrop or wall.

Another issue I have, stemming mainly from the second half of the miniseries, was the issues of scaling. For the last few minutes of the third episode and the majority of the fourth, Agon is shown with a rather small fishing boat in its mouth, maybe twenty feet long, but when shown in its mouth, it seems larger than most buildings that the monster destroys, in turn making it very hard to judge just how large the monster is as a result.

The musical "score" by Wataru Saito, which can best be described as a series of mechanical tones reminiscent of early 50's science fiction scores, was very, very minimalistic and did not really add or detract anything from the miniseries. Most all scenes had no music at all, and the few scenes that do have music don't really benefit from it at all.

Final Thoughts

For a miniseries and not a full length movie, I thought this was rather enjoyable all in all. The pacing is considerably faster than what you'd expect in a feature length movie, as it quickly introduces the monster rather than dragging it out to introduce it later on, and each episode is fairly action packed. Agon itself is a very lively, active sort of monster, and it manages to convey a rather animalistic, primal sort of behavior very well.

If there was one thing that I felt was lacking with this though, it'd be the human characters. I wasn't able to connect with any of them in any way, as they were all very one-dimensional and didn't have much life to them. They served their roles adequately enough, but there wasn't enough depth to them to really make them feel like fleshed out people. Goro was probably the one individual that seemed to have any sort of growth, feeling regret and questioning his behavior when his plan resulted in the death of others, but this growth didn't result in anything different.

If you're interested in a slightly different sort of kaiju "movie", I would recommend this. It's episodic nature makes it feel faster than most movies, with plenty of cliffhangers to keep you looking forward to the next one. Given that it works better as a miniseries than a full length movie, I would recommend the original miniseries version rather than Toho's condensed film.

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