ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Laugh? I Thought I'd Die!

Updated on November 3, 2011

Defining laughter is something that has stumped philosophers for over 2,000 years. However, recent research may finally be yielding some results. Laughing seems to be a natural response in some comical situations. But surprisingly some researchers claim most laughter has little to do with humor.

Robert Provine, a neuroscientist at University of Maryland in Baltimore County investigating the subject says, “It’s an instinctual survival tool for social animals, not an intellectual response to wit. It’s not about getting the joke. It’s about getting along.”

Perhaps, Provine had a point, but in order to test their theories, other scientists conducted laboratory tests using what they referred to as “The muffin joke.” Here it is…There are these two muffins baking in an oven. One of them yells, “Wow, it’s hot in here!” And the other muffin replies: ‘Holy cow…a talking muffin!’

Now, some might find the joke funny and others might not. But the tests concluded it wasn’t so much the joke, but the circumstances under which it was told that determined whether subjects laughed or not. When Provine hit the streets and told the joke to passersby, most didn’t find it very funny. Next, he brought test subjects into a laboratory at the University of Maryland and had them view episodes of “Saturday Night Live” and noted comic, George Carlin routines. The results were the same.

So, once again he returned to the streets, but this time to observe laughable situations. He found 80 to 90 % of laughs came after straight lines like “I know” or “I’ll see you guys later.” However, the laughs were still weak at best. “Laughter is an honest social signal because it’s hard to fake,” Professor Provine says. Provine goes on to explain most speakers, particularly women, did more laughing than their audience. The women used laughing as a way to punctuate their sentences. “It’s a largely involuntary process,” Provine said. “People can consciously suppress laughs, but few can make themselves laugh convincingly.”

A neuroscientist and psychologist at Washington State University, Jaak Panksepp, has also been researching the topic, only with primates and other mammals. He has observed chimpanzees chase and tickle one another as they were playing and discovered even lab rats like to be tickled.

According to Panksepp, when rats are stimulated in this manner they emit a chirp. Of course, it’s inaudible without an ultrasonic listening device. In fact, they keep coming back for more. Professor Panksepp says “Primal laughter evolved as a signaling device to highlight readiness for friendly interaction.” Laughter can also be used cruelly to mock and insult others, but for the most part laughing is a way to become part of group and make friends.

So, how does this all relate to the muffin joke? It was conducted by psychologists at the Florida State University on undergraduate women. They were told they would be participating in interviews studying their spending habits and there would also be a cash prize awarded to a few of the participants. A few would be conducting interviews while others would answer questions. The interviewer was more or less put in a position of authority, the others represented the rank and file. It was revealed the interviewees laughed more often at the muffin joke.

This was followed by yet another experiment. Each watched the muffin joke being told on videotape by a person who would supposedly be assisting her on an assignment, making her “the boss.” Again, there would be a cash reward awarded by the designated boss. In some cases the woman viewing the video tape was designated the boss; in others she was the underling or assistant.

When the woman watching was boss, she didn’t laugh much. However, put in the position of worker she laughed much more.

These results reveal much about human psychology, but it doesn’t tell us everything about why people laugh. Provine adds "Most laughter is not in response to jokes or humor; it has to do with the evolutionary development of laughter."

Steve Wilson, a psychologist and laugh therapist says "Infants laugh almost from birth. In fact people who are born blind and deaf still laugh. So it's not a learned behavior. Humans are hardwired for laughter."

This brings us to the question why hearing other people laugh tends to make us want to laugh as well? “Laughter is social; it's not a solo activity,” says Provine. His research indicates people laugh about 30 times as much when they’re with other people."

It’s been said laughter has many health benefits. It’s also been said, “Laugh and the world will laugh with you.” So, take a prescription of laughter and call your doctor in the morning.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • JY3502 profile imageAUTHOR

      John Young 

      6 years ago from Florence, South Carolina

      Oh, I don't know. Some people think I'm a rat and I like to be tickled.

    • Paradise7 profile image

      Paradise7 

      6 years ago from Upstate New York

      I like the bit about the rats liking being tickled and coming back for more! Who would have thought that?

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)