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Life of Mahatma Gandhi Through Pictures
“The weak can never forgive, Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong”
– Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma (Great Soul) Gandhi or Bapu (Father) is considered as an icon of non-violence and peace. His birthday 2nd October was adopted by United Nations General Assembly on 15th June 2007 as the International Day of Non-violence.
Mahatma Gandhi’s life and teachings has been a great source of inspiration and ideal for some of the greatest personalities of the world. Some of the greatest quotes about this greatest man by some of the most influential personals in history include:
Albert Einstein: “Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth.”
Albert Einstein: “I am absolutely convinced that no wealth in the world can help humanity forward. The example of great and fine personalities is the only thing that can lead us to fine ideas and noble deeds. Can anyone imagine Moses, Jesus or Gandhi with the money bags or Carnegie?”
The 14thDalai Lama: “He is a great man and I am his follower.”
Martin Luther King Jr.: “Christ gave us the goals and Mahatma Gandhi the tactics.”
Barack Obama: “I am mindful that I might not be standing before you today, as President of United States, had it not been for Gandhi and the message he shared with America and the world.”
The list in itself is endless, and shows how Mahatma Gandhi has played an unprecedented role in shaping lives of some of the greatest man of the world.
Time magazine named Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, Cesar Chavez, Aung San Suu Kyi, The 14th Dalai Lama, Benigno Aquino Jr., Desmond Tutu and Nelson Mandela as the Children of Gandhi and his spiritual heirs to non-violence.
Here I present you the life of “The Great Mahatma” through pictures:
Mohandas Gandhi was born on October 2 1869 to Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi in Porbandar State of British India in his ancestral home “Kirti Mandir”.
M.K. Gandhi was married to Kasturbai Makhanji when he was just 13 years old.
Mohandas Gandhi and Kasturba Gandhi had 4 sons: Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas.
On September 1888, Mohandas Gandhi went to London and studied law at University College London.
After finishing his studies, Mohandas Gandhi went to South Africa in 1893 to practice law. Mohandas Gandhi faced much discrimination in South Africa, for once he was thrown out of train because he refused to move from first class to third class though he had first class ticket to travel.
In 1894, he found Natal Indian Congress in South Africa to fight against injustice on Indians in South Africa.
In 1906, he opposed the new law that included compulsory registration of Indians in South Africa, in the long seven year non-violent movement led by Gandhi, many (including Gandhi) were jailed, shot and flogged, eventually forcing the government to make a compromise with Mohandas Gandhi.
Return to India
In 1915, Mohandas Gandhi returned to India. He was warmly welcomed in India for his efforts in South Africa and was invited to speak at convention of Indian National Congress.
Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha
The first movement of Mahatma Gandhi in India was Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha. The landlords (mostly British) here suppressed the poor farmers by giving them measly compensation and keeping the village dirty. Not only this, during the famine, when the farmers were suffering miserably, the land lords proposed to increase tax, which the farmers had no possibility of paying. Gandhi, in this desperate situation, comes to rescue of the village. Mahatma Gandhi builds a ashram and starts gathering support for the village through volunteers. He starts movements to cleaning up of villages, building schools and hospitals; also he starts campaigning against social evils like alcoholism and untouchability which were rampant there. Mahatma Gandhi also gets arrested during that time, but after a long struggle wins the movement, with landlords (through governments guidance) agrees not to increase tax during famine and also increasing farmers compensation and giving them more control over farming.
In 1921, Mahatma Gandhi launches Non-cooperation movement and asks for complete boycott of foreign-made goods. Gandhi asked people to boycott foreign cloths and make their own clothes. He urged the people to leave British educational institutions, law courts, leave government jobs and even forsake government titles and honours. The movement got unprecedented support throughout the country and created huge financial problems for British Government. The movement was withdrawn by Gandhi because of a violence incidence in Chauri Chaura.
In March 1930, Mahatma Gandhi launched Salt Satyagraha, where-in he travelled 241 miles from Ahmedabad to Dandi to defy the British Government’s tax levied on Salt. British Government arrested more than 60,000 people during the movement. It was a very successful campaign and received great support through the country.
Round Table Conference
In 1931, Mahatma Gandhi goes to London to attend "Round Table Conference" to discuss constitutional reforms
In 1942, Mahatma Gandhi launched Quit India movement, calling for complete independence of India.
Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi and other great revolutionaries and leaders, on August 15 1947, India became an independent country with Lord Mountbatten becoming the first Governor-General and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru - the first Prime Minister of the country.
Assassination of The Mahatma
On 30 January 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead while he was going to attend a prayer by Nathuram Godse. His last words were “He Ram (Oh God)”.
The Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru addressed to the nation “Friends and comrades, the light has gone out of our lives, and there is darkness everywhere, and I do not quite know what to tell you or how to say it. Our beloved leader, Bapu as we called him, the father of the nation, is no more. Perhaps I am wrong to say that; nevertheless, we will not see him again, as we have seen him for these may years, we will not run for advice or seek solace from him, and that is a terrible blow, not only for me, but for millions and millions in the country.”
Edward R. Murrow, American broadcaster during Gandhi’s funeral: “The object of the massive tribute died as he had always lived – a private man without wealth, without property, without official title or office. Mahatma Gandhi was neither a commander of great armies, nor ruler of vast lands. He boast no scientific achievements or artistic gifts. Yet men, governments and dignitaries from all over the world have joined hands today to pay homage to this little brown man in the loincloth who led this country to freedom. Pope Pius, the Archbishop of Canterburry, President Truman, Chaing Kai-shek, The Foreign Minister of Russia, The President of France... are among millions here and abroad who have lamented his passing. In the worlds of General George C. Marshall, The American Secretary of State, “Mahatma Gandhi had become the spokesman for the conscience of mankind, a man who made humility and simple truth more powerful than empires.”
Mahatma Gandhi’s body and soul may have left the world, but his teachings and practice continue to inspire the world.
“We need to be the change we wish to see in the world.”
– Mahatma Gandhi