Loretta Young, Sweet Beauty of Hollywood
Loretta Young will forever be remembered as the mother of Clark Gable's illegitimate child but this is doing a fine actress an injustice. She was the first and one of the few top Hollywood stars who successfully bridged the era between silent movies and television and she achieved a success in each media which has not been achieved since.
Her movie career actually started as a child actress before Talkies began. She then had great success in terms of both quality and quantity, in Talkies during the great age of Hollywood, culminating in 1947 with a Best Actress Award for her role in The Farmer's Daughter. After this she entered the new medium of television and garnered three Emmys for the smash hit Loretta Young Show.
She had great beauty and great talent and is rightly regarded as a Hollywood legend.
She was born Gretchen Young in 1913, in Salt Lake City, Utah, the youngest of three sisters and one brother. Her family moved to Los Angeles when she was 3 and her mother ran a boarding house there. Her father shortly after deserted his family and her brother, John, was taken from the family and adopted. All the sisters as they got older helped their mother run the boarding house and all three, helped by an uncle who worked in a studio, became child actors in the burgeoning movie industry in nearby Hollywood.
Gretchen first appeared on screen at four years old, joining her elder sisters, Polly Ann Young and Elizabeth Jane Young (later to become better known as Sally Blane). Then after convent school at age 14 Gretchen made an appearance in Naughty But Nice in 1927. The star, Colleen Moore suggested she change her name and from then on the actress Loretta Young was born. It was the start of a successful career, initially in silent movies such as 'The Magnificent Flirt' and The Head Man, both in 1928.
Her first leading role came in 1929 in Laugh Clown Laugh, with Lon Chaney, one of the last silent era films. The same year she entered Talkies with 'The Squall', and she was signed onto a contract with Daryll Zanuck of Warner Brothers. When Zanuck left Warners for Twentieth Century Fox in 1934, she followed and made many successful films for him.
During the following years Loretta worked diligently at her new profession and made several movies each year. In fact, between 1927 and 1953 she made no less than 88 movies appearing with most of the leading men of the day.
In 1930 she appeared in The Second Floor Mystery with fast-living, hard-drinking actor, Grant Withers, who was divorced and nine years her senior. Later that year she made headlines by eloping with him but the marriage did not work out and was annulled the following year. Loretta privately complained that she had been paying all the bills. The marriage was never mentioned in her official biographies.
Her reputation for quality and hard work paid off and she was given better and better parts but invariably in second rate movies. Nevertheless by the mid 1930s she was regarded as one of the premier leading ladies of Hollywood and as such in 1935 she was chosen to play the female lead in The Call of the Wild with the current undisputed screen superstar, Clark Gable. It would change Loretta's life forever.
- The Wizard of Oz
The Wizard of Oz is a classic, much loved film musical and is generally ranked among the top ten best movies of all-time. Its Oscar winning song, "Over the Rainbow," was almost cut from the film as being too sophisticated for the young Judy Garland.
- Citizen Kane, Movie Masterpiece
The world's most famous and highly-rated film, with many remarkable scenes and innovative cinematic techniques. Its director, star, and producer were all the same remarkable genius - Orson Welles - who was making his film debut at the age of 25.
- City Lights, Charlie Chaplin Shines Bright
City Lights is generally regarded as Chaplin's greatest film and represents the peak of his achievement and reputation. It offers a combination of pathos, slapstick and comedy and shows Chaplin's comic, acting and artistic genius at its finest.
Gable, Children And Marriage
Loretta and Gable had an instant rapport which worked miracles onscreen. It also continued offscreen.
They had a passionate affair, and Loretta became pregnant. At that time all contracted stars had strict morality clauses in their contracts, and it was unthinkable for a female star to have a baby out of wedlock - and the fact that Clark Gable was married made matters worse.
Loretta went to Europe, ostensibly on vacation with her mother, and had the baby, a girl whom she named Judith. She announced to the world that she had adopted the girl. In 1940 Loretta married businessman Tom Lewis, and from then on the child was called Judy Lewis, although Tom Lewis never legally adopted her.
Judy did not discover, until years later, who her biological father was. She herself briefly became an actress before becoming a psychologist and she later wrote a book "Uncommon Knowledge" with the truth of her parentage.
Four years after her marriage to Tom Lewis, Loretta had a son, Christopher Lewis and later another son Peter Charles.
Loretta did not neglect her movie career and she continued to appear in several films each year. In the late 1940s she at last began to see real success.
She was impressive in Orson Welles's 'The Stranger', in 1946, slowy realising that the husband she idolised is a renegade Nazi.
Then in 1947 she received her first Oscar nomination, and win, in the comedy 'The Farmer's Daughter', a movie about a Swedish-born girl who works as a maid for a United States congressman, and eventually becomes a congresswoman herself.
In the the same year she starred in 'The Bishop's Wife', another successful movie which is still a Christmas television favourite to this day. She also received an Academy Award nomination for her role in 'Come To The Stable' in 1949.
As her movie career faded in the early 1950s Loretta turned to the new medium of television. She hosted her own show which ran for a decade and was very popular.
Premiering under the title 'Letter to Loretta', the series was renamed 'The Loretta Young Show' during the first season. Originally, the series was framed as the dramatization of viewers' letters. Each teleplay dramatized a different letter/story/message. Even after the letter device was dropped, Loretta still introduced and closed each story. At the beginning of each episode, she entered a living room set (supposedly her living room) through a door. Turning around to close the door and swirling her designer fashions as she walked up to the camera, Young was consciously putting on a mini-fashion show, and the spectacular entrance became Young's and the series's trademark. Glamour and fashion had been important elements of her film star image, and she considered them central to her television image and appeal.
She opted for the 'anthology' type of programme which allowed her to act as hostess and both showcase her fashionable couture and also deliver moral messages at the end of each programme. Loretta became television's first First Lady, and her popularity now exceeded anything she had known in the movie industry.
The messages at the end of the programme were important to Loretta, who was a strict Catholic. Scripts had to include the resolution of moral dilemmas and carried upbeat messages about family, community, and personal conviction. Numerous civic and religious groups honored her for this. She also won three Emmys, the first in 1955 as best dramatic actress in a continuing series.
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Loretta and Tom Lewis divorced in 1969 and then, to the surprise of her friends and family, Loretta, in 1993 at the age of 80 years, got married again, this time to fashion designer Jean Louis, 5 years her senior. Jean Louis died 4 happy years later.
Loretta Young died on August 12, 2000 at age 87 due to ovarian cancer.