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MGR, The Great Memorable Celebrity of Tamil Nadu in India
MGR, In fact this is the word which has been most familiar for many generations of people in Tamil Nadu, India. He was such a great celebrity who won the hearts of milloins and millions of all age group of people in the state of Tamil Nadu. MGR, the full name is Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran, was a talented film actor and politician and attained great popularity both in political and cine field. He was born on17.01.1917 at Nawalapitiya near Kandy of present Sri Lanka as the son of Shri Gopala Menon and Shrimathi Sathyabama. His family was so poor that he struggled even to meet the basic needs of life. He married three women namely Bargavi, Sathanandavathi and V.N.Janaki at different periods of his life.
MGR, The Veteran Actor of Tamil Cinema
MGR was indeed great actor of Tamil film industry. In fact no other actor in the Tamil cinema industry had attained as popularity and fame as MGR had reached. His very first Tamil film was Satileelavathi which was directed by the American born director named Ellis Dungan in the year 1935. In 1960s and 1970s he had been the most famous Tamil film actor and the people of Tamil Nadu became addicted to see his every acted film. Malai Kallan gave a great turning point to MGR and later he acted in more than 100 films and some of his famous films based on historical stories were Nadodi Mannan, Madurai Veeran, Mannathi Mannan, Arasa Kattalai, Mandhiri Kumari, Kanchi Thalaivan and so on. He also showed his extraordinary performance in other commercial films including Enga Veetu Pillai, Pattikata Pattanama, Rickshakaran, Anbe Vaa, Ayirathil Oruvan, Mattukara Velan, Nalla Neram, Chandrothayam, Olivilakku, Kavalkaran, Neerum Neruppum, Nam Naadu, Kalankaraivilakkam, Dharmam Thalai Kakkum, Neethikku Thalai Vananku, Nalai Namadhe, Nan Yen Piranthen and these were some of the box office hit movies released that time. MGR played opposite different then popular actresses such as Banumathi, Saroja Devi, Jeyalalitha, Latha, K.R.Vijaya, Padmini and so on. The film Rickshakaran fetched him National Film Award for the best actor.
MGR As An Actor
MGR, The Most Successful Politician
MGR had been in the Congress party until 1953 and later became the prominent member of DMK under the leadership of Arignar C.N.AnnaDurai, the founder of the party. In the year 1962 he had been the Member of Legislative Council and later in 1967 he was elected as Member of state Legislative Assembly from St. Thomas Mount constituency. During 1967 State Assembly election, Dr.C.N.AnnaDurai asked MGR and Dr.Kalaignar, the present CM of Tamil Nadu to work for the success of DMK party and the removal of the then ruling party Congress from Tamil Nadu. The people of Tamil Nadu were attracted by both MGR and the eloquent speeches of Dr.Kalaignar and gave massive support to the DMK party. In that election MGR was elected as Member of Legislative Assembly from St.Thomas constituency of Tamil Nadu. After the demise of the then CM of TN, Dr.Aringnar AnnaDurai, MGR became the treasurer of DMK party which was lead by Dr.Kalaignar Karunanidhi, the current CM of TN.
After few years of his political life, he formed his own new party named Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam on account of misunderstanding with Dr.Kalaignar Karunanidhi. During 1977 State Assembly Election his party ADMK got the great support of the people of Tamil Nadu and he was first designated as CM of Tamil Nadu. In that election he was elected as Member of Legislative Assembly from Aruppukottai consituency. MGR was designated as CM of TN for three times and elected as Member of Legislative Assembly for five times in his political life.
Specialty of MGR As An Actor And Politician
As an actor MGR attracted mass of people by acting only in positive roles. Always he preferred to appear as a service minded and revolutionary hero in most of his acted films. He never exposed himself as a smoker or drunkard on screens. Also he used to avoid antihero subjects. In his every movie he wanted to tell a message to the people. He had his own acting style and acted as an affectionate son of parents, sincere and cute lover of heroine, courageous hero fighting for justice and gurdian for the poor people and children. For these reasons he owned a great mass of Tamilians as his fans and followers.
When he was in power in the year 1977, he served as far as possible for the welfare of poor people in the society. He loved and respected old poor people and implemented many schemes to help them. The other great thing which he was archived by him during his ruling period was 'Nutrition Scheme' in which many lacs of young school children were benefited. He is also interested on encouraging talented people in different fields including cinema, music, circus and sports. Fifth World Tamil Conference was successfully conducted in the year 1981 at Madurai city of Tamil Nadu when he had been in power.
The End of MGR, The Great Era!
MGR became seriously ill in the year 1984 as he needed a kidney transplantation and admitted at Downstate Medical Center of Brookelyn in US. During that period lacs and lacs of his fans and followers in TN sincerely prayed for him. He returned back to his office safe. However, he died on December 24th of 1987 due to massive heart attack. The people from various parts of the country healed up at Chennai to pay the homage to their beloved leader. Then Government of Tamil Nadu constructed a monument of MGR which has been located at Marina Beach of Chennai in India.