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Uttar Pradesh has been the home of Indian music and theatre

Updated on March 31, 2015

Most of the major Hindi poets of Bhakti kal-Tulsidas, Surdas, Kabir, Rahim,


The Jaunpur School of miniature paints from the 15th century

Utter Pradesh has been the home of India music and theatre (Agra, Banaras, Lucknow have all their own individual gharanas). Kathak, Raas, Nautanki, Hori, all the Principal dance and music forms of north India, were born and brought up in this state. Most of the major Hindi poets of Bhakti kal-Tulsidas, Surdas, Kabir, Rahim, Ramanuj, Malik Mohammad Jayasi –and almost all the poets and authors of Ritikal –Bihari, Keshadvas and others- came from Utter Pradesh, lived in Utter Pradesh, loved and wrote of its land, people, flora and fauna. The entire development of Hindi literature tool place in Utter Pradesh right down to the times and works of Bharatendu Harish Chandra, Prem Chand, Jai Shankar Prasad, Nirala, Mahadevi Verma, and Sumitra Nandan Pant.

Hindi literature in Awadhi, Brajbhasa and khariboli has been one of the major contributions of this region to the country. Ghalib, Mir, Anees, Nazir Akbarabadi, Asar, Fani, Mazhar, Hasrat Mohani, Josh Malihabadi, Firaq, Mijaz, Jigar Moradabadi-almost all the major poets of Urdu literature in the last few centuries were proud of belonging to Utter Pradesh, as symbolized by this one line: luck now hum per fida hai; hum fidae Lucknow (Lucknow is in love with us, and we with it). The centers of Urdu poetry and literature in Utter Pradesh were Lucknow, Agra, Banda, Jaunpur and Farrukhabad.

The Jaunpur School of miniature paints from the 15th century onwards illuminated and illustrated, through miniatures, books such as kalpasutra and the Geeta Govind. According to William Archer, the Jaunpur School, which flourished during the 15th and 16th centuries in the Court of Sultan Husain Saha of Jaunpur, contributed to Indian painting, the exquisite sharp precision in the delineation of the contours of the human body, both male and female, in a distinctly elegant and sophisticated manner. The large breasts, the sweeping hip on the back, the proud curve of the haunches in these paintings are elements of sensual charm.


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