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Not so common Film Industries

Updated on August 8, 2016
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Besides writing, Felishiya Fiamma is also into choreography & web development. She currently speaks Hindi, English, Spanish & little French.


Hollywood is the largest and oldest film industry in the world. It is a home to United States films and shows. It has major film studios which are primarily sources of the most successful and highest grossing movies, Titanic, Avatar and Gone with the Wind. Currently, Hollywood annual gross is more than $13 billion.The name "Hollywood" was discovered by H.J. Whitley, who is also known as the "Father of Hollywood".


Bollywood is the second largest film industry in the world next to Hollywood. It is famous for its different styles and various energetic cultures that are shown in the movies. There is no doubt that Bollywood has greater diversity than any other film industry that exist in the world even more than Hollywood. It is located in Mumbai. Unlike Hollywood, Bollywood does not have any physical existence. It was named after Bombay (old name of Mumbai) and Hollywood.

Besides Hollywood and Bollywood, have you ever heard of Yeşilçam, Nollywood, Kallywood, Lollywood, Tollywood, Kollywood, Sandalwood, Mollywood? If no, then read further to know about them. If yes, then please tell me more if I miss something important.


  • Yeşilçam or Cinema of Turkey, also called as "green pine", is a prominent division of Turkish culture. Its films and video production are quite famous in Turkey, Europe, Arab world and some parts of United States.
  • Its first movie was released during the rule of Ottoman Empire, named as L'Arrivee d'un train en gare de La Ciotat (which means The Arrival of the Mail Train) by Lumiere Brothers in 1895. It was a silent movie.
  • The name "Yeşilçam" came from the Yeşilçam Street of Beyoğlu district in Istanbul. The place was said to be a hub of most of the studios, crew members, directors and actors.

Distant, The Bride, Dry Summer, Motherland Hotel and The Girl with The Red Scarf are some of the best movies of the Turkish cinema. The annual gross is around $250 million.


Nollywood, sometimes referred to as Cinema of Nigeria (Naija), is a not so old film industry. It came into picture during late 19th century and later developed into four main eras:

  1. Colonial era (1900-1950, when it was under control of British colonial Government).
  2. Golden Age (1951-1986, when Nigerian Film production was officially organized).
  3. Video film era (1987-2010, when films were started to be generated in better video format).
  4. New Nigerian cinema (2011-present, emerging phase of Nigerian Film Industry).

Mr. & Mrs., Figurine, Last Flight to Abuja, Aramotu and Maami are some of the best and highest grossing movies of Nollywood. The annual gross of Naija (Nigeria) movie industry is around $800 million.


  • Kallywood is a name given to Cinema of Nepal also called as Nepali Chalchitra, which means Movies of Nepal in English.
  • Unlike other film industries, Kallywood does not have long historical roots and has its first movie released in 1951 by the name Satya Harishchandra, which was produced in India.
  • The first movie to be produced by Nepal film production was Aama (means mother in English).
  • During Maoist revolution in Nepal, the filmmaking came to a standstill and many actors and other film members had to leave the country to find a job.
  • It was not before 2006 when the situation got better and the presence of film production was felt again. Nepal is famous for its vast diversity in culture, natural beauty and geography that helped it to attract many foreign filmmakers to shoot at this location.

Darpan Chaya, Loot, Kohinoor and Hostel Returns are the best and highest grossing movies of Cinema of Nepal (Kallywood).

As it is still progressing, its annual gross is not more than $2 million.


  • Lollywood is another name for Cinema of Pakistan. In this, L stands for Lahore.
  • The first sudio, in Lahore, was set up by Abdur Rashid Kardar, also called as A R Kardar.
  • The origin of this cinema is in India, where Lollywood filmmakers started shooting films based on then trending news and produced many silent films as well.
  • After Pakistan got independence, Lahore was the only centre for film production. Later on, the cities of Karachi and Peshwar also became the centres of film production and shooting.
  • Their first film was entitled Teri Yaad, which was released in 1948.

War, Bol, Na Maloom Afraad, In the Name of God and I am Shahid Afridi are best rated movie of Lollywood. Its annual gross is around $500 million.


  • Tollywood is another name for Cinema of Taiwan. The name is also used for referring Cinema of West Bengal in India.
  • The films are funded by Taiwanese government under strict criteria. Also, in recent years, Tollywood has been supported by many filmmakers out of which, the Chinese-Malaysian director Tsai Ming-Liang has gained wide popularity there.
  • From early cinema in 1900 till 2010, Taiwanese Cinema had seen many ups and downs due to Japanese rule, martial law and Chinese civil war. After all, Taiwanese film industry was still able to attract many directors and actors who were ready to work for it.
  • At present, Cape No. 7 is the best and highest grossing movie of Tollywood in its entire film history.

Besides Cape No. 7, Seediq Bale, David Loman, You are the Apple of my Eye and Our Times are few among the highest grossing movies of Tollywood. Its annual gross is around $150 million.


  • Kollywood is another name for Tamil Cinema and is known for contributing very high gross to the Indian Cinema. Its movies are produced in the Tamil language.
  • It is the first ever film industry of India and said to have the oldest surviving studio by the name, AVM Studios.
  • In 1916, R. Nataraja Mudaliar produced the first silent movie of the Tamil Cinema by the name Keechaka Vadham (which means, The Extermination of Keechaka).
  • Rajinikanth, the legendary and most famous superstar of India, belongs to Kollywood (Tamil Cinema).

Kabali, The Crow's Egg, Bahubali: The Beginning, Sivaji and 24 are few of the best and evergreen movies of the Kollywood. Its annual gross is around $250 million.


  • Another part of Indian cinema, Sandalwood is also referred to as Kannada cinema and Chandanavana and has movies released in Kannada language.
  • Some of its movies are also known and watched by people in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany and Australia.
  • Most of the movies of Sandalwood are globally acknowledged and have received many awards at international platforms such as Chomana Dudi (Choma's Drum), Kaadu (Forest) and Samskara as well as Ghatashraddha, which means The Ritual.

Movies such as Killing Veerappan, RangiTaranga (Colorful Wave) and Dandupalya have taken Kannda Film Industry to international heights. Its annual gross is around $70 million.


  • Yet another contribution to Indian cinema, Mollywood is a name given to Malayalam Film Industry. This cinema is better known for its technical finesse and craft.
  • Besides India, Malayalam films are also released in the United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, United States and Persian Gulf.
  • Many of its films have won awards at different film festivals such as Elippathayam (The Rat Trap) was awarded with Sutherland Trophy during London Film Festival.
  • Mollywood is known for producing neorealistic, 70mm, 3D and live-action as well as animation related films.

Grand-master, Guru (The Teacher), My Dear Kuttichattan, Pazhassi Raja and Amma Ariyan (What I want my Mother to know) are said to be the landmark of Mollywood. Its annual gross is nearly $90 million.


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