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How to Approach Guitar Soloing on a Single String

Updated on July 14, 2015
Guitar Wizard profile image

Music School Owner, Recording Artist, Guitarist, Composer, Performer & Educator. My goal is to make good music, make and keep good friends.

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Learn a Scale Immediately

Learning to play a scale on a single string is the most visual way of seeing the interval makeup of a scale plus it is an effective way to improvise.

For example take the intervals of a Dorian minor scale:

whole-half-whole-whole-whole-half-whole

If you wanted to play in A Dorian minor on the E string you would start at the 5th fret and play

5-7-8-10-12-14-15-17 (A B C D E F# G A)

This is a one octave scale. If you want to keep going higher repeat the interval pattern. If you go lower play the pattern in reverse:

whole-half-whole-whole-whole-half-whole

This is useful on the B string since the A is at the 10th fret.

That would be:

10-8-7-5-3-1-0 descending and 10-12-13-15-17-19-20 ascending

The starting note A on all of the strings:

  • E-5th
  • B-10th
  • G-2nd
  • D-7th
  • A-open
  • E-5th

Improvise Right Away

Start with the basic idea of different rhythms and pauses on one or two notes and work your way up and down the neck.

Apply these techniques

  • slides
  • intervals
  • hammer-on (HO)
  • pull-off (PO)
  • HO PO combinations
  • trills
  • sequential patterns
  • bends
  • vibrato
  • tapping
  • octaves

Slides

Sliding from one note to the next is a natural sound on fretted instruments. Not only should you slide from adjacent scale tones (2nd intervals) but also practice skipping notes. See intervals.

Intervals

Sliding, Hammer-On, Pull-Off, Bending and just going there are ways to get from note to note. Regardless, going from one note to another is some kind of interval.

  • 2nd - adjacent fret
  • 3rd - skip 1 fret
  • 4th - skip 2 frets
  • 5th - skip 3 frets
  • 6th - skip 4 frets
  • 7th - skip 5 frets
  • 8th - skip 6 frets (octave)

Hammer-On/Pull-Off

Hammer-on or pull-off to adjacent notes as you move horizonatally across the finger board. Also try skipping a note (3rds) or, if you can reach skip 2 notes (4ths).

Try combinations like a hammer-on then pull-off in one pick. (5 hammer to 7 pull to 5)

A trill is when you hammer/pull many times in a row.


Sequential Patterns

Playing notes in groups, for example 3 in a row, then moving horizontally is very easy when jamming on one string.

Frets 5 - 7 - 8, followed by 7 - 8 - 10 then 8 -10 - 12 etc.

Variation:

Fret 5-7 slide to 8, then 7-8 slide to 10 etc

Reverse:

Fret 12-10-8, followed by 10-8-7, 8-7-5 etc

Adding in hammer ons, pull offs slides and vibrato as well as rhythmic variations makes this an easy way to sound good.

Bends

Playing on one string you can see whether you have to bend a whole step or 1/2 step to get the right pitch.

If you are on fret 5 and the next note is fret 7 then you bend a whole step.

If you are on fret 7 and the next note is fret 8, then you bend a 1/2 step.

Comments

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    • ladyguitarpicker profile image

      stella vadakin 2 years ago from 3460NW 50 St Bell, Fl32619

      Very helpful, I will let my beginners try this out. I like to find new things to keep them interested. Thanks

    • Guitar Wizard profile image
      Author

      Mark Edward Fitchett 4 years ago from Long Beach

      Can't wait to hear you mubashirt005

    • profile image

      mubashirt005 4 years ago

      Thankzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz dude

    • Guitar Wizard profile image
      Author

      Mark Edward Fitchett 4 years ago from Long Beach

      Thanks. Goodrick's lessons are always outside the box and great.

    • Act 3 profile image

      chet thomas 4 years ago from Athens, GA

      Good information, and the video adds a lot. I remember a Mick Goodrick book that was based on this linear approach to soloing as opposed to going across the strings and fretboard.

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