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Star Trek: a trek through the history of the popular franchise

Updated on March 19, 2012

The original crew of the starship Enterprise

Gene Roddenberry

The Starship Enterprise

The Next Generation of Trek


The Star Trek franchise is one of the most popular and enduring of all TV and film franchises, still going strong (A new film is in the works) nearly 50 years after its inception in 1965. Star Trek has gone from television to cartoons, novels, comic books, video games and films. Many of the character names have become an iconic part of pop-culture. The space shuttle Enterprise was named in honor of the space vessel from Star Trek. The whole concept of the sci-fi convention was begun by the fan-created ‘Trek’ conventions of the early seventies. Few franchises can claim to have had the impact that Star Trek has on mass culture.

Star Trek began as the brainchild of Eugene Wesley Roddenberry, AKA Gene Roddenberry. (1921-1991)

Gene Roddenberry was a second-generation police officer and a veteran of World War Two. He had always dabbled in writing and often penned speeches to the press for his superiors. As a bored LAPD desk sergeant at his precinct; he began writing ‘spec scripts’ (unsolicited speculative scripts) for TV shows. He sold his first script to the show Highway Patrol, because they were impressed with his inside knowledge of the working of police procedure. He sold a few more scripts to the program, which helped him get a job on the writing staff of the western show Have Gun; Will Travel (1957-1963) using the pseudonym Robert Wesley.

While working on Have Gun; Will Travel, Roddenberry successfully pitched an idea for a military-themed drama series called The Lieutenant (1963-64). This was his first shot at being a head writer/producer. The show starred a pre-2001: a Space Odyssey Gary Lockwood, as well as a pre-Man from U.N.C.L.E. Robert Vaughn and a pre-Six Million Dollar Man Richard Anderson.

The show did well critically. The ratings were fair but not outstanding, due to some tough competition in the time slot from The Jackie Gleason Show, and a general feeling of disapproval from the public regarding the military since this was during the Vietnam War. When co-star Robert Vaughn left after the first year to star in The Man from Uncle, the network canceled the Lieutenant after only one season. (Trivia footnote: It was on the show The Man from Uncle that future ‘Trek’ stars William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy would meet for the first time.)

After the commercial failure of the Lieutenant, Roddenberry had a hard time pitching his new concept for a TV series, especially since this new project was science fiction—a genre which had very little respect at the time, unless it was written by Rod Serling. Roddenbery pitched the idea around to several studios, trying to make the idea sound more palatable by describing it as “Wagon Train in Space” (The western show Wagon Train had been very popular at the time.) He met with a lot of rejection.

What few people know is that it was Desi Arnaz (of I Love Lucy fame) who saved the day and helped give birth to Star Trek. Arnaz and his wife Lucille Ball owned Desilu Studios and Arnaz decided to bank on the show. Making a deal with NBC to air the program on their network (Lucy had a lot of clout with networks, who all wanted to work with her in any capacity) Star Trek got the green light to begin production.

Roddenberry envisioned Star Trek as being different from the usual Space Opera fare of Flash Gordon, Buck Rogers and other previous sci-fi franchises. He wanted his show to be an idea show, which would act as a metaphor for the turbulent social conditions of the 1960s. (The Vietnam War, the civil rights conflicts, women’s lib, the “hippie” culture, etc.) He didn’t want one-dimensional bad guys like Ming the Merciless. He thought the villains should all have shades of gray. His goal with Star Trek was to be an observation on what humans are doing wrong now and what they should do right in the future.

The premise of the show…It’s the 23rd century and the Earth is part of a huge, intergalactic alliance known as the United Federation of Planets. Despite being an organization of peace and exploration, the Federation also has a military wing, however, called Star Fleet, composed of a fleet of 12 powerful space-crafts known as Starships. The Starships have a dual purpose; to protect the planets and colonies of the Federation; and to explore space, trying to find new worlds and new civilizations; “to boldly go where no man has gone before”. The flagship of the Federation is the Starship Enterprise, which is the vessel the main characters of the show will travel in.

Roddenberry cast popular actor Jeffery Hunter (The Searchers, King of Kings) to star as the ship’s captain, Christopher Pike. Majel Barrett (the future Mrs. Roddenberry) was cast as the unnamed First Officer, only referred to as ‘Number One’. A supporting cast character was the alien programmer of the ship’s advanced ‘Library Computer’; this pointy-eared crewman was known as Mr. Spock from the planet Vulcan. Spock was played by Leonard Nimoy.

The first pilot episode of Star Trek was called “The Cage”, and was completed in 1965. It was a thought-provoking metaphorical narrative about slavery and the treatment of third world people by industrialized governments. Although it was a very good script, it wasn’t what NBC or Desilu wanted. They wanted more Flash Gordon-like adventure and some Outer Limits-type monsters.

Although the pilot was rejected, NBC made the surprising move of commissioning a second pilot, something that had never before been done in the history of TV. Roddenberry was amazed to get this unprecedented second chance. He wrote a new, more action-oriented script called “where No Man Has Gone Before”.

He immediately hit a setback when Jeffery Hunter pulled out, due to film commitments and a lack of confidence in the future of Star Trek. Roddenberry had to re-write the role of the captain. While he was at it, he started from scratch and created all new roles/characters, except for that of Mr. Spock, who Roddenberry saw as crucial to the series. There had to be an alien crewman there to symbolize the universal brotherhood of man, he felt. Nimoy was the only cast member to carry over from the original pilot. (Except for Roddenberry’s new girlfriend Majel Barrett, who got the recurring role as Nurse Chapel on the show.)

The part of the new captain, who was renamed Captain James Kirk, went to a young actor named William Shatner, who had appeared in the film Judgment At Nuremberg, and had a successful turn on Broadway in “The World of Suzie Wong”. He had also appeared in two episodes of one of Roddenberry’s favorite shows, The Twilight Zone.

Other cast members included ship’s engineer Mr. Scott (James Doohan), Helmsman Mr. Sulu (George Takei) and communications officer Lt. Uhura (Nichelle Nichols). The guest star in the new pilot episode was Gary Lockwood, who had starred in the Lieutenant.

NBC liked the new pilot and so Star Trek was officially scheduled for the 1966-67 TV season.

When the show went to series, a new ship’s doctor was cast, replacing the actor from the pilot. Veteran character Deforest Kelly was cast as Dr. Leonard McCoy. (Trivia footnote: McCoy was only meant to be a minor character at first but everyone responded so well to his comical repartee with Nimoy’s Spock character, that his part was increased until he was given third billing, and his name joined Shatner and Nimoy in the opening credits.)

When the show debuted, it got mixed reviews, although Nimoy got almost universal acclaim for his portrayal of Spock, getting two Emmy nominations. One TV critic suggested that the show would benefit if Captain Kirk were killed off and Spock became the Captain. (This article reportedly infuriated Shatner, who some say was a bit of a male diva on the set of the show. Shatner admitted his insecurities years later.)

Star Trek never did particularly well in the ratings during its original run. Sci-fi was not popular then, (Pre-Star Wars) and many thought the show was “too preachy” at times. Shatner’s acting was often criticized for being too over-the-top, and the effects were sometime limited by the budget. It just never seemed to catch on with fans of the day.

Considering the show was fairly expensive to make, NBC considered cancelling it after the first season, but it was a plea from a group of noted sci-fi writers organized by Harlan Ellison (Who wrote the most-popular 'Star Trek' episode The City on the Edge of Forever) that changed the network’s mind. Ellison and the others argued that there was too little meaningful sci-fi on TV to counter the cheesy, silly stuff like Lost in Space. NBC gave ‘Trek’ another chance.

The second season of Star Trek (67-68) is considered its best period by fans but the ratings did not go up. Not even the addition of new cast member Ensign Chekov helped. (Triva footnote: Although Roddenberry claimed to have added Chekov to appease Russian fans who complained that the lack of a Russian on the ship was disrespectful--because Russians originated the space race--that was just an excuse. He was really trying to get younger fans--and females in particular--to watch the show by casting Davey Jones look-alike Walter Koenig in a Beatle’s wig, to cater to fans of the trendy show the Monkees.) However, the show’s production costs did go up, which infuriated the network.

NBC announced the cancelling of Star Trek at the end of the second year. This led to the now famous write-in campaign led by Betty Jo “Bjo” Trimble. Trimble was a huge sci-fi fan who contributed artwork to sci-fi magazines like ‘Astonishing Science Fiction’. She started the Los Angeles Science Fiction Society in 1958. She was a rabid fan of Star Trek and so when the series was scheduled for cancellation, she organized the massive “Save Star Trek” letter writing campaign. As a result of her efforts, NBS received thousands of letters threatening to boycott the network if it dared cancel ‘Trek’. NBC changed their minds once again. In another unprecedented move, the president of the Network appeared on TV just before what would have been one of the last ‘Trek’ reruns, to announce that the show had been renewed for a third season.

Before the third season began, Gene Roddenberry decided to take some time off. He was exhausted from over two years of working 12-16 hour days, 5 or 6 days a week. He had just married Majel Barrett Roddenberry and he wanted to relax for a while and enjoy being married. He stood down from his post as head writer and show-runner. While he was still listed as Executive producer, it was in name only and his contribution was only in an occasional advisory capacity.

The network and the show’s new producer Fred Freiberger didn’t seem to know what to do with the show. It’s generally acknowledged by even the most devoted fans that the quality of the show dropped considerably without Roddenberry’s guidance. Also, NBC shoved the show in the ‘Death slot’ of 10pm on Friday nights; a time slot which has killed many a show. The rating for ‘Trek’ plummeted during the disappointing third season and nothing could save the show now. Star Trek was officially and permanently cancelled in 1969.

But this was still not the end. The moon landing in 1969 suddenly made science fiction seem less fictional and it gained some credibility, as well as a lot of sudden interest. People began to discover Star Trek during its reruns and the public started to appreciate it in a way that it hadn’t during the initial run. In the early 1970s, Star Trek was the most watched rerun of its day, getting higher ratings in syndication than it had during its prime time days. This led to the Star Trek animated series and the Star Trek comic books. ‘Trek’ merchandise became big selling items in stores. Star Trek novels soon appeared and parody rip-offs of the show were becoming common.

The first ever Star Trek convention was held in New York in 1973. The original cast agreed to appear (Most of them were having trouble finding post-Trek work, except for Nimoy, who moved on to the role of Paris in the show Mission Impossible.) It was a fan-organized event and they couldn’t pay the cast to appear, so all they could do was to supply the airfare and hotel accommodations. The event was expected to draw about 200-300 people but surprisingly, over 3,000 people overwhelmed the hotel ballroom where the convention was being held. The success of this event led to annual ‘Trek’ conventions, which later became monthly and—at the peak its popularity in the 80s/90s—bi-weekly. Conventions were held all over the country. The concept of the sci-fi convention spread and is a commonplace event now for all popular franchises and genres.

Roddenberry, who hadn’t been able to sell a new series to the networks in the seven years following the cancellation of "Star Trek", pitched a new/old idea for a series called Star Trek: Phase Two. The spin-off show would pick up the continuing voyages of Captain Kirk and his crew. Paramount Pictures bought the idea and the show went into a pre-production period in 1976. Most of the cast—still struggling to find steady work—agreed to appear in the new show; all except for Nimoy, who was busy hosting the TV show In Search Of”, as well as appearing in a one-man stage show ‘Vincent’ about Van Gogh, and was also in the process of writing his autobiography ‘I am not Spock’ which would become a best-seller. He couldn’t fit the show into his schedule so Roddenberry decided to proceed without him. Roddenberry was going to introduce a new Vulcan character for the show (Spock 2.0, basically.)

Roddenberry was busy from late 1976-mid 77 trying to get his series ready for the 78-79 season. However, plans changed when the mega-hit sci-fi classic Star Wars debuted in theaters in 1977, shattering all box office records. There had never been a sci-fi monster hit like that before and suddenly every studio was rushing to churn out films to cash in on the popularity of George Lucas’s sci-fi opus. Films with names like Star-Crash, Battle Beyond the Stars and Battlestar: Galactica were popping up, all hoping to be the next Star Wars. Paramount decided that it would take advantage of the name recognition of the ‘Trek’ franchise to put out its own entry in the “Who can best cash in on Star Wars?” game. They scrubbed Star Trek: Phase Two and green lit Star Trek: the Motion Picture.

Paramount knew that it needed the ever-popular Spock in the film if it was going to recapture the ‘Trek’ audience, so they baited Nimoy with a large salary offer and finally he agreed to be in the film. The rest of the cast came back eagerly enough, and the project was under way. Although the script was based on the germ of an idea Roddenberry had for his Star Trek: Phase Two series, the project was mostly taken out of his hands and Paramount was running the show. The film came out in 1979 to mixed reviews but was very successful at the box office regardless of that. In retrospect, most fans don’t think too much of the first ‘Trek’ film but at the time, the excitement of seeing Kirk, Spock and the rest on the big screen was a big crowd draw. The film was a hit and a sequel was quickly in the works.

The sequel, Star Trek 2: the Wrath of Khan, (1982) was a vast improvement over the first film and many fans consider it the best of the franchise. Ricardo Montalban, who had appeared on the original TV series as the villainous Khan, reprised his role here and made for an excellent adversary for Kirk to battle. The film was a hit. It led to several more sequels.

Leonard Nimoy, however, claimed that he had had enough of playing Spock and wanted to be written out of the franchise. The character of Spock was killed off at the end of Wrath of Khan. However, when the next sequel rolled around, Nimoy was lured back once again, this time by the promise that he could direct the film. Nimoy would direct the next two entries in the franchise Star Trek 3: the Search for Spock (1984) and Star Trek 4: the Voyage Home (1986). The fifth film, Star Trek 5: the Final Frontier (1989) was directed by Shatner, who demanded equal time. He didn’t do nearly as well as Nimoy did and his additions to the script were not very inspired. The movie didn’t do well at the box office and is much maligned by fans. The franchise made a comeback with the sixth film, Star Trek 6: the Undiscovered Country (1991). This film did good business and was mostly well reviewed, and it was a nice bow-out for the cast. It was the last film featuring the cast of the 1960s TV series.

But there was still more ‘Trek’ in the world. In 1987, Roddenberry introduced the spin-off series Star Trek: the Next Generation. Originally, fans of the classic show were aghast at the idea of doing Star Trek without Shatner, Nimoy, Kelly and all the rest. Many predicted that the show would be terrible, and the first season seemed to prove them correct. The early episodes were awful, like a watered down remake of old ‘Trek’ episodes with rip-off characters. Commander Riker (Jonathan Frakes) was seen as a Kirk rip-off and Mr. Data (Brent Spiner) was considered Spock-lite. Only Patrick Stewart received positive acclaim from old time fans for his authoritative performance as the ship’s new Captain Jean Luc Picard. (Although Marina Sirtis--who played Counsellor Troi--became very popular as the sex symbol of the show and a popular pin-up girl for geekdom.) The show did well enough in the ratings to earn a second season. It limped through its sophomore year, only slightly improving after its poor freshman year. It wasn’t until the third Season, when the aging Gene Roddenberry retired that new executive producer Rick Berman and new head writer Michael Piller gave the show an identity of its own.

The show became a bona-fide hit, critically and ratings wise, loved by old fans now, as well as new. Star Trek: the Next Generation got higher ratings than the original had ever gotten and lasted far longer, running for 7 years. (Trivia Footnote: Several members of the original cast appeared on ST:TNG. Deforest Kelly appeared in the Pilot episode as Admiral McCoy. Leonard Nimoy appeared in a two-part episode as Spock; and James Doohan was in one episode as Scotty.)

The popularity of the series led to several movie versions of the show, continuing the voyages of Capt. Picard and company. The first of them, Star Trek: Generations, (1994) was sort of a cross-over film, with William Shatner co-starring as Kirk and teaming up with Stewart's Picard to save the day. it was sort of an unofficial handing-the-baton moment.

Sadly, Gene Roddenberry didn't live to see Kirk meet Picard on screen. He passed away in 1991, at age 70.

More 'Next Generation' film sequels came (Star Trek: First Contact, Star Trek: Insurrection and Star Trek: Nemesis) and more spin-off TV series arrived, including Star Trek: Deep Space 9, Star Trek: Voyager and Enterprise.

A reboot film of the 'Trek' franchise by J.J,. Abrams (Lost, Cloverfield, Alias) came out in 2009 and was a success at the box office. (Leonard Nimoy reprised his role as Spock for the film.) A sequel is now in the works. So the STAR TREK franchise has not yet run out of steam as it approaches it's 50th anniversary soon.


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    • Robwrite profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      I agree. 'Trek' was one of the few sci-fi films or shows that really 'got' the idea of what science fiction could, and should, be.


    • dahoglund profile image

      Don A. Hoglund 

      6 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

      Hi Rob, I probably don't fit the mold of Star Trek fans. I might be older than the majority of the arly fans. I had been a Science fiction fan but disliked most film and TV Sci-Fi, including Twilight zone. I loved Star Trek, but not the spin offs. Oddly, with the moon landing, I lost interest in SciFi and have lost track of the genre. I've always said that Star Trek was the only media production that actually understood what the genre was about. Good review.

    • Robwrite profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      Hi Sid; It was a rare thing back then for a TV series to be adapted into a film. Before 'Trek', it was almost unheard of, but after the 'Trek' films, it became very common.

      I saw Nimoy in the Western 'Catlow', as the tough, grim gunfighter. He was good for that kind of role. He also made a good villain. I saw him play the bad guy in a 'Columbo' episode once. He was a very under-rated actor.

      'Star Trek' was definitely a series that inspired and made the future seem positive instead of frightening.

      Thanks or stopping by,


    • SidKemp profile image

      Sid Kemp 

      6 years ago from Boca Raton, Florida (near Miami and Palm Beach)

      Thank you for this thorough and thoughtful history. I'm a lifetime trekkie. (I was 7 years old when Star Trek launched.) A couple of interesting points. Although Leonard Nimoy spent the rest of his acting life typecast as logical and scientific, before Star Trek, he was the sensitive, moody cowboy in a number of shows and movies. Also, the Star Trek movie was an amazing feat - a comeback of an idea cancelled by the Powers That Be. (More recently, Firefly made that happen, too.)

      But, most importantly, how the series inspires us! I have dreamed Star Trek dreams, and so have some of my friends. And the dreams are uplifting. Also, many of the shows do cause us to reflect on errors in our society and imagine making a better world.

    • Robwrite profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      Hi Shinkicker; Glad ypu enjoyed it. 'Star Trek' certainly had a rocky start and it was almost cut short several times but it kept getting lucky breaks and extra chances that extended it's life. 'Sci-fi' today wouldn't be the same without the iconic blueprint set down by 'Trek'.

      Thanks for reading,


    • Shinkicker profile image


      6 years ago from Scotland

      Terrific Hub Rob. I enjoyed every word. I never knew the troubles the series had way back in the 60's. Nowadays I wonder if they would have let it go past the 1st pilot. So glad people fought for the show back then, a legend was born.

      Voted up and awesome my friend. Shared it on Twitter and Facebook too.


    • Robwrite profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      Hi Steven; It was a lucky break of fate that NBC made the unprecedented step of ordering a second pilot. "Star Trek" is such an influential sci-fi show, its hard to imagine what the present of science fiction would be like if Kirk and company had never been on the air. I'd hate to think that "Lost in Space" would have become the blueprint for the future of the genre.

      Thanks for stopping by, Steven,


    • Stevennix2001 profile image

      Steven Escareno 

      6 years ago

      Can you imagine what would've happened if NBC didn't give Roddenberry another chance with a second pilot for Star Trek? That would've definitely changed science fiction as we know it today. it's a good thing that it all worked out. I personally like the "Star trek next generation" the best, but I also thought "Deep Space Nine" had a lot of strong moments. I can't say I ever cared for Voyager or Enterprise though. As for the original series, I remember watching a lot of them when i was younger because my father was really into it. However, i mostly remember the original cast from the movies though. my favorite star trek film has to be the "voyage home", as i thought that was pretty good.

      anyway, keep up the good work as always.

    • Robwrite profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      Hi Bruce; Shatner sometimes brags about his conquests of the past to his convention audiences, so I hope one of those stories he told wasn't about your mom.

      My parentd hated "Star Trek" and used to bug me about watching "that stupid show with the guy with the ears".

      Great to hear from you,


    • Cogerson profile image


      6 years ago from Virginia

      A awesome summary of Star Trek....I have read numerous books on Star Trek and you have captured the essence of entire books in this one hub. Lots of great information for Star Trek veterans and Star Trek newbies. Growning up Star Trek reruns were a major event in my my mom was a huge Star Trek fan....probably because she used to go out with Captain Kirk in the early 1950s in Montreal Canada.....he evidently got fresh and thus my chance of being Captain Kirk's son faded away...but then again...being Captain Kirk's son did not work out to well for "David"...although he survived Wrath of Khan....but no such luck with Search for Spock....voted up and very very interesting. Job well done my friend.

    • FloraBreenRobison profile image


      6 years ago

      Bye, Rob! It's been great knowing you. I will come visit you as a guest user.

    • Robwrite profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      Hi Peg; Glad you liked the hub. There were a lot of inspiring lessons hidden in those 'Trek' episodes from the 60s. And yes, I remember all the talented guest stars, like Richardo Montalban, Sally Kellerman, Elija Cook, and many others.

      I thought the new 'trek' film was fun as an action movie but I didn't think the charactrers resembled the original series at all, except for Spock

      I wish I'd known women like you when I was young who weren't put off by the fact that I liked sci-fi.

      Thanks for reading and commenting,


    • PegCole17 profile image

      Peg Cole 

      6 years ago from Dallas, Texas

      Your Star Trek review was thoroughly enjoyable to a fan of the original series and all those spinoffs that have followed. Those first episodes managed to inspire positive values with their somewhat preachy lessons on life in a time of civil unrest and anti-war sentiment. It is interesting how many talented and well known guests starred in the different episodes over the years. Much to my surprise I truly enjoyed the latest Star Trek movie and its characters who strongly resembled the original stars in both action and mannerisms. Thanks to those old reruns I developed a lasting friendship with another avid fan who later became my husband. Hooray Captain Kirk!

    • Robwrite profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      Hi Steve; "Star Trek" was my favorite TV series when I was growing up. The pilot was filmed the year I was born, coincidentally, so 'Trek' has been a part of my life as far back as I can remember.

      I have those books from "The Nitpickers Guide to..." series, nitpicking every little detail of shows like Star Trek, ST:TNG, DS9 and X-Files. Nothing gets passed the guy who wrote those.

      I like Next Gen and DS9, but I'm only a casual fan of 'Enterprise' and I don't like 'Voyager' at all.

      Thanks for stopping by, Steve;


    • Steve Lensman profile image

      Steve Lensman 

      6 years ago from Manchester, England

      An interesting overview of the Star Trek universe on TV and in movies Rob. One of the most written about and critiqued sci-fi series, or any series so far, to the minutest detail. I even have paperbacks concentrating on all the gaffes and bloopers in every single episode.

      The original series with Kirk and Spock is my favourite tv series of any genre. I'm a huge sci-fi fan and own all the various incarnations of Star Trek on DVD. The Next Generation comes up second fave. I know a couple of people who are Deep Space Nine fanatics and have picked that as the best of Trek.

      Voted Up and Interesting.

    • Robwrite profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      Hi Flora; The classic series is my favorite, too, although I did like "Next Generation" and "DS:9". Deforest Kelly had a long film career and years back when I attended some of the Trek conventions, he used to tell stories about working with some of the big name stars he appeared with.

      Shatner is always a hoot to watch. He's got a recurring role now on one of my current favorite shows, "Psych", and he's still funny. he missed his calling as a comedian, because he's great at lite comedy. I enjoyed his performance in "Boston Legal".

      Thanks for stopping by, Flora,


    • FloraBreenRobison profile image


      6 years ago

      I'm a fan of the original series only. I watch the movies this group of actors made as well as some guest spots on later series, but I'm not a fan of Science fiction. Hence, I'm not interest in the whole star trek universe, only TOS. I'm a fan of classic era television, especially the 1960s series and 1950s variety shows. My favourite character is Dr. McCoy. I've seen a lot of Kelly's movie career. Shatner is one of my favourite Canadian actors. He is a lot of fun, because he stopped taking himself seriously a long time ago and any time I need a good laugh, I watch him. He appears in my all-time favourite Twilight Zone episode.

    • Robwrite profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Oviedo, FL

      Hi there; Glad you liked it.

      thanks for reading,


    • urgurl_bri profile image

      Brandi Swieter 

      6 years ago from Holland, MI

      Lots of info. and a nice layout. Voted up.


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