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The 28th Academy Awards in 1956

Updated on July 19, 2013
tillsontitan profile image

Mary has been a movie fan since she was a little girl. She watched movies every night of the week on Million Dollar Theater..

Katherine Hepburn in Summertime 1955


Academy Awards History

I have been a movie buff for as long as I can remember so writing a series about the Academy Awards and the Academy Awards winners is like a dream come true. I get to write and I get to write about what I love.

The Academy has recognized so many great actors from Janet Gaynor to Jennifer Lawrence, not to even mention the fabulous male actors along the way. Who can forget Clark Gable or James Cagney. What about Jimmy Stewart? These people were all great actors and actresses but the Academy Awards helped bring them to the public eye and keep them there. Over eighty Academy Awards Ceremonies!

Did you know In 1934, Frank Capra suffered the worst mistaken identity in Oscars history? He walked out onto the stage to collect the Best Picture award when the presenter said “Come and get it, Frank”. The problem was the Frank he was referring to was Frank Lloyd, director of Cavalcade.

Gone With the Wind and From Here to Eternity still hold the record for thirteen Oscar nominations and eight wins. No film has yet to beat that record. By the way, Gone With the Wind was the first color film to win a Best Picture. It was also the longest movie up till that time at just under four hours!

There is just so much rich Academy history that I could write on and on about it. However, 1955 was a good year for pictures and deserves a good look, so let's get on with it.

Ernest Borgnine and Betsy Blair


Quote from Marty

You don't like her, my mother don't like her, she's a dog and I'm a fat, ugly man! Well, all I know is I had a good time last night! I'm gonna have a good time tonight! If we have enough good times together, I'm gonna get down on my knees and I'm gonna beg that girl to marry me! If we make a party on New Year's, I got a date for that party. You don't like her? That's too bad!


A surprising topic for a film. This Academy Award winning Best Picture, was about an Italian butcher in the Bronx who lives with his mother. Not unheard of, but he was thirty-four. He's a good hearted and good natured guy but his mother and friends are always after him about when he's going to get married. Marty doesn't let it show, most of the time, but he would love to get married, just hasn't met the right girl. He figures he's always going to be a bachelor. I always felt sorry for Marty and thought everyone should leave him alone.

Marty, played by Ernest Borgnine, meets Clara, played by Betsy Blair, at the Stardust Ballroom. Clara's been dumped by her blind date. She's a plain girl, a school teacher but much like Marty. They talk and find they have a lot in common. They talk and dance then Marty brings her home. They get closer and realize there is a mutual attraction, before his mother gets home. Marty seems to be very happy and after he puts Clara on the bus to go home, he even punches a stop sign, showing how happy and up his mood is.

However, happiness isn't in Marty's future. His widowed aunt moves in with him and his mother and tells his mother how lonely life will be if Marty marries. His friends are jealous of his new love and give him a hard time. All of this chiding gets to Marty and he doesn't call Clara. It eats at him though and he knows Clara makes him happy. I absolutely loved it when he told off his friend! No, I won't tell you how the movie ends, it is up to you to watch and find out.

This movie not only won Best Picture but won Borgnine a Best Actor and won Best Director and Best Writing, Adapted Screenplay.


Henry Fonda

This is Henry Fonda in his real Navy uniform.
This is Henry Fonda in his real Navy uniform. | Source

Mister Roberts

This movie won a Best Supporting Actor for Jack Lemmon. I decided to write about this movie because I love it. I've seen it over and over. Its a "war movie" like no other. Actually it takes place as WWII is winding down so to speak.

The characters in this movie are so rich. First, you have the Commanding Officer played by James Cagney. I'm not allowed to use foul language here so let us just say he is difficult, demanding, selfish, and mostly unreasonable. Next is the Executive Officer who is also the Cargo Chief - Mister Roberts, played by Henry Fonda. Typical, likable Henry Fonda. He constantly tries to keep the crew happy in spite of the Commanding Officer. Additionally, he really wants to get into the action and keeps putting in for transfers. Though the CO has to forward the requests he does not have to endorse them so it seems Henry Fonda will not get his transfer.

Then there's Ensign Pulver, played by Jack Lemmon. The ne'er do well who just tries to hide out and stay out of the Captain's way. In spite of his avoidance techniques he is the officer "in charge of laundry and moral".

Of course there's a "Doc" and this one is philosophical, and quick witted, played by William Powell. In researching this movie I found out this was William Powell's last movie role. Doc tries to convince Roberts that the role he plays aboard this ship is an important one to the men. He keeps the peace and tries to keep up the men's moral.

There are plenty of laughs in this movie, particularly over the Captain's beloved palm tree, simulated scotch, and the nurses' visit. While there are plenty of laughs there is pathos too. You can't help but sympathize with Roberts and his desire to see action. When the Captain bribes him to let the men go on leave, Roberts agrees to the Captain's bribe of not putting in for a transfer anymore. This made me very angry, I don't know about you. Of course things don't end here.

Am I leaving things out? You betcha. This is a funny, dramatic, and touching film. As usual, I have no intention of giving away the ending. You really should see this one for yourself.

Mister Roberts - Making Scotch

A scene from Rebel Without a Cause


Rebel Without a Cause

Rebel Without a Cause was not an Academy Award winner but it was nominated for Best Supporting Actor (Sal Mineo), Best Supporting Actress (Natalie Wood) and Best Writing, Motion Picture Story. I chose to write about this movie because it is such a classic and one most people are familiar with because of it's stars, James Dean, Natalie Wood, and Sal Mineo.

The story of confused teenagers trying to cope with their ineffective parents and a world that doesn't understand them. The three main characters meet in a court room when each of them is brought in for a wrongdoing. From the Court Room the movie follows the lives of these three teenagers as they intertwine in school and after over one twenty-four hour period.

It is a sad film as all three come from less than supportive homes. Plato's parents are never around, Plato is played by Sal Mineo, Judy's father is afraid of her being an adolescent probably because he is sexually attracted to her, Judy is played by Natalie Wood, and Jimmy's father lets his mother dominate him and Jimmy. Jimmy is played by James Dean. I must say, I found the mother very annoying myself and kept wishing Jimmy's father would stand up to her.

Jimmy has been a troubled teen and instead of dealing with his troubles his parents move every time he gets in trouble. That is how he came to this town. It is a complicated story, and yet a simple one. Probably the most famous line in the movie is one Jimmy says to his parents, ""You're tearing me apart! You say one thing, he says another, and everybody changes back again."

By today's standards this film probably doesn't hold up too well. The plot is weak in that you really can't get into each character in the time given. While the performances may have been hailed by critics I'm not thinking they're the greatest which is a shame for such good actors. I think one of the reasons it became so popular is that James Dean died in a car crash before the movie's release. I'd love to know your thoughts on this one.

Rebel Without A Cause

Academy Award Nominations for 1956

Best Actress Nominees
Best Actor Nominees
Best Picture Nominees
Anna Magnani - The Rose Tattoo
Earnest Borgnine - Marty
Susan Hayward - I'll Cry Tomorrow
James Cagney - Love Me or Leave Me
Love is a Many-Splendored Thing
Katherine Hepburn - Summertime
James Dean - East of Eden
Mister Roberts
Jennifer Jones - Love is Many-Splendored Thing
Frank Sinatra - Man with the Golden Arm
Eleanor Parker - Interrupted Melody
Spencer Tracy - Bad Day at Black Rock
The Rose Tattoo

1955 Movies NOT Nominated or Awarded by the Academy

  • Lady and the Tramp
  • The Seven Year Itch
  • To Hell and Back
  • Guys and Dolls
  • Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy
  • Blackboard Jungle
  • Chief Crazy Horse
  • Davey Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier
  • Female on the Beach
  • Godzilla Raids Again
  • It Came From Beneath the Sea
  • The Long Grey Line
  • To Catch a Thief

The 28th Academy Awards

Certainly an awards ceremony like many others. Each year though there is something different. The Best Picture Award, as you know, went to Marty. Did you also know Marty was a low budget film and one of the shortest to ever win the Best Picture Award? At the awards ceremony Eddie Fisher sang "Love is a Many-Splendored Thing" in a studio in New York while the orchestra that accompanied him was in Hollywood.

What about the movies themselves? You've read through my article and you're wondering why I didn't write about Bad Day at Black Rock or The Man With the Golden Arm or maybe even Picnic? Well, I want to take you out of your comfort zone and have you view movies you may or may not have seen before. I would really like to know how you feel, not just about this article, but about the movies of 1955!

Thank you for reading and hopefully leaving a comment.

Copyright - Tillsontitan - All Rights Reserved.

"Bringing you movies that are part of your memories."


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    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      Thanks Debby. There was a lot of 'true grit' in Marty and of course it was so well acted by Ernest Borgnine. Love is always the answer ;) Blessings back to you.

    • Debby Bruck profile image

      Debby Bruck 

      6 years ago

      Dear Mary, Good picks. I loved "Marty" the dialogue and actors. Seems like a long gone era. However, think about today's generation of grown adults who move back home with low self esteem. True to life emotions and feelings of loneliness and inadequacy. Feeling the heartache and pain. Love is the answer. Blessings, Debby

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      Thanks Steve. I agree, I wasn't too thrilled with the choices in 1955 for these Awards. We'll see what happens when I get to the 1957 Awards. I"m afraid they're not too much better, but we'll see.

    • Steve Lensman profile image

      Steve Lensman 

      6 years ago from Manchester, England

      Have to confess I have never seen Marty, 1955's big winner. But I have read a lot about it. Not sure what movie I would have picked to win that year, Godzilla Raids Again? :) From the films you've listed, maybe Mister Roberts. 1955 wasn't one of my faves. 1956 was better.

      I remember reading about that incident with Frank Capra thinking he had won the Oscar, that 'long' walk back to his chair must have been horrible. But he had the last laugh, winning 3 Best Director Oscars between 1934 and 1938.

      Another winner Mary, Voted Up and Interesting!

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      So many talented actors wind up dying young Michelle, such a shame.

      Jackie Lynnley , I think I need to see "Rebel" again as an adult. Henry Fonda was just an all round doll!

      Thank you Eddy. Hubs and future together!

      teaches12345 , Hepburn certainly was a class act and very hard to follow.

      Docmo, I think you'll enjoy "Mr. Roberts", it really was a funny and moving film.

      Genna East, I'm sure your mother was lovely and how nice to be reminded of her. There are so many thoughts about "Rebel"...yes, James Dean's death was tragic and too soon.

    • Genna East profile image

      Genna East 

      6 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      Hi Mary;

      How nice to see Kate Hepburn’s photo the moment we open this hub. I’m a little biased because Hepburn reminded me so much of my mother. Each time I read one of your wonderful installments, I think, ‘what a great year this was for film.’ That is, until the next installment is published:

      Summertime; East of Eden; Picnic; Marty; Mister Roberts; The Man With the Golden Arm

      It just seems they made much better films in those days.

      James Dean was the mysterious heart throb who was also incredibly talented. It is a shame his life ended the way it did. ‘Rebel’ is a tragic film, and the acting is amazing.

      Excellent hub.

    • Docmo profile image

      Mohan Kumar 

      6 years ago from UK

      I love your OScar recaps.. they bring so many memories of so many good films I have watched over the years. I'm a great fan of the classics and I loved Marty. I havent yet seen Mister Roberts and now I want to! Keep up the good work. awesome.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      6 years ago

      Great review on the movies of this era. I still enjoy watching Hepburn movies, she had class and style.

    • Eiddwen profile image


      6 years ago from Wales

      Another wonderful hub from you Mary.

      Voted up and here's wishing you a wonderful day.


    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 

      6 years ago from The Beautiful South

      I need to see Rebel Without a Cause. I loved Natalie Wood and am still waiting for them to put that old man of hers in jail for murdering her! But that is another story, huh? lol My mom loved Henry Fonda and I hadn't noticed, he was cute! Fun hub.

    • midget38 profile image

      Michelle Liew 

      6 years ago from Singapore

      Will always find it a waste viz what happened to James Dean. As usual, you know your awards! Thanks for sharing!

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      Sorry aviannovice, the Abbott and Costello wasn't nominated. That was a list of films that year that weren't nominated. Glad you enjoyed, I hope to have more to come.

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 

      6 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      Those are superb moviues all right. I had NO IDEA that an Abbot and Costello film was nominated for the awards. They were definitely one of my favorites. As usual, great work on keepin g us informed on the who's who of Academy Awardom!

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      Thanks for stopping by Patty. I can't imagine a chopped up "Rebel Without A Cause" it was hard enough to understand in its entirety for young people.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image

      Patty Inglish MS 

      6 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

      In Middle School, the administration played old movies at lunchtime, anout 15 minutes a day. We saw Rebel Without a Cause one week and I could not understand the film at all. The beginning courtroom scene was missing or skipped and the rest was rather frgamented. I haven't thought about it in a long time, but I think I need to see it now - not sure it was the best thing to show 12 to 14 year-olds, at least chopped up nd without someone to discuss it with.

      I appreciate all of your Acadamy Awards Hubs - they give me good chocies for older films to see now.

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      I know Mary, Netflix and Turner Classic Movies are great! Thanks for the votes and share, I do appreciate them.

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 

      6 years ago from Florida

      Oh, those were the "good ole days" of movies. I enjoy Netflix cause I can watch a lot of the old good movies like the ones you write about. Having lived in Atlanta, Ga I have a special place in my heart with Gone With the Wind and all its actors.

      Voted Up, etc. and shared.

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      Thanks for always reading DDE and leaving such nice comments.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      6 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Old times and old movies takes one back right down the old path thanks for sharing

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      rebeccamealey, funny how much we can learn from these old Awards! Thanks for stopping by.

      Thanks ankitha1.

      Thank you so much Mhatter99, truly appreciated.

      I have to agree Writer Fox. Whether it was a perception or truth, it certainly seemed that way.

    • Writer Fox profile image

      Writer Fox 

      6 years ago from the wadi near the little river

      I love these old movies. It seems that life was much simpler then.

    • Mhatter99 profile image

      Martin Kloess 

      6 years ago from San Francisco

      Takes me back. traded my words with a FB and share.

    • rebeccamealey profile image

      Rebecca Mealey 

      6 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

      Wow, I didn't know Lady and the Tramp was a movie that long ago. Very interesting read!

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      WND I think you would like Marty. It is sad but in a way victorious. Ernest Borgnine was a great actor and really proved it in Marty.

      Now Walter, really? The Bachelorette? OMG, I never! I'm more the Dr. Who type ;) I'd like to thank the Academy and my best bud Joe! Aloha my friend.

    • hawaiianodysseus profile image

      Hawaiian Odysseus 

      6 years ago from Southeast Washington state

      I remember Davy Crockett. Man, I must've been 3 years old at the time. Unbelievable!

      I'm really surprised James Dean was overlooked in Rebel Without a Cause.

      The scene featuring Marty and his mom was absolutely riveting. Makes me want to go out and rent that movie tonight...but The Bachelorette is on. (Yes, some men watch it, too...I hope.)

      Aw, Mary, you are such an ace with these nostalgic Academy Award hubs! "Ladies and gentlemen, on behalf of the Academy, we'd like to bestow upon Ms. Tillsontitan the Oscar for Best Academy Awards Hubber of the Century!"

      Aloha, Mary!

      Walter Mitty

    • wetnosedogs profile image


      6 years ago from Alabama

      I never saw Marty and I am sure I would have loved it.

      You do a tremendous amount of work on these movie hubs and it is greatly appreciated.

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      Thanks Bill, I do love the classics. Glad it shows ;) Thanks too for the votes and share.

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 

      6 years ago from Massachusetts

      Hi Mary. Another great year at the movies. You are doing a wonderful job with this series. You clearly have a love for the arts and movies in particular. Keep them coming. Voted up, share, etc....

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      Oh Mickey, Mickey (isn't that in a song) anyway, I so agree with you. I know it is the iconic movie but I think the whole "scene" of teenagers is overrated. I don't remember anyone acting quite like that. A little rebellious, most teenagers are, but not over the edge. Poor James Dean's untimely death certainly did contribute to its popularity. I would much rather see Michael J. Fox put on a pedestal for his role in Family Ties and for his bravery in life.

      I am totally embarrassed to admit I haven't seen Carousel (head hanging in shame). Obviously I will need to rectify that quickly! I am very familiar with "You'll Never Walk Alone" and "If I Loved You".....

    • MickeySr profile image


      6 years ago from Hershey, Pa.

      Hooray for you for acknowledging, publicly, that 'Rebel Without A Cause' was simply not so great as most assert it to be, and that it's largely remembered and celebrated because of the early death of James Dean. The film was released in the middle of the 50s, when the concept of the 'teenager' was concocted . . . you didn't just grow from a child into an adult, now there was this transitional period that was suddenly a nearly stand-alone citizenry (and a very specific marketplace) and the notion of rebellion and delinquency was cast as a virtue - and James Dean became their icon.

      But, had he lived, grown old, doing (as an actor) all manner movies with roles in westerns, comedies, eventually cheesy Sci-Fi, etc, would he still be counted as the great iconic example of romantic hope wrestling against conventional injustice, etc? I recall Michael J Fox once being asked what made him different from all the other young actors of his generation (the 'brat pack' kids, etc) and he answered "Because, they all wanted to be James Dean - I wanted to be James Cagney".

      The same year as 'Rebel Without A Cause' was released the musical 'Carousel' was also released, and for a screen portrait of youth finding their way amidst chasing after an intoxicating romance while resisting the provincial proprieties of others and heeding your own inner sense of responsibility and doing what's right, I think the fanciful 'Carousel' was the more honest and insightful effort . . . and, it had some of the most beautiful music ('If I Loved You') ever recorded as well.

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      Too bad we don't live closer Jools, I'd love to see your books! I guess all those Saturdays at the movies stayed with me ;)

      Faith, I just love your comments. You put so much thought and detail in them and make them a pleasure, and compliment! God bless.

      How did I not know drbj that you would do an interview with James Dean?

    • drbj profile image

      drbj and sherry 

      6 years ago from south Florida

      That really was a great year for great movies, Mary. My favorites include Marty, Mister Roberts and Rebel Without a Cause. From the nominated films that did not win, I loved Guys and Dolls (picture Brando singing) and To Catch a Thief with Cary Grant and Grace Kelly (great smooching).

      Rebel has always been an unforgettable film because of movie icon, James Dean. (See my hub - Interview with James Dean.)

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 

      6 years ago from southern USA

      Mary, this is another interesting and detailed hub here in your wonderful series!

      I do so love Clark Gable and James Cagney, but there is a special place in my heart for Jimmy Stewart, especially in the movie "Harvey"! : )

      Oh, my goodness, that was a big faux pas concerning Frank Capra, bless his heart.

      I can understand why "Gone With The Wind" and "From Here To Eternity" hold the record for most wins.

      I am so glad you are such a movie buff, as it is great to be reminded of such great films.

      It is always fun to read your choice of quotes from the movies, as they are really great quotes, and add a great entertaining aspect to the hubs.

      I am surprised on your list of those movies that were not nominated, as there are many really good ones on that list.

      Excellent article here once again.

      Voted up +++ and sharing

      God bless, Faith Reaper

    • Jools99 profile image

      Jools Hogg 

      6 years ago from North-East UK

      Mary, another fascinating hub - I love Ocsar history, I used to have tons of books about this period of movie making - I need to look for them in my loft, you have whetted my appetite for more.

    • tillsontitan profile imageAUTHOR

      Mary Craig 

      6 years ago from New York

      MPerrottet, thank you for being first to comment on this hub. I was iffy about saying what I actually felt about Rebel Without A Cause, but now I'm relieved that you agree.

      Ah Bill, always faithful, always reading. God Bless, and thank you.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      6 years ago from Olympia, WA

      This is just about the time I started going to movies and of course I have seen all of these wonderful movies. As always, I love this series. Keep them coming, Mary, and I'll keep reading them.


    • mperrottet profile image

      Margaret Perrottet 

      6 years ago from San Antonio, FL

      Reading these hubs makes me want to go back and re-watch some of these great films. I saw Marty many years ago, and loved it. Although I agree with you that Rebel Without a Cause wasn't one of the best films, it is the one that I remember the most. This is a great addition to your series on the awards - voted up and interesting.


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