The History Of Hip Hop And Rap Pt.3
Female rappers emerged on the scene in the form of group Salt N Pepa, Queen Latifah, Roxanne Shante, and Monie Love. Salt N Pepa is one of the first female hip hop acts, and with their song "Let's talk about sex" used their voices to bring awareness to safe sex. Queen Latifah with protege British rapper Monie Love, made many female empowering songs like "UNITY". Roxanne Shante' when only 14 in 1985 released a response to the popular "Roxanne" battle raps.
Public Enemy came into the game and brought a different type of social consciousness to issues. With songs like "Fight The Power" and "911 is a joke"rapper Chuck D gave awareness to struggles black people had to deal with and police brutality. Gangsta rap rooted a whole new west coal wave and received a lot of heat for it's explicit lyrics. Ice T is one of the first to do this, followed by rap supergroup NWA. Members Easy E, Ice Cube, and Dr.Dre all have had successful solo careers, and Dr.Dre has produced some of the most best selling rappers such as Snoop dogg, Eminem, and 50 Cent.
Gangsta rap has spilled into the 90's, and has left a lot of the older rapping styles behind. Moving from the west coast, a lot of southern rappers emerged. The Geto Boys, which featured scarface was one of the first. The first time Hip hop got its own show was "Yo! MTV Raps" which introduced rap to the mainstream, which was thought to be a fad. I can't mention mainstream without mentioning the rap duo Kid N' Play. Their "House Party" were instrumental in doing this. Other then the gangsta rap movement which brought political awareness to police brutality, the group A Tribe Called quest brought awareness to the African heritage and it's roots. Much like Afrika Bambaataa. Busta Rhymes was featured on their single what's "Scenario"
Now back to what I called the "Biggie-Tupac Era". In the early 90's a lot of artists coming from both the east and west coasts were surfacing. This created a sort of "Beef" to where they tried to prove who was better. Tupac was a very outspoken rapper. His music was both conscious, lyrically brilliant, with also elements of gangsta rap. This got him in a lot of trouble. Biggie was very instrumental in telling stories of his life of dealing drugs, and dealing with violence. While his rap was also very lyrical in content, him and Tupac were in constant battle. This ultimately led to their untimely deaths. Rappers like Nas, Jay-Z, and Common were known somewhat of intellectual lyricists. Nas and Jay-Z also have had a similar battle, on a much smaller scale.
In the modern day rappers like Jay-Z, Nas, Lil Wayne, Ludacris, slaughterhouse, Kanye West, Snoop Dogg, Eminem, Slaughterhouse, and Busta Rhymes are known as some of the "greatest rappers". Debatable. Nonetheless I've never seen another music genre that treats is fore fathers and pioneers like has-beens. It's like they don't get acknowledged for their contribution and creativity. If it weren't for them, we wouldn't have our rapper's that we have today. Rock, R&B, Country all treat their predecessors like royalty. For example, My favorite artist of all time Michael Jackson. Who hasn't cited him as an influence? Or Bob Dylan, Queen, people like that.
I hope this has given you an insight to the world of hip hop and R&B. There are definitely rapper's that I haven't mentioned that were a big part of rap too. But this is just a glimpse at how rap has gone from what people thought was a fad, to one of the biggest music genres almost 40 years later.