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How Your Tongue Helps Your Singing Voice

Updated on January 11, 2017
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Respected vocal coach and professional singer, Audrey Hunt lays it on the line when it comes to the responsibility of singing.

Too much tension in the tongue results in tension in singing.
Too much tension in the tongue results in tension in singing. | Source

Don't Like The Way You Sound When You Sing? Check Your Tongue

Most of us pay little attention to our tongue, (unless we bite it), except for brushing it now and then, or to taste a bite of food - ( sweet, sour, bitter and salty.) However, for singers, the tongue plays a major role in producing a consistent, well focused tone. Therefore, complete attention must be given to the tongue.

When we begin to understand the function of the tongue as it relates to both singing and speaking, we have better control over this muscle and therefore our singing.. Actually the tongue is not one muscle as you might think - it consists of eight muscles. For those singers who are looking for a better singing sound, I recommend you look first to the tongue.

The Human Tongue

Source

Tension - The Biggest Enemy To The Singer

One of the main goals of the singer is to sing legato ( smooth and connected.) If there is tension in the tongue, there will be tension in the tone (production of sound). This is the biggest reason for wanting to relieve tension.

Another reason for releasing tongue tension is to allow the tone to flow freely. If the tongue is in the wrong position it actually blocks the tone causing the sound to be swallowed. When that occurs, you can actually hear the tension coming from the back of the throat. Hence, all tension must be dealt with through specific exercises which I will share with you.

Depending on the singer or speaker and the amount of tension being carried, the following exercises must be included in your warm-up session before you start singing.

Shoulder, neck relaxation exercise

Say Goodbye to Tension in 5 Minutes

I'm a real tough cookie with my vocal and acting students. Absolutely not one note is allowed to be sung or one script or monologue read until all tension is addressed. What good is it to have perfect breath control, diction, a great range, controlled vibrato and a beautiful tone if its' only going to be killed by Mr. Tension?

While I have little or no control with what artists do at home, I can certainly instill the habit of stress-reduction exercises in my studio. And I do!

This is a good 5-10 minute tension - relief group of exercises I highly recommend:

  1. First, locate the tense areas in the back of the neck and give yourself a brief self-massage ( or better yet get a hand from someone else.) Make sure to include the base of the skull.
  2. Sitting or standing - Squeeze the shoulders tightly as you raise them up toward the head...hold for the count of 5 then let then drop and relax. Repeat several times.
  3. Do a couple of neck rolls, slowly, to the left, then to the right. If you experience dizziness, you are going too fast.
  4. Laying down on the floor, or a firm surface like a mattress or sofa, bend the knees so the feet are flat on the floor. Arms are resting on the floor with palms up. Close your eyes and take several deep breathes from the diaphragmatic area. Inhale deeply and quickly, filling the lungs and belly with air - exhale very very slow using a hissing sound like a flat tire.
  5. Drink a big glass of room temperature water (ice or cold will restrict the vocal cords.)

Now we will move on to tension release exercises for the jaw, face and tongue. These three areas absolutely must be void of any tension.

Gymnastics For The Lips, Tongue and Jaw

The following exercises only take 3-5 minutes and do a world of good. You may feel really silly doing these exercises and you may choose to go through them when no one else is around. But remember when you are at a live performance, backstage, these very exercises are most likely taking place as you take your seat in the audience section.

  1. The Lips - You have most likely giggled at the adorable baby making the sound of an airplane. You are now that adorable baby. Inhale to get a full breath and imitate that airplane by making the sound of " brrrrrrrrrrrr " using the lips. Make it last as long as possible. This is a magnificent warm up for the lips. The lips form the words.
  2. The Tongue - Take a deep breath and trill the tongue, holding the trill as long as you can. Repeat several times. Then trill from a low to a high sound, as if you were singing a scale. Try to hold the trill throughout the scale ascending and descending. The correct position for the tongue is to rest on the floor of the mouth with the tip touching the lower front teeth.
  3. The Jaw - With the lips slightly apart, simulate a gentle and subtle chewing motion. Next, with the lips closed, hum a few pitches while moving the jaw up and down in a gentle chewing motion. The key here is to be sure you use a very gentle and relaxed motion.

Years of bad habits, including bad posture may require more, but gentler exercise. Never force any of the above exercises. When singing, stay within a comfortable, easy range. Singing too high and/or too loud and aggressive will only cause more tension. You may even experience some vocal damage. Do not force your voice in any way.

If you, as an actor, are required to scream, only do so by using extra breath pressure (from the belly) and correct vocal placement. Otherwise, you risk vocal abuse and perhaps even long term damage such as vocal nodes (nodules).

Tension Oh Tension - Where Art Thou?

Why am I addressing tension to all you singers, speakers and actors?

We all have tension in our bodies. And it' a good thing we do, otherwise we would fall down each time we take a step. So, a certain amount of tension is needed. But we also carry tension in areas that interfere with and restrict the vocal tone.

If we scream too much, we can feel the effects of Mr.Tension in our throats. ( Never scream or yell if you are a singer or professional speaker or actor.) Each time we scream it's like scraping your vocal cords with the tips of your fingers, nails and all.

The area that carries the most tension is the neck, including the shoulders. The jaw and tongue areas are just as guilty and tension absolutely must be released for the singer to avoid vocal problems and sound their best..

We get so used to carrying tension in these areas, we are not even aware that tension exists. It isn't until we release all that tension that we realize how bad it really is.

One very good, natural way to reduce tension is to laugh. So I've taken the liberty of sharing with you some amusing quotes.

My Best Tongue Quotes


  • The tongue is, at the same time, the best part of man and his worst; with good government, none is more useful, and without it, none is more mischievous. ~ Anacharsis

  • Since I cannot govern my own tongue, though within my own teeth, how can I hope to govern the tongue of others? ~ Benjamin Franklin
  • When we advance a little into life, we find that the tongue of man creates nearly all the mischief of the world. ~ Edwin Paxton Hood
  • All parts of the human body get tired eventually - except the tongue. ~ Konrad Adenauer
  • I hope my tongue in prune juice smothers, If I belittle dogs and mothers. ~ Ogden Nash
  • In nine times out of ten, the slanderous tongue belongs to a disappointed person. ~ George Bancroft
  • It is a sign that your reputation is small and sinking if your own tongue must praise you. ~ Matthew Hale
  • Let a fool hold his tongue and he will pass for a sage. ~ Publilius Syrus
  • Meditation is the tongue of the soul and the language of our spirit. ~ Jeremy Taylor
  • Prayer requires more of the heart than of the tongue. ~ Adam Clarke
  • The pen is the tongue of the mind. ~ Horace
  • We have two ears and one tongue so that we would listen more and talk less. ~ Diogenes

Let's Review

The main take-away from today's lesson is this:

  • If the tongue is not relaxed you are holding too much tension in it. This means there will be tension in your tone. Not a good sound.
  • There are easy exercises provided for you here. Do them daily to relax your tongue. If you have trouble with trilling your tongue this indicates way too much tension. Keep practicing until trilling is easy. Put plenty of air behind the trill. Think of a planes' propeller. It need enough gas to get going.
  • Even professional recording stars practice these same exercises continuously.
  • Your entire body is your vocal instrument. It must be cared for and all tension in the face and neck-shoulder area need to be released before you sing.

Sing for yourself and have fun. Less tension occurs when we enjoy our singing. Give up being self-critical and judgemental. Your voice, like you, is one-of-a-kind and unique. Value that uniqueness.

Sing With Joy ~

Singing Is Your Birthright

Embrace your singing regardless of how you think you sound.  Singing is a healthy thing to do!
Embrace your singing regardless of how you think you sound. Singing is a healthy thing to do! | Source

© 2011 Audrey Hunt

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    • Charlotte B Plum profile image

      Charlotte B Plum 5 years ago

      Hey vocalcoach! A wonderful hub!

      my personal favorite warm up is the brrrrrrr one - i find that so effective!

      I also love the quotes at the end of the hub.

      Lost track of how many hubs you have left for this challenge, but keep going! =)

    • Hyphenbird profile image

      Brenda Barnes 5 years ago from America-Broken But Still Beautiful

      Well I don't sing (wish I did) but like to make some noise. This really will be useful because I have a soft voice and have to force myself to shout. Thanks vocalcoach. This Hub is perfect for your experience and for the challenge.

    • dahoglund profile image

      Don A. Hoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

      I have no ambitions to sing but I am playing with the idea of a talking book to compliment the next ebook I am working on.I'll have to think about vocal techniques or find someone else to do it.

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 5 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      dahoglund - A talking book...wonderful concept! I have no doubt that it will be a big hit. Would be happy to help - I work for " a song". :)

    • dahoglund profile image

      Don A. Hoglund 5 years ago from Wisconsin Rapids

      When I get further along I'll I may contact you.It will be a collection of my "Carbons Creek" stories.

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 5 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      hyphenbird - One of my favorite people here on hubpages!

      (I wake up to you every day :) Here's an exercise just for you: wrap your arms around yourself, giving YOU a nice warm hug - holding that position, repeat the words " I love you " 3 times and try to mean what you are saying. Feel the love penetrate your entire being as you repeat " I love you " With each repeat, your voice will take on a different "color" as you begin to believe the words. There is no right and no wrong - you are simply listening to your vocal sound as you reinforce the love you feel for yourself. And BTW - I love you, too. :)

    • writer20 profile image

      Joyce Haragsim 5 years ago from Southern Nevada

      Thank you so much for your great hub. I have printed it out to remind me to keep doing the tongue excerises as it's taken control on my mouth and causing me teeth problems. I can't thank you enough for this,

    • Cloverleaf profile image

      Cloverleaf 5 years ago from Calgary, AB, Canada

      Hi Audrey,

      Oh yes I need some tension release please! The shoulder squeeze worked quite nicely thank you. I've bookmarked it to come back to the next time I get all worked up over something :-) Keep on writing!

      Cloverleaf.

    • Chatkath profile image

      Kathy 5 years ago from California

      Good job Audrey! you are the best Vocal Coach in the world, I have absolutely no doubt about that!

      Love the quotes too!

    • randomcreative profile image

      Rose Clearfield 5 years ago from Milwaukee, Wisconsin

      Great topic for a hub! Lots of useful information.

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 5 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      Chatkath - Just what I like to hear :) Kidding aside, you've no idea what words like that mean to me! I have devoted my life to studying the voice and if I had 9 more lives, I'd keep right on learning. Thank you my precious friend

      randomcreative - I am beyond pleased that you found my hub useful and also think its a good hub topic. Big thankyou!

      cloverleaf - Tension is part of being human. At least, thats what I tell myself. For singers 'tho, it is the enemy! And now I think I will do a few shoulder squeezes myself :) You are beautiful!

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 5 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      Charlotte - Gosh, I love having your support - I really need that. This is one tough challenge for me. I have so little time to write so many hubs. But I am giving it my all. So, thank you very much. (I have 18 more hubs to write) - yawn!

    • Charlotte B Plum profile image

      Charlotte B Plum 5 years ago

      you can do it, almost there! i love all your hubs about the voice =)

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Fuller 5 years ago from Southern Illinois

      Great Hub Audrey. Some people just can't sing and i'm one of them. Instead of being asked to sing, they beg me not to. I did all of the tension exercise and they really did relax the neck. ( The popping and cracking was a tad scary. ) LOL. Thank's for the info.........

    • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

      Vinaya Ghimire 5 years ago from Nepal

      I loved the Tongue Quotes and I'd love to tongue exercise. I'm not a singer but I want to make best use of my tongue as a good talker.

    • prasetio30 profile image

      prasetio30 5 years ago from malang-indonesia

      Well done, my friend. I love all your tips above. I should practice this every day. I believe your tips can improve my singing ability. You still my teacher. Thanks for share with us. VOTE UP UP!

      Prasetio

    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 5 years ago from London, UK

      Even I sing only when nobody isabout but it was a very interesting lesson. Thank you.

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 5 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      writer20 - I'm so pleased to find that my article has helped you. We just don't realize how much pressure we put on our tongue, teeth and jaw. Have a great day!

      charlotte - Oh, thanks! And because you like the hubs on voice, today I will start 3 more - just for you!

      always exploring - well, give me a couple of hours and I will have you singing at carnegie hall :) As for the cracking/popping in your neck - not to worry as this is caused by gases ( carbon dioxcide ). Keep stretching!

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 5 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      vinaya - The same exercises that work for singers also work for speakers. When you have time, read my hubs that are written for singers including the breath contol hubs. They will all give you information that relates to the speaking voice. Thanks for visiting!

      Prasetio - I like seeing you here and to know you have read my hub. It is always an honor to see you. You offer such magnificent hubs. I always send people to your hubs. Thank you, my friend and God Bless you!

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 5 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      dahoglund - Good. Sounds wonderful and good luck!

      hello, hello - Singing is a joy to the person. That is all that is important. God smiles when you sing, regardless of what you sound like. Bless you, my friend.

    • Movie Master profile image

      Movie Master 5 years ago from United Kingdom

      Hi Audrey, people ask me not to sing...

      I've done the tension release excercises, a bit of cracking going on, but generally feeling good!

      Another excellent hub!

    • acaetnna profile image

      acaetnna 5 years ago from Guildford

      Such a truly informative and brilliant hub. I simply loved your answer to Hyphenbird's comment. Stunning, thank you for sharing your expertise.

    • WillStarr profile image

      WillStarr 5 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Maybe that's the problem. My mother always said I had no ear for music, but maybe I actually have no tongue for it!

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 5 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      Movie Master - Good morning ...la,la,la,la, la. People may ask you not to sing, but God smiles upon you and thanks you for your song.

      And the cracking that you hear is mostly just "gases" being released from the bones. So, continue onward ( and remember to keep singing ) Thank you, dear lady!

      acaetnna - Here you are...I have missed your beautiful face. Your contributions to my hubs are something I truly look forward to.Perhaps it's the love I continue to feel from you. And your exquisite poetry can't be equalled. I will think about your encouraging comments all through the day, receiving inspiration to continue the 30 day hub challenge. Love and hugs - vocalcoach

      WillStarr - One of these days, I will chat with you on " skype" and prove to you that your singing voice is as much a part of you as your speaking voice.

      Your dear mothers words will be replace with " Wow, Audrey...I have an ear for music and "my rudder" is in perfect working order." So, Will, my dear hub brother, just leave it to me :) Move over, Pavarotti !!!!

    • rwelton profile image

      rwelton 5 years ago from Sacramento CA

      I never appreciated my tongue so much as when I had the pleasure of a lot of radiation to my mouth and my tongue swelled quite a bit and all the taste buds burned away...couldn't speak or eat...since I speak for a living and am the chef for the family...Was extremely grateful for the return of a properly functioning tongue, so I could go back to work and most of the taste buds (all are back now,except the chocolate buds..ha)...most people only realize they have a tongue when they bite it... Thanks.

      rlw

    • Denise Handlon profile image

      Denise Handlon 5 years ago from North Carolina

      I remember taking a vocal class (technique) in college. I enjoyed it and the exercises sound familiar. Rated up.

    • infofika profile image

      Fika Martiana 3 years ago from Bandung - Indonesia

      I am so glad i can read your tips here. i will try your tips some of them for the next.

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 3 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      infolfika - Than you for coming by and for liking my tips on using the tongue. I hope to see you soon.

    • DeaverTex profile image

      John Adams 3 years ago from Austin, TX

      I'm finding your hubs rather a long time after they're published, but that's OK! I know that I've got a lot of tension going on, because I get sore throat muscles right on either side of the top of my larynx when I try to sing more than a few seconds. It lasts about a day, usually. I'm hoping that these warm[ups will help me shed the tension, because even though I have a solo-quality voice (I should sing so low that nobody else can hear) I'd like to be able to yodel along with the radio occasionally. At least when nobody else is in the car!

      Just in general, thanks for being here!

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 3 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      Hi DeaverTex - Those areas shouldn't get sore at all. Have you tried 1. using more breath support

      2. sing, using a softer tone 3. warm-up gently.

      I'm here to help so keep in touch and let m know how it's going. ~ Audrey

    • DeaverTex profile image

      John Adams 2 years ago from Austin, TX

      Ack! Ma'am, when you say "use more breath support", you're going over my head. I've read and heard that, and I don't have any idea what it really means. I know about abdominal breathing, but I still feel the exhale and sound all at the back of my throat. Well, I do unless I tense up pretty much my whole core. I don't think that can be right, can it? But it does seem to give me more duration on a breath if nothing else.

      By softer, do you mean less volume or more gently? I think more gently, as in a lighter tone, but I'm not sure. If I use any less volume, I won't be able to hear myself.

      Every time I think I'm making progress, I'll sing along with something -- usually not the radio because it's nearly all way too high for me --- is everybody else a tenor?? -- and feel fine. No over-reaching my range, no screamo, just singing, and not too loudly. Then about 20-30 minutes later, the muscle ache is there. It's getting downright discouraging.

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 2 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      Hello DeaverTex

      Singing is sustained speech. In order to sustain one word to the other without 'breaking' the sound we must support each word that we sing with our breath (air.) When we lose our air (support), we lose our ability to sing. Singing 'rides' on air. Air is a cushion for sound.

      Yes, to sing softer is to sing gentle. This is just about the hardest thing for a singer to do. When you practice this skill, it is normal to lose the tone in the beginning. A good tip to help you is to sing the vowel 'Ee' when practicing. Some singers can sustain the 'Ee' sound for a long time without the tone breaking. With most, it takes consistent practice.

      Please send me an email and I will help you further. Also, I just published a hub that may help you to avoid singing from the back of your throat. Please try not to get discouraged. There is a way to overcome most singing problems. Hang in their Deaver. Thanks - Audrey

    • DeaverTex profile image

      John Adams 2 years ago from Austin, TX

      Audrey:

      Email sent. I'm working on wrapping my head (and myself) around the hub you mentioned. I give up too easily most of the time -- not on this, though. It's finally made me just mad enough to keep at it.

      John.

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 2 years ago from Nashville Tn.

      John.,

      I'm proud of you and the persistence you display.

      With an attitude like yours, anything is possible including developing a very nice vocal sound!

    • profile image

      David 12 months ago

      The base of the tongue needs to be strengthened to provide for cleaner articulation....well, if you are crooning or singing softly just go with the industry motto used here, "relax the tongue", but it only takes a little analysis that for classical singing the tongue must be compressed....it's common though to pretend to be an expert in vocal matters and repeat the nonsense of a relaxed tongue.

    • vocalcoach profile image
      Author

      Audrey Hunt 12 months ago from Nashville Tn.

      David

      Thanks for your remarks. How lovely of you to read my hub. I invite you to seek more expertise on singing by visiting my other articles.

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