7 Types of Movie Jump Scares
Jump scares in the movies
Horror movies can be the best kind of adrenaline rush. They provide a safe thrill by allowing their audience to experience part of the emotional roller coaster that they follow with the heroes and/or victims of the movie.
One of my favorite aspects of horror is the jump scare. The tension and then release of a moment can be both thrilling and cathartic. Below I list some of my favorite movie jump scares.
The Phantom of the Opera's face is revealed to an unexpecting audience
The classic scare
Since the silent movie era, filmmakers have been shocking audiences with sudden, startling moments. There’s a famous story about audience members fainting upon seeing the Phantom of the Opera’s face revealed for the first time.
Even the youngest modern audience members probably wouldn’t even bat an eye at Chaney's Phantom today. Horror makeup and effects have since evolved, but unexpected reveals still continue to stun us.
Wait Until Dark jump scare
The suspense scare
It’s not just strictly horror that can cause a great jump scare. Probably the best non-horror jump scare can be found in the climax of Wait Until Dark when Audrey Hepburn’s blind character is suddenly attacked by Alan Arkin’s home invader who seems to jump out of the corner of the screen and leap in a way that you were not expecting, especially from a film that, up until that point, has been primarily psychologically driven. But the jump scare works because of how well-placed it is.
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Lex and Tim with nothing but a piece of glass to protect them from the T-Rex's teeth
The kid scare
Jump scares are rare in a kid’s movie. I remember almost being forced to leave the theater at the beginning of the movie Casper because my little sister couldn’t handle the ghostly trio popping up behind Dr. Harvey and shouting at him with bloody eyes and teeth. I have to admit, my nine-year-old self looked away as well. But, you can pull it off if you do it right.
My favorite childhood jump scare, though, takes place in Jurassic Park. I was left in shock during the first T-Rex sequence when the kids are trying to turn off the flashlight, inadvertently attracting the dinosaur to the glass roof where she suddenly breaks through with her snout, leaving just a thick piece of glass between her six inch teeth and the kids’ vulnerable bodies.
I’d never seen kids come so close to a gory death in a movie, and your first time seeing a particular shocking image can make you jump in that unexpected way. This movie definitely paved the way to my teenage obsession with horror movies thanks to this scare.
Signs pantry scene
The perception scare
Sometimes a sequence can happen so fast that it disorients you. You find yourself jumping, but you don’t know why. This happened to me during my first viewing of Signs.
When Graham (Mel Gibson) confronts one of the aliens for the first time behind a pantry door, his curiosity gets the better of him. So, he decides to use a kitchen knife to get a first look at the creature from beneath the door.
In response, the alien reaches out to him with its sharp-nailed hand, causing a scuffle that results in Graham chopping off a few of the alien’s fingers. This all happened so fast, and both beings let out such a loud scream, that I interpreted that it was Graham’s fingers that were cut off.
You really don’t want your hero to lose any body parts on screen, and I thought things had just taken a turn for the worse. What I thought was another M. Night Shymalan twist was really just my eyes playing tricks on me, and the walls nearly shook with my reaction.
Jason emerges from the water in Friday the 13th
The slow but shocking jump scare
A jump scare doesn’t have to be split second quick to be effective. Sometimes it just needs to come at an unexpected time. Two movies that come to mind are the first Friday the 13th and Carrie.
Friday the 13th’s kills mostly take place from the killer’s perspective. Once the killer is revealed and then taken out, we think the danger is over. As lone-survivor Alice floats away on a boat in the lake, we think we’re just going to see her glide to safety, or at least to the closing credits.
So, when Jason, a character who has only been mentioned but never seen up to this point, suddenly pops out of the water in near slow motion, all bloated and rotted, you can’t believe your eyes. This was one scare that literally made me jump out of my seat, a reaction that I haven’t experienced before or since.
The ending of Carrie is one of the most famous in movie history. So, it loses the advantage of surprise, but it's still horrific in its delivery.
In a slow motion dream sequence, a numb and guilty Sue Snell walks up to the rubble of Carrie White’s home to place a bouquet of flowers on what is essentially her grave. This slow, gentle scene is suddenly disrupted by the bloodied hand of the prom queen reaching up and grabbing Sue’s arm as if to pull her down with her.
If you notice, Carrie’s hand grabs Sue at an uncharacteristically slow speed. But, the shift to a chilling music cue along with Sue’s blood curdling scream and Carrie’s gory arm pull it together so nicely that the jump scare rush washes over you. Sue’s dream bleeds back into reality with her mom holding her arm in the same place that Dream Carrie is grabbing her as Mrs. Snell attempts to calm her daughter down before the credits roll.
Dewey scares himself mid-rescue.
The funny jump scare
When a film scares you just to get a laugh, you feel like the victim of a practical joke, left foolish and even angry before you laugh it away. The Scream movies do a great job of playing for both laughs and scare interchangeably, leaving audiences confused as to how to react.
One scene that comes to mind is after Sidney's first encounter with the killer. After her boyfriend, Billy, comes through her bedroom window to comfort her, essentially "scaring" the killer away, Sidney is taken aback as his cell phone falls to the floor, prompting enough suspicion to make her turn and run from him as well.
When she opens her front door, she comes face to face with the mask worn by the killer who has just terrorized her, though it is now being held by an equally traumatized Deputy Dewey, there to answer the call for help. The franchise is littered with these jump scare gags as it attempts to incorporate humor throughout its otherwise serious story while still delivering the scares that horror audiences crave.
I Know What You Did Last Summer ending
The final scare
Sometimes horror movies just like to go out big. It can help keep the movie with you after the lights come on. It can also provide the biggest scare of the movie in some instances.
The ending to I Know What You Did Last Summer provides just that. The ending shot features the killer popping through the glass of a full length mirror at Julie, just when you thought she was home free. In a movie that didn’t pack the punch that Scream did in terms of classic horror scares, they saved their best scare for the end. It was enough to unleash a blood-curdling shriek from my 12-year-old self.
What scares you the most during a horror movie?
Jump scares take us for a ride
In an age when we have seen it all, I hope that the jump scare makes a solid comeback and that filmmakers find a way to freshen it up without losing the adrenaline rush that comes with it. Some movies are an emotional journey. Others are a ride. Jump scares to let us know that we’re heading downhill but that we’ll come out of it all right, even if the heroes onscreen don’t.
Which movies have made you scream or jump in your seat? Leave your answers in the comments below!