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True Beginning of the Hula

Updated on September 4, 2016
elayne001 profile image

Ruth Kongaika was born in the Rocky Mountains and has lived most of her life in the South Pacific. She travels, gardens and writes.

Hula skirts and leis  Personal photo REK
Hula skirts and leis Personal photo REK

Today, the hula is associated with a dance often including long mu’umu’us, grass skirts and leis as a form of entertainment at a dinner or show. That is only a minute part of the whole picture. In its earliest forms, the hula was a form of worship performed in a temple in honor of the Gods, and under the direction of a priest.

It was predominantly performed by males who were each carefully selected for their masculinity, virility and agility. Their movements extolled the virtues and powers of the Gods whom they worshipped including Ku, Kane, Lono, Kanaloa and many more gods and goddesses.

Hula male dancers
Hula male dancers
Personal photo REK
Personal photo REK

The hula has survived many challenges, even being banned by early Christians, and evolved to be the form it has taken on now. In the 21st Century, the purposes of the hula are to inspire, instruct, and entertain an audience.

Since I have lived in Hawaii for over two decades, I have come to appreciate and respect the mature hula dancers who possess knowledge of the history combined with Hawaiian life experience. Sure, a foreigner can come and attempt to grasp the depth and meaning of this form of dance, and give their limited interpretation, but only a true Hawaiian can dance the hula in a way that will transport you to another place and time.

Even the small children can delight with an ‘uwehe or ‘ami (hula dance steps), but a master of the hula will understand the physics and possess the mana (life force) to interpret the hula correctly. I took hula lessons at one time, and thought I became quite good at it, but realize now that I had only begun to truly learn the art of hula.

It takes many years for a person to be respected enough to be called a kumu hula (master hula teacher). Usually a kumu hula has been instructed over a course of years by another master teacher. They have spent hours learning the history, commitment, grace, dedication, protocol, skills and abilities required for proper execution.

Dancers at the Merrie Monarch Festival
Dancers at the Merrie Monarch Festival

Each year the Merrie Monarch Festival is held in Hawaii, keeping the art and culture of the hula alive. Master hula instructors work the whole year to present ancient and modern dances. Traditional as well as elaborate costumes are created for the competition. It perpetuates the honor and status of the kumu hula. At this festival, you can observe groups of men, women and children dancing in precise unison after months of practice and dedication.

Some of my granddaughters have been taking hula lessons, and are part Polynesian. I am always excited and happy to watch their performances. They learn many great attributes including self-confidence, a sense of community, and grace they may not learn elsewhere.

There are a few Hawaiian ladies in our community who are willing and able to perform a hula without any advance warning. They exude love and what I think the true meaning of aloha is. I am equally in awe as I watch a wrinkled old Hawaiian woman effortlessly performing the hula with grace and dignity.


Submit a Comment
  • memel03 profile image

    Melody Lanei 

    5 years ago from Jacksonville, FL

    Love this! Thank you so much for educating us on the history of the hula! Hawaiian culture has always intrigued me. I have so much respect for it. Thanks again!

  • elayne001 profile imageAUTHOR


    5 years ago from Rocky Mountains

    So happy that you took the time to read my hub and leave positive vibes. I'm sure you could write much more on the subject. Aloha!

  • elayne001 profile imageAUTHOR


    5 years ago from Rocky Mountains

    DDE - so glad you found it interesting. Thank you for your positive feedback.

  • hawaiianodysseus profile image

    Hawaiian Odysseus 

    5 years ago from Southeast Washington state

    Ah, this takes me back...on more levels than one, Elayne! Thank you for sharing, which to me is the core essence of hula.

    Aloha, dear friend!


  • DDE profile image

    Devika Primić 

    5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

    Great hub and so wel researched thanks for such an interesting nad useful hub

  • elayne001 profile imageAUTHOR


    5 years ago from Rocky Mountains

    I appreciate your reminiscing on the hula hoop - although I don't exactly know the connection, but it would be interesting to find out.

  • elayne001 profile imageAUTHOR


    5 years ago from Rocky Mountains

    yes, drbj, the boys do the hula too - very fun to watch. Great to see you here again!

  • brownella profile image


    5 years ago from New England

    Interesting hub, sadly the first thing I think of when I hear the word hula is hula hoops (my sisters and I spent hours competing with them as children). Reading about the origins of the actual dance was interesting. Thanks for sharing :)

  • drbj profile image

    drbj and sherry 

    5 years ago from south Florida

    Thanks for this hula lesson, elayne. There is obviously much more to the hula than I realized. So guys do the hula, too? Who knew? :)

  • elayne001 profile imageAUTHOR


    5 years ago from Rocky Mountains

    Thanks billybuc! It's been a while. I'm glad you stopped over to see my new hub. Aloha!

  • billybuc profile image

    Bill Holland 

    5 years ago from Olympia, WA

    Well that was interesting. Thanks for the education.


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