There's going to be so many differences that nobody could name them all. You realize that other than "Les Paul" those are all different corporations, right?
Gibson alone produces hundreds of unique models, and over the course of it's history....probably thousands of unique models of instruments.
Fender...same thing - they make hundreds of totally different guitars.
If you were to ask me what the difference was between a specific model of Gibson and a specific model of Fender - then I could help you.