Greta Garbo, the most beautiful woman who ever lived
Greta Garbo was a charismatic, breathtakingly beautiful Nordic actress who set her own standards and became a legend in her own time.She had an unforgettable face with perfect bone structure and was voted by The Guinness Book of World Records as the most beautiful woman who ever lived.
Regarded as one of the greatest as well as the most enigmatic movie stars ever produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and the Hollywood studio system, Garbo received a 1955 Honorary Oscar "for her unforgettable screen performances" and was ranked as the fifth greatest female star of all time by the American Film Institute.
Born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson in Stockholm, Sweden, the youngest of three children born to Karl Alfred Gustafsson and Anna Lovisa Johansson. Her older sister and brother were Alva and Sven.
She was 14 when her father, to whom she was very close, died of nephritis, leaving the family destitute. Greta was forced to leave school and go to work in a department store. The store used her for her modeling abilities for newspaper ads. She had no film aspirations until she appeared in an advertising short at that same department store while she was still a teenager. This led to another short film when Erik A. Petschler, a comedy director, saw the film. He gave her a small part in the film, _Luffarpetter (1922)_ . Encouraged by her own performance she applied for and won a scholarship in a Swedish drama school.
From 1922 to 1924 she studied at the Royal Dramatic Theatre, Stockholm. During that period she met Mauritz Stiller, the foremost Swedish director, who gave her an important role in GÃ¶sta Berlings Saga (1924; "The Story of GÃ¶sta Berling"), gave her the stage name Greta Garbo, and trained her in cinema-acting techniques.
Garbo in 1925
In 1925, when Stiller went to the United States to work for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, he insisted that Garbo be given a contract also. It was only after shooting commenced on her first American film, The Torrent, 1926, that MGM realized it had a potential great star. Stiller was not successful in Hollywood, but Garbo became MGM's biggest star.
In all, she appeared in 27 films (two in Sweden, one in Germany, and the remainder in Hollywood); her other major silent films were The Flesh and the Devil (1927) and Love (1927), both with the popular leading man John Gilbert, whose name was linked with hers in a much-publicized romance and she was said to have left him standing at the altar when she changed her mind about getting married.
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Greta Garbo as Mata Hari, 1931
The most beautiful or not?
Greta was utterly beautiful
The Talkies - and Superstardom
Garbo's first Talkie, always a worrying time for Silent actors at this crucial changeover period in cinema technology, was Anna Christie (1930). (The film was publicized with the slogan "Garbo Talks"). Her rich, husky voice and polished acting were a great success, although Garbo herself despised her performance. It earned her the first of her four Academy Award nominations for best actress. That same year, Garbo earned another Academy Award nomination for her role in Romance.
After successfully and seductively playing the title role in Mata Hari (1932)(see left) Greta was next part of an all-star cast in Grand Hotel in the same year, which won the Best Picture Oscar and featured her as a Russian ballerina.
She then had a contract dispute with MGM and did not appear on the screen for almost two years. They finally settled and she signed a new contract, which granted her almost total control over her movies. She exercised that control by getting her leading man in Queen Christina (1933), Laurence Olivier, replaced with Gilbert. In 1935, David O. Selznick wanted her cast as the dying heiress in Dark Victory -- filmed with Bette Davis in 1939 at Warner Brothers -- but she insisted on being cast instead in another screen version of Tolstoy's classic, Anna Karenina. (She had made a silent version of Anna Karenina entitled Love with John Gilbert in 1927.)
Her performance as the doomed courtesan in Camille (1936), directed by George Cukor, was called the finest ever recorded on film. She subsequently starred opposite Melvyn Douglas in the comedy Ninotchka (1939), directed by Ernst Lubitsch, which she herself enjoyed making, and which was one of her favorites.
Famous Ending of "Queen Christiana", 1933
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Greta Garbo in "Two-Faced Woman" , 1941
Garbo was the highest paid actress in America in the Thirties, but her last film, Two Faced Woman, made in 1941,was not a success. She retired from movies immediately permanently although she was almost lured out of retirement to make Hitchcock's The Paradine Case, 1947, but decided against it. She lived in New York city and was often seen strolling the streets near her apartment. She died from pneumonia on April 15th 1990 in New York City. Her ashes were returned to Sweden to be buried near her family.