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Kalaignar Karunanidhi - Ex-Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

Updated on March 19, 2015

Kalaignar Karunanidhi of Tamil Nadu

Kalaignar Karunanidhi is one of the founder members of DMK (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam), political party in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. He is also the chief of DMK from the death of C.N. Annadurai in 1969 till date.

He has been the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for five times (1969-71, 1971-74, 1989-91, 1996-2001 and 2006). He led the UPA in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry to win all the 40 Parliament seats in the 2004 Parliament elections.

Karunanidhi is known for his knowledge in and involvement for Tamil literature. His offerings cover a wide area like poem, letters, screenplays, novels, biographies, historic novels, stageplays, dialogues, songs etc.

He has expertly crafted Kuraloviam for Thirukural, Tholkaappiya Poonga, Poombukar as well as many poems, essays and books. Apart from literature, Karunanidhi has also played a part to the Tamil language through art and architecture.

Like the Kuraloviyam which Kalaignar wrote about Thirukkural, he through the construction of Valluvar Kottam gave an architectural presence to Thiruvalluvar, in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. At Kanniyakumari, southern tip of Indian peninsula Karunanidhi has constructed a 133 feet high statue of Thiruvalluvar which effectively portrays his feelings to the great immortal scholar.

Rising Sun

Valluvar Kottam

Photo: flickr under creative commons license,

On June 3, 1924, Karunanidhi was born in the village of Thirukuvalai, near Thiruvarur in Thanjavur district, the 'rice bowl' of Tamil Nadu. His father Muthuvel was a Tamil scholar and a Pandit, and his mother Anjugam Ammaiyar, a dedicated and loving housewife. Once, Karunanidhi said: "I was not the pet child of an affluent home. I was born of ordinary peasant stock, in a small village."

As a student, he did not envince much leaning for regular studies. But he had a keen interest for drama, poetry, and Tamil literature. As a boy of 13, he pushed himself into a cultural and social movement, fascinated by the great orator Pattukottai Alagir, a pillar of the then Justice Party, who came to Thiruvarur to address a meeting in 1932. The seeds of public spirit and service were sown in him by Alagiri. Karunanidhi entered politics at the age of 14 and participated in Anti-Hindi agitations. At a student's conference in Tanjore, Karunanidhi was joined as an important participant. But when he understood that the organising body had hidden political objectives, he pulled out from the convention. As a counteract move he started a new organisation called 'Tamil Manavar Manram', where he brought together all young people with a love for the Tamil language and culture. It was under the support of the Manram that the popular newspaper 'Murasoli' was born. At first he distributed a hand written newspaper called Manavar Nesan to its members. Later he founded a student organisation called Tamil Nadu Tamil Manavar Manram which was the first student division of the Dravidan Movement. Karunanidhi involved himself and the student society in social work with other members he would visit the nearby hamlets to do all that was possible within his limit. Here he started a newspaper for its associates which grew into Murasoli newspaper which is the DMK party's official newspaper.

His Political Career

THIRUVALLUVAR STATUE

Photo: flickr under creative commons license.

Kalaignar Karunanidhi has been under arrest several times in long political career combating for peoples' suffering this including against price raise, Anti-Hindi Agitation, for Eelam Tamils and other political actions. He has been detained over 14 times. Even in jail he set up a shadow government, and owed everyday jobs to every one of his cadres. During his periods in prison, Karunanidhi read and wrote widely. Karunanidhi led a fight in a bid was active in the Kallakudi struggle to rename Dalmiapuram railway Station. He was commended with the task of organizing the struggle. The cadres were separated into three batches, and Karunanidhi led the batch which lay down on the railway track, blocking the train by putting his head on the rail track and made powerful slogan "Udal Mannukku, Uyir Tamilukku" (Body to soil and Life to Tamil") that fascinated many to join him. They were quickly detained, the second group also met the same fate. When the third group lead by Kannadasan took its turn chaos broke, the police started to firing leading to the death of two. Karunanidhi was wedged in Thiruchirapalli (Trichy) Central Jail.

Karunanidhi, at the age of 20, left to work for Jupiter Pictures as a script writer. His first film Rajakumari, add him much popularity. It was here that his skills as a script writer were sharpened. He recorded more than 70 screenplays.

Kalaignar Speach: Video (Tamil) - Kalaignar is one the Powerful Tamil Orator.

What do you think of Kalaignar Karunanidhi?

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Karunanidhi with Super Star Raninikanth

Kalaignar Karunanidhi Videos

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    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 4 years ago

      What an amazing career he's had.

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      The angel dust didn't seem to take in November and back again with a smile....

    • VspaBotanicals profile image

      VspaBotanicals 4 years ago

      What a wonderful man!!!

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      ayya epadi irukeenga?

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      ayya epadi irukeenga?

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      vanakam ayya epadi irukeenga? nan trichy mam engineering college la B.E padikiren. enaku oru aasai ungali parthu unga kooda oru photo eduthukanum.neenga vachiruka pen ena brand ayya athai thedi trichy le pogatha kadai illa. engaume kidaikala.en friends ellam atha mari pen kekuranga.enaku atha mari 20 pen venum ayya enaku kidaikuma?

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      honourable x cm ayya vanakam.nan ungal theevira thondan. nan B.E padikiren.firstyear in trichy mamce.en familiye ungalai parka aasai padikirom.unga photo collection niraiya vachiruken. neenga use panra pen ena brand ayya. oru murai athai parthen.athai thedi trichyil alaiyatha kadai illai.engaume kidaiakala.en friends 20 peru athu mari pen kekuranga.nan ungalai pakkanum.unga pen mari enaku vangi tharuveengala ayya? ayya feb1 nan chennai varen ungalai pakka mudiuma? ungalta appointment ethum vanganuma? trichy otha kal ganesan thambi venkatasalam pearan nan. enga thatha kallakudi porathathula unga kooda sernthu rail mariyal portam pannavar.

      unga kooda sernthu oru photo edukanum enaku oru aasai athu niraiveruma?nan dmk la oru periya aala varanumnu ninaikiran.athu niraiveruma?

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Returning with angel dust for this wonderful tribute to Kalaignar Karunanidhi.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Was in the neighborhood so thought I'd stop back, I love that picture of Kalaignar Karunanidhi and Super Star Raninikanth.

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      anonymous 6 years ago

      An interesting look into the politics of your nation, it seems like politics is much the same for us. May our leaders have integrity.

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      anonymous 6 years ago

      I have often heard the tiff between Karunanidhi and Jayalalitha, hope that people of Tamil Nadu make the right choice and get the best government.

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      riazs 6 years ago

      Politics is a game especially it applies to tamilnadu and it's a pure gambling where in alternate parties rule the state. Either we proclaim ourselves as the most intelligent civilians of India or idiots who fall behind filmworld and select the matinee idols as leaders. Anyhow the curse of this dual leadership will contue here. Yes, indeed the 2G scam really triggered the whole problem agianst DMK and it's failure to come to power again and that allegation issue had struck into the minds of public so deep even a common illetirate man kept talking about it without knowing what it means 2G or 3G. Tell me who's a saint in ploitical world and the power he gets is only to swindle as much as he can and even beyond his limtations. But many appreciable and laudable things had happened in DMK regime and none could deny that fact. Tamilnadu had really come up in industries, infra structure and economy only in DMK regime. But the pity is the election results where there is an absolute majority for ADMK even to the extent that the opponents could not even rise their fingers as it was a total disaster for DMK. Should we call ourselves that stupid to demoralise DMK to this low level not sufficient enough to fill the benches of opponenet party in assembly or intelligent enough to elect ADMK to anticipate reforms like Gujarat? Only time could tell the answer.

    • kguru1979 lm profile image

      kguru1979 lm 6 years ago

      He almost lost now.. Election results announced...! Mainly because of 2G scam he was fully swept out...! But still he has done many good things for Tamilnadu people in his rule...!

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      this the letter to tamil father.appa i am meena from agricultural poor family background.i am the elder and first grauate in my home.i have three younger sisters.all are studying well.i finished Bsc(nursing) in our M.G.R university under government quota with bank lone.in our state in nursing department only the canditates those who are studied the diplomo in government hospital sector candidates only having government councilling and posting in government hospitals.so please sir, consider us and give government job for us also.i know ur the right person,and definitely ur government do the favour of us.thank u sir.my email address -meenasree87@gmail.com

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      Mariyathaikuriya kalaignar Ayya,

      Naan oru engineering student,irunthalum naan theevira DMK thondan.Ennoda appa High school H.M.Avar tambarm aruge ulla padappai.yil muthal M.G.R. rasigar mandra thalaivar.M.G.R. ADMK arambitha pothilum,kazhagathin meethu ulla patral THI.MU.KA.vile irunthu varugirar.Avar PERIYAR,ANNA,UNGALAI patri yellam sonna pothu naan ungalai ninaithu miggavum athisayithu vitten.Enaku ungal moovarudanum oru pugaipadam eduthu kolla aasai.Aanal athu ippothu saathiyam illai.Athanal ungaludan naan oru pugaipadam eduthu kolla anumathi tharuveergala ayya pls?

      Ennudaya tholaipesi en:9944341778

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      MR.KALAINGNAR KARUNANIDHI iyya vanakkam, iyya am sridhar from chennai am fineshed my MBA, am surching so many jobs but am not get it job, so plz any privat are gov jobs arange me iyya plz kindly take my small request plz iyya, endru ungal kaladiel panigeran iyya..

      #replay this is my mail ID srisridhar7@yahoo.com

      #pls pls pls pls send the copy of the comment to Mr.CM

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      I hope that this will be his last tenure as CM.. he will reitre soon from his politicial activities..

    • sukkran trichy profile image
      Author

      sukkran trichy 7 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      @anonymous: hi, surya. you can buy it from "poompuhar handicraft showrooms". for your ref here is a link: http://tamilnaduhandicrafts.com/profile.php

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      can anyone tell me where to buy valluvar statue that's been sold in semmozhi manadu in chennai

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      my grandfather is in thoothukudi.his two eyes are operated in thoothukudi vasan eye care hospital.for Rs,65,000.the amount send by the manbumiku karunanithi iyya was send to one eye only.iyya please send the amount for the another eye also. to my respected karunanithi iyya.

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      can anyone tell me where to buy valluvar statue that's been sold in semmozhi manadu in chennai

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      I suppose the words "Raising Sun" in the first page should be "Rising Sun" meaning Udhaya Sooriyan in Tamil.

    • sukkran trichy profile image
      Author

      sukkran trichy 7 years ago from Trichy/Tamil Nadu

      @anonymous: hi friend, you can send your poem to the following email addrs: = cmsec@tn.gov.in,=. please note. he is the busiest man in the earth. yes, he is working 18 to 20 hours a day. don't wast his time. double check your poem, if suitable, send through this address. i am sure it will reach its destination. any way thanks for your interest in language 'tamil' and eagerly waiting to read your poem.

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      we want to keep the statue of Kalaignar Karunanidhi in every home of tamilnadu. bcox Kalaignar Karunanidhi is father of tamil nadu

    • profile image

      anonymous 7 years ago

      Beloved CM

      I am in the process of finalising a detailed poem on semmozhi from the stages of sngam to till date in a metered manner. The idea is to recognize every known personalities irrespective of their personal background. CM too is of the belief of samathuvam in all angles. This poem is very exhastive and everyone is given credit for their contributions to the development,protection and continuance of our mother language semmozhi tamil.

      I want this creation to reach CM's hand directly for his review.I can send it in electronic format to an email address if given to me. Please advise me so that I can keep it printed and attached through email asap

      I await your advise and help in my email ID as given below

    • profile image

      sadhasiv 8 years ago

      My favorite and lovely chief minister of Tamilnadu .

    • profile image

      anonymous 8 years ago

      mr. kalingar was good man

      i love so much kalingar

      kalingar symbol of tamilnadu

      he is very sweet