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The Real History of Vampires

Updated on October 16, 2011

The Evolution of Vampires

We currently live in a pop culture world that seems obsessed with vampires. From gothic vampire novels, to endless movies, television and art, the vampire archetype continues to grow in popularity and sophistication.

What is behind this seeming obsession with vampires, in our western culture? Why does this archeype endure? What does the vampire have, or do, that makes him/her so attractive and compelling? When did the transformation occur, from foul miscreant to suave tragic hero? Who is the vampire - really?

Vampire culture seems in stark contrast with the current technological age and advances in science. Starting out in the dim and obscure recesses of Eastern European folk tales and legends, the vampire has reached center stage in modern pop culture. From foul revenant of the grave, to super hero status within 100 years of evolution. Why?

Early Vampires

Vampires Fresh from the Grave!

The vampires of folk history were totally repugnant creatures. They were depicted as crude, foul smelling, reanimated corpses, with a single parasitic-like motivation for blood. They are never actually observed in their vampire state, by the living, but their existence is confirmed by circumstantial evidence within the surrounding community.

The evidence for the existence of a vampire was thought to include such things as the sudden deaths of citizenry and livestock, under unclear or questionable circumstances. Also indicative of vampirism, was the sudden onslought of mysterious disease symptoms, especially those causing pale skin coloration and slow physical wasting (like tuberculosis - which was rampant and contagious during the 19th century in Europe and the U.S.).

Along comes a traveling vampire hunter, often a clergyman or other supposed learned person, with a specific knowledge of vampires and vampirism, and the cure.

The only cure of course, for the wretched, eternally damned vampire and for the welfare of the entire community, was to find the grave of the suspected vampire/corpse, dig it up, cut-off it's head and drive a wooden stake through it's heart.

Now the dug-up vampire/corpse would show certain characteristics that would confirm the vampire identity. These vampire/corpse characteristics included such things as long fingernails (supposed proof of continued life), reddened lips, cheeks and fingers, and finally, blood remaining in the heart, demonstrated when the stake was driven in.

There are actually many historical, documented cases in the U.S. and Europe where vampire hunts were conducted, along with the grisly cures. I will provide one such example from the State of Connecticut in the late 19th century.

Vampire: Foul Revenants from the Grave - Happy Halloween 2011

The Bizarre but True Story of a Vampire in 19th Century Rhode Island - Enter the real Vampire Hunters!

The story of the last official case of vampirism in the U.S. is that of 19 year old Mercy Brown of Exeter, Rhode Island, who died on January 17,1892.

The Browns were an upstanding farming family and pillars of their community. Mercy died of consumption (tuberculosis), which had previously killed her mother and sister and which now also seriously affected her brother, Edwin.

Mercy's father, George Brown was now faced with losing his entire family to this then misunderstood and incomprehensible disease. He was frantic and there were no answers available from science or medicine to help.

To save his son and only remaining relative, Edwin gave-in to the folklore suggestions of some of his neighbors, who felt the situation was indicative of vampirism in their community. It was asserted that the deaths and illnesses of his family were caused by vampirism. Son Edwin was slowly wasting away and it was necessary to immediately put an end to the vampirism in the Exeter community.

Mercy had been laid to rest in a temporary above ground crypt behind the Baptist Church in Chestnut Hill Cemetery. The ground was frozen in January and she could not be buried until Spring. On March 17,1892, George Brown and a group of neighbors went to the cemetery and inspected Mercy's body. Finding the body suspiciously well preserved, they cut out her heart and burned it on a rock - later mixing the ashes in a liquid concoction which they gave to Edwin to drink (as a cure). Mercy's desecrated remains were then reburied in a plot next to her sister and mother. Mercy's brother Edwin was not cured and died two months later.

Thus ends this tragic, but true tale of vampirism in the U.S. Unfortunately, due to the prevailing folklore and superstitions in the 19th century and the pervasive spread of consumption, these bizarre practices often occurred in Europe and the U.S.

The Mercy Brown Crypt

The Mercy Brown Grave

Vampire Classics - Keep Your Window Closed at Night!

The Victorian Novel Transforms the Vampire

Bram Stoker Creates Count Dracula, a new image is born

In 1897, with the publishing of his novel "Dracula," Bram Stoker successfully transforms the image and the conventions of the Vampire from lowly sub-human parasite, to that of an intelligent, but somewhat evil superhero. Count Dracula resides in a castle, has superhuman powers and unlimited material wealth. He is a mysterious and genious intellect, who is (almost) immortal.

The new vampire is fantastically seductive and is almost omnipotent in his knowledge and power over humans.

However, he is a tragic hero who's eternal damnation and demise can be hastened by sunlight, and wooden stakes through the heart. He is also vulnerable to the beauty and innocence of attractive mortal women, who he must pursue, corrupt and discard.

Although impressively handsome and lonely, he can no longer experience the love and true companionship of a mortal woman and is surrounded by shallow creatures he has already corrupted and who once corrupted, can no longer be desired or loved.

The new literary vampire is incredibly popular, as the attractive, evil protagonist of the new Victorian Gothic novel. He becomes an enduring symbol of the anti hero.

Some writers have suggested that the Dracula novel represents the underlying sexual repression of Victorian society and the desire for male domination and the subjugation of women.

Clearly the dark lover representing dangerous and forbidden sex would have been a popular character in a society where open sexual expression was forbidden to women. Vampires embodied both forbidden sexuality and escape from death but their wretched form of existence was punishment for their transgression.

Today's Popular Super Anti- hero, The Vampire - Fear and Admiration

I think there are lots of subtle and not so subtle reasons that vampires have become a hit in our popular culture. They have truly become The Anti-hero" to which other anti-heros aspire (this would include other undead and revenant corpse types, such as zombies and those filthy shaggy werewolves). Let's consider the modern vampire myth and what it offers, primarily to the young.

1). Vampires are sexually attractive and charismatic.

2). They have superhuman intelligence and powers, such as the ability to fly and to crawl through tight spaces.

3).They can use mind control and telepathy with humans to get what they want.

4). They inspire fear and nobody messes with them without suffering dire consequences.

5). Vampires have pretty much conquered death and achieved immortality. Modern vampires have even developed a remarkable vaccine which allows them to function as normal humans during the day and to hide their true vampire identity (dude!).

6). Vampires can also use their powers to enslave other lowly creatures, such as wild animals and werewolves to do their dirty work for them.

7). Vampires are really starting to come around and to form loving relationships with humans. It is now the opinion of many, that vampires have been grossly mistreated and misunderstood in the past and that they have endured centuries of cruelty and wooden stakes through the heart, from ignorant humans.

Of course there is also a downside to being a modern vampire as well.

1).The vampire is still a symbol of fear and evil and no one wants to be on their dinner menu.

2). Drinking blood is still considered pretty gross and disgusting and most would cringe at a 100% blood diet.

3). Killing other people, even for food reasons, is unpleasant and still totally unacceptable in modern society.

4). It's also still a fact that vampires have few real friends and have to stay constantly on the move to avoid the zealous vampire hunters wishing to send them to eternal hell!

Vampires are interesting symbols which have truly come alive and evolved through literature and the gothic romance. A great escape from everyday life where real danger and evil are not always so apparent or interesting. The real fear and superstition of vampires has been transformed into an impotent but entertaining media genre in little more than 100 years time.

Vampires, Evil, or Misunderstood?

barnabas collins vampire
barnabas collins vampire

The vampire is a significant character in our folklore and has evolved over the years, from the personification of evil, to a tragic misunderstood superhero.

What does the Vampire represent to you?

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Which of these two vampires is the scariest/ creepiest?

See results

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Vampires and Ghouls Please Introduce Yourself

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    • profile image

      xyz 12 months ago

      pless vimpires the real history in hindi print

    • profile image

      zeal 2 years ago

      precious dream i don"t care of anything else i just want to live with a vampire forever.thank you.

    • profile image

      onkar 2 years ago

      Nice movie vampire

    • profile image

      OILDALE1 4 years ago

      I love vampire movies!!not enough of them...

    • profile image

      Demon_666 4 years ago

      god and churches should not even be around no way god is real....

    • profile image

      Demon_666 4 years ago

      @SandyDell: ok well just SAYING god is not even real so...ya...

    • SandyDell profile image

      Sandy Dell 4 years ago from Lenore, Idaho

      @jose-velasquez-54540218: Interesting thought! Church had a great deal of power over the people during the era you sited, so this could very well be where some of the stories originated.

    • profile image

      angeljamil 4 years ago

      @superbookdepot lm: hi do will u be mine my friend u have fb id tellme dear i love vampires n i wait for ur reply

      angel javed

    • profile image

      jose-velasquez-54540218 4 years ago

      Vampire is misunderstood , a folk tales negative hero , What I believe that It was founded by the priests of the 14th century or nearby .... Per my opinion when they found some peoples who've extra teeth which looks like hell, so to create the church monopoly, they said that these prople are cursed by the god & names them vampire & priest made them to get out from the city & compelled them to stay in the forest where doing regular hunting & doing regular struggle with animals they became a king of physico peoples who started eating raw flesh & bloods of animals ...... This is the way , Vampire was created by chruch authorities as per my opinion ....... But in the present time, they doesn't exists....

    • craftycollector profile image

      craftycollector 4 years ago

      Sorry, I don't really go for vampire culture or even the old stories.

    • profile image

      mayla-guerrero 4 years ago

      @issobell: me i really think they are real . !!

    • profile image

      mayla-guerrero 4 years ago

      i really love them ... whatever they say .

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Very good. Vampires are so awesome

    • profile image

      anonymous 4 years ago

      Fun lens! Love the early vampires; especially Nosferatu.

    • profile image

      angel93say 5 years ago

      @issobell: h!yeah.i do thinks so?maybe?i guess.hehe!yeah!

    • profile image

      Echo Phoenix 5 years ago

      I see the vampire is a metaphor... something that sucks the life from you simply because you believe it has power over you.

    • GregKuhn profile image

      GregKuhn 5 years ago

      I prefer zombies as vampires are just too powerful to deal with. Unstoppable - which makes them a scary "foe". Thanks for this interesting lens.

    • profile image

      ruthsheelaryder 5 years ago

      @issobell: i think there is supernatural stuff like them but people look at these things in different prespectives like for example some think its scary some think its wicked to have superpowers i guess vampires r representing something something that not everyone knows about

    • profile image

      issobell 5 years ago

      @clix4ads: do you think they might actually be real?

    • profile image

      issobell 5 years ago

      Does any one here think that vampires might be real?

    • microfarmproject profile image

      microfarmproject 5 years ago

      I enjoy vampire stories, but I did not know the story of Mercy Brown. Very interesting lens.

    • profile image

      BarbaraCasey 5 years ago

      The story of Mercy Brown is fascinating. What an interesting lens.

    • CheyanneWassell profile image

      CheyanneWassell 5 years ago

      Great lense. I'm into all the vampire stuff, everything to Buffy the Vampire to (God help me) the Twilight saga. But the history behind them is just amazing and so fascinating, so thank you for sharing!

    • Lenskeeper profile image

      Lenskeeper 5 years ago

      Nice lens. Blessed by this Squid Angel. I'm also adding your lens to my plexo at my Antique Vampire Hunter Kit lens :)

    • profile image

      googlesniperfreetraffic 5 years ago

      Thank you for the great information, take a look exactly....

    • profile image

      clix4ads 5 years ago

      (if vamps exist) may be they r victm of their vapirism bt they r a danger for humans. we should be realistic . we r humans, vamps food not one of them. we can show sympthy or even love for them bt they can't. i dont think dat humans and vamps should be friend.

    • profile image

      allycat3477 5 years ago

      @secret11: have you ever seen a real one i have and a real ghost thats right i see died people!!

    • profile image

      allycat3477 5 years ago

      i am in love with a vampire and i am the most great full person in the world <3

    • profile image

      alexis-michelle-garcia 5 years ago

      okay sorry to rain on your pa-raid but to me i am a grade-a vampire hunter , not cool , blood sucking demons , never trust them how do i know i hate to admit it but i was one , now the guy i was with is one because of ME!!! now i wish i hadn't im on the run to get him and when i do he will never wish to have toyed with the daughter of a vampire hunter . Its all about gaining their trust and then Bam!! right in the face , if have a vampire problem notify me , i will end them before they end me

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      The man in the photo under your section titled "Vampires, Evil, or Misunderstood?". I remember him. I walked with a cross around my neck for months. It was a rosary. A rosary isn't even meant to be a piece of jewelry. His portrayal of a vampire scared the crap out of me! He was so realistic!

    • PamKeesey profile image

      PamKeesey 5 years ago

      Nice overview! I, for one, think the folklore is so much more interesting than the myriad vampire universes portrayed in film and fiction.

    • profile image

      paige-barnett 5 years ago

      http://youtu.be/YiQRBuHIBSU

      Epic Level TV, a genre and comedy based web channel belonging to the Machinima network, home of James Farrs animated XOMBIE series and the original comedy series Space Guys in Space and Dungeon Bastard, released the first reality series to examine modern vampirism, "Vampires: New Orleans." Big city America meets old world magic here, lending an entertaining and fascinating commentary on society in post Hurricane Katrina. Vampires gives viewers an alternative perspective to the fictitious vampire stories that permeate our storybooks and media screens. The season has 10 episodes and will air weekly on Thursday at youtube.com/epicleveltv.

    • allenwebstarme profile image

      allenwebstarme 5 years ago

      I love Vampires !

    • profile image

      riya24 5 years ago

      dude my wish im died and im birth a vampire

    • profile image

      JimDickens 5 years ago

      You would like the history of Flad the Impaler. He was real and did love to draw blood from his victims.

    • MelonyVaughan profile image

      MelonyVaughan 5 years ago

      Fun lens! Great information!

    • profile image

      antoniow 5 years ago

      Amazing lens! Keep up the good work!

    • krakensquid profile image

      krakensquid 5 years ago

      Fantastic and fascinating lens!

    • profile image

      secret11 5 years ago

      honestly theres a lot of weird things in this world not just about that vampire..but i also believe in paranormal. activities.cause i seen it with my own eyes when i was in grade school..and it happened to my mom..expert say that its a bad spirits...and that's the most scary..moments of my life...when i hear my mom...saying some words..and it sounds a voice of a boy...and her face..my mom change..i don't know..how i can describe..her..but..and she was very strong.and she never open her hands..and then her eyes looks like she angry..with..those guys expert on that paranormal activities...

    • profile image

      secret11 5 years ago

      @love4randomness1: but i dont know if..who killed that guy..because until now....that weird women is always there..every midnight..and theres no one attempt to..talk on that weird women because we are all scared......but i don't know if that women is a vampire..or not..cause the only things that Ive been see is that paranormal activities

    • profile image

      secret11 5 years ago

      @abhishekgopinath: i dont know..maybe ..but i see real one..ill say it if they really drink blood...or they vegetables like us.........

    • profile image

      secret11 5 years ago

      i don't know if vampires really exist..this time..but there is a man here.in our place ..die with unknown reason...some say he die because of snakes bite..and some people say that..he killed by weird creatures...and they find out the the guy..has a 6 bites on his neck..and one on his hands..and the wound was looks like the blood was being suck..by 4 sharps teeth.with a 3 inches long...but before it happened..there is some people notice that everynight,..there was a weird creatures...who was always there in a place where the guy die....there is some teenagers.also notice.that place....that there is weird .women..every midnight...and that place was known here as a dangerous place everynight......its sound scary..but..im curious too if what that's women do in that dark place....every midnight.......

    • love4randomness1 profile image

      love4randomness1 5 years ago

      Very interesting lens, Squid-liked :) Maybe you would like to check out my lens "A collection of the best vampire photos." Hugs

    • TheNupps profile image

      TheNupps 5 years ago

      Interesting read. Great lens.

    • profile image

      abhishekgopinath 5 years ago

      do any one think that vampires.. the blood drinking demean is or was real......

    • ChadwickTheBrave profile image

      ChadwickTheBrave 5 years ago

      fantastic lens! i've always seen myself as having a lot of similarities to vampires, such as burning easily in the sunlight, being pale, and having a sensitivity to garlic. but really there's tons of great info in the lens, and you worded things very well :)

    • Frank Edens profile image

      Frank Edens 5 years ago

      Oh, you should watch https://hubpages.com/entertainment/underworld-awak for more vampire movies :) i'm a big fan...

    • Rhidawn profile image

      Rhidawn 5 years ago

      Awesome lens. I love vampires.

    • lasertek lm profile image

      lasertek lm 5 years ago

      Great lens! I learned so much.

    • profile image

      vickie673 5 years ago

      nice!

    • profile image

      mrpetem lm 5 years ago

      learn something new everyday. nice lens.

    • profile image

      VLC111 5 years ago

      That second photo with the old vampire creeps me out.

    • titanslayer profile image

      titanslayer 5 years ago

      I have done a little research on various occultic practices and creatures from a christian perspective and I always wondered why people thought vampires were so cool despite their nasty origins, still don't get.

      It good lens.

    • profile image

      halloweenprops 5 years ago

      Enjoyed reading this!

    • profile image

      CashChri 5 years ago

      Finally something other than the new "pop vampire" stuff.

      Nice lens ;)

    • profile image

      NidhiRajat 5 years ago

      amazing and thrilling ..congrats

    • profile image

      NidhiRajat 5 years ago

      amazing and thrilling ..congrats

    • Warrenpeace21 profile image

      Warrenpeace21 5 years ago

      A lens with a lot of interesting information, excellent!

    • profile image

      kelli320 5 years ago

      Perfect October lens for Halloween.

    • profile image

      henrylayla 5 years ago

      enjoyed your lens happy Halloween

    • Wendy Leanne profile image

      Wendy Leanne 5 years ago from Texas

      I really enjoyed reading your lens. Thumbs up from me! Happy Halloween. =)

    • SilmarwenLinwelin profile image

      SilmarwenLinwelin 5 years ago

      Interesting lens, I enjoyed reading it!

    • profile image

      miaponzo 5 years ago

      Thanks for this vampire info lens!

    • Mclure2 profile image

      Mclure2 5 years ago

      I love that first picture of that spooky forest. That is a great pic. Those kinds of scenery are very rare. Did you take it yourself?

    • profile image

      333ideas 5 years ago

      Cool page! I've been working on Halloween pages. And I think your page is really nice. Please visit my main page sometime, www.squidoo.com/anything-to-save-a-buck

    • RF153541 profile image

      RF153541 5 years ago

      great vampire lens... very informative....

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Glad I browsed upon your lens this morning, enjoyed it indeed, I'll keep my windows locked. If you like to browse lens as I do, mine has a great educational topic with poll questions for my readers to enjoy.

    • profile image

      Obscure_Treasures 5 years ago

      This lens is just wonderful...just out of my stock of words to explain how much I liked your lens. I never thought that someone can even think of such a topic and create a lens on The Real History of Vampires. Great lens.

    • Zodiacimmortal profile image

      Kim 5 years ago from Yonkers, NY

      added this lens to my Horrifically Everything Halloween featured Lens es

    • profile image

      shahrukh021 5 years ago

      Awesome lens!!!

      i never seen a lens like this about vampires

    • Actiongames LM profile image

      Actiongames LM 5 years ago

      Lots of tails and stories of supernatural things started with bad corn. When corn goes bad it can get a type of fungus. This fungus when ingested acts like a acid or magic mushrooms. It can cause mass hallucinations in a town. All of a sudden every one thinks Bob is a monster. Read up on it, because knowledge is power!!!!

    • JackNimble profile image

      JackNimble 5 years ago

      So where did the first ideas or thoughts of Vampires originate? Cool Lens.

    • profile image

      writer_villa 5 years ago

      Vampires are mysterious!

    • profile image

      senpaiit 5 years ago

      m not sure... over centuries... they are still mystery... unfolded.......

    • Handytools profile image

      Handytools 5 years ago

      Great lens, they really have evolved over the centuries, and their diversity from old days to modern age is what will continue keeping Vampires an icon, feared or loved, in pop culture. The Vampire is always going to be the type of character one can create a story around to target any audience.

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      Thanks for a great lens. There was a program on recently about real people being buried then dug up and a ceremony as "vampires" by frightened villages, even in the 21st century. Vampires do tend to represent their time, with today's vampires being quite different from the sexually repressed Victorian era

    • modernchakra profile image

      modernchakra 5 years ago

      Thank for the timely historical overview of vampires. Always nice to know some of the reasons or at least "supposed" reasons behind the things we are scared of...and also what we dress up for on Halloween. Thanks for your time and work for this lens, I will make sure to like it.

    • profile image

      alyssa87 5 years ago

      awesome! thanks for sharing, i thot vampires are just part of stories.....

    • profile image

      Septamia 5 years ago

      I know another story. In the Middle Ages, when medicine was in its infancy, did not know how to treat people with anemia. These people could not stay in the sun, had a fair complexion. For this reason, they appeared on the street, wrapped in dark clothing, or at dusk.

      These patients are really drink blood (animal) and they got better.

      Well, people have come up with interesting and scary stories about vampires.

    • profile image

      geektax 5 years ago

      Great lens!

    • RaverGoat profile image

      RaverGoat 5 years ago

      Fantastic lens! Very informative. :)

    • SAMEPRINCESS10 profile image

      SAMEPRINCESS10 5 years ago

      I do have a favorite Vamp tho. He started out in The 4rth Harry Potter Movie. Who is he? Thanks!

    • SAMEPRINCESS10 profile image

      SAMEPRINCESS10 5 years ago

      I'm not hungry. I don't want to suck your blood right now. So am i Buffy? No! That is kinda mean. When you take their lives. When they don't take yours. I get the point of this whole situation. It kinda hurts to hear it from myself. It does! Thanks!

    • SAMEPRINCESS10 profile image

      SAMEPRINCESS10 5 years ago

      Hi, i am neither one of these. More or, less i should be a Buffy the Vampire Slayer Follower. How about the Angel series? Maybe i can follow him? I dream of zombies, and ghosts slipping through walls. As i follow them through darkness hunting for someone, or something? Seeing at times a glowing sunburst of light. Where something should be? Thanks!

    • LotusLandry profile image

      LotusLandry 5 years ago from Southern California

      Hello from the Indecisive Vampire. (and Bunnicula) I love your illustrations.

      /the-indecisive-vampire-a-lyric

    • profile image

      RosemaryLucas 5 years ago

      Awesome looking lens and I enjoyed reading it. The best Vampires are those depicted by Hammer Horror!

    • profile image

      franklinsite 5 years ago

      These will make you stand out among the crowd. You will be able to define your individual style by matching colorful Abercrombie clothing with the dark and solid colors of Ed Hardy clothing.

      ed hardy clothing

    • profile image

      toxicgoth040896 5 years ago

      @rwoman: and what would that argument be?

    • profile image

      toxicgoth040896 5 years ago

      I beleave in vampires and i feel sorry for them to live in a misty darkness not being able to explain themselves.vampires have been misunderstood for thousands of centuries, Just because they lust something so thick and pure and it satifies them but never fullfilly fills them doesn't give the right for people to shove a stake threw there heart... what if animal could shove a stake threw our heart were killing them for food to satifiy us so what is the difference hell there just like us just have cold skin alregic to sunlight and drink sweet vevilty substance blood... just saying =) love you vampires i got yalls back

    • profile image

      rahul53 5 years ago

      i like vampires, i love vampires,plz bite me

    • EMangl profile image

      EMangl 6 years ago

      Bite me, that's a good Lens

    • WhiteOak50 profile image

      WhiteOak50 6 years ago

      Just letting you know that I have featured this page on my new Kindred the Embrace

    • profile image

      kikit16 6 years ago

      very interesting lens, i quite enjoyed it..I do believe that in the early ages (1900s and before) vampirism did exist but with all the rubbish of killing them because they are monsters has "endangered" them. I do believe that very few do exist, and honestly it is a big dream of mine, it would be absolutely fascinating to meet one and learn so many interesting things, however if they do exist they are hiding themselves, living right among us but cannot show themselves due to the fear stories have created for them. Yes, it isn't very pleasant to have to kill someone to drain them of their own blood for survival but that's what it is- survival, and Im sure most of them didn't ask for a life like this, it is a curse, and one that they must live with...

    • rwoman profile image

      rwoman 6 years ago

      Great lens! Perhaps as a vampire expert you can help my husband and I settle an argument @ http://www.squidoo.com/vampires-vs-zombies

    • profile image

      sugardaddy_sky 6 years ago

      Interesting lens. not sure if vampire is real but i wish it was.. only if they are hot..haha!

    • filmic profile image

      filmic 6 years ago

      great lens - i love Nosferatu...having said that, The Lost Boys will always have a place in my heart.

    • SeanVernall LM profile image

      SeanVernall LM 6 years ago

      Very nice lens. Of course it was actually John Polidori's 'The Vampyre' written in 1819 that first established the vampire as the charismatic and sophisticated figure we know today, but 'Dracula' is frequently given more emphasis due to its numerous cinematic interpretations - even though it was written 78 years after Polidori.

    • stephenteacher profile image

      Stephen Carr 6 years ago from Corona, CA

      Enjoyed a little history. Nice lens.

    • profile image

      grannysage 6 years ago

      Just doing some research on vampires for something I am writing and found this very informative and interesting lens. Well deserving of the purple start.