An Essay on Modern Day Communication
The Beggining of Effective Communication Globally
The first major step in the development of telecommunication happened early in the 20th century when certain individuals where beginning to harness the power of electricity, the first step in the creation of the telegraph was accredited to a man named samuel morse who was a proffesor of arts and design in new york at the time when he proved that signals could be transmitted by wire. He used pulses of current to deflect an electromagnet which moved a marker to produce written codes on a strip of paper - this invention was famously dubbed the morse code.
the following year the inventenion was modified to emboss the paper with dots and dashes, he gave a public demonstration in 1838 however it was not until five years later that the government invested $30,000 to construct an experimental telegraph line. this invention connected the world in ways that was previously unthinkable, europe was connected to eachover making communication easy in their immediate area however as yet there was no way of connecting across the pacific so that communication with america was possible. now how do you think they got around this problem? well...they got a big wire and they streched it across the pacific! from britain to america they transported the wire on a boat one side britain one side america and they met in the middle and connected the wire together, just think how utterly insane that is and yet it worked!
the globalisation of the telegraph connected the world to eachover and many thought that this would make wars obsolete because if we can all communicate with eachover we would all understand eachover better, that was a very innocent way of looking at things because shortly after the first world war happened which would never have been able to happen if the world was not connected in such an intricate way .
The Birth of the Telephone
The Telephone - what an incredible and world changing invention which has influenced the way we communicate with people forever, in fact i would argue that aside from the internet this is THE most influential change in society that has ever happened. the telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell who gained an american patent for the invention in 1876, he was an emminent scientist, engineer and inventor, a man of many talents who went on to make many other inventions including groundbreaking work in telecommunications hydrofoils and aeronautics.
today we take this invention for granted, the telephone you have in your house is one of the most amazingly useful devices ever created all you do is pick up a phone dial a few digits and you are instantly connected to the person you're trying to get hold of.
suprisingly enough the telephone you have in your house is actually probably one of the simplest things in your house too, it is simple because the telephone connection to your house has not changed in nearly a century and if you where to take an antique phone and plug it into the wall jack in your house it would work just as well as a modern phone. Your phone only contains three parts a switch to connect and disconnect, a speaker and a microphone and that's it! the sound of your voice travels through a long, thick copper cable which is connected to every house in the neighbourhood. the first telephone that was sold to the general public was in 1891 and it gained its peak during the 70's and 80's.
During the 80's the first mobile phones where introduced to the public which was yet another massive step in the communication ladder as now you could contact anyone from anywhere in the world, even if you are out of the house you can speak to whoever you want at any point in the day. in twenty years from 1990 to 2010 mobile phone subscriptions grew from 12.4 million to over 4.6 billion, most of the world has access to a mobile phone! its not just calls you can make on a mobile phone you can also send text messages to the people you don't really wanna talk to but at the same time don't want to offend and you can also gain access to the internet which leads me to the last big step in the communication age, at least for the moment.
What is the Internet
The internet is an absolute barrage of information ranging from justin beiber to the meaning of life, not forgetting of course the all time number one favourite...im sure you know what it is. The creation of the internet is the latest of humanities greatest inventions which makes information gathering incredibly simple and easy making anybody an expert on anything.
For example if you wanted to know the laws of thermodynamics but didn't know any scientists to tell you then all you have to do is type into the search engine google 'what are the laws of thermodynamics' and the information is instantly accesible and all in the comfort of your own home, that is simply amazing and its hard to imagine any improvements on this concept so you could argue that we have reached the peak of the communication age and it can't get any better than this.
If history tells us anything then it's don't assume anything as Charles H. Duell found out when he was quoted as saying in 1899 "Everything that can be invented, has been invented." man did he speak too soon? An example of the power of the internet can be found when we look at the arab spring revolutions happening right now all around north africa and the middle east, in Egypt the revolts where organised over the internet and then came to life onto the streets and because of this organisation they toppled actually managed to topple the corrupt government that was in power!
this would not have been possible if not for the internet because it would be impossible to organise it so quickly and effectively, it has the power to bring people together in a way that has never been seen before. While the internet does bring its dangers such as internet hacking and piracy the benefits by far outweigh the potential dangers, thankfully there are systems in place to protect you from the virtual pirates so that you can enjoy it in security without worrying about it.
Merge the telephone, the mobile and the internet and you get a world that has the potential to form its own conscience and meld continents together giving us better understanding of our human family all over the globe, whatever the future holds you at least know that we will all know about it and will all feel the effects of it.