- Family and Parenting
All about baby care in the first months
Taking care of your baby can raise many questions, especially when it is your first baby. You will have to learn how to wash your baby, how to take care of it's fragile skin, and what to do when your baby is sick. Luckily there are a lot of products available that can help you to take care of your baby, this together with lots of love and care and the tips in this hub, It will all go well.
In the first weeks to months babies still have a lot of so-called sucking need. Breastfeeding will satisfy a lot of this need, and also giving formula and a pacifier can help out. There are 3 different types of pacifiers that can be used:
- cherry shaped; this pacifier has a round shape.
- dental form shape; the top has a round shape, the part below is flat.
- combi pacifier; both top and bottom are flat.
The combi pacifier is usually recommended as the shape closely resembles the shape of a mother's nipple. Clean and desinfect the pacifier regularly, by boiling it in water for 5 minutes. This will prevent possible bacteria to get inside the baby's mouth. As soon as the sucking need is over, after a few months, then slowly reduce the baby using the pacifier. This because using a pacifier will be bad for the baby's teething.
A baby's skin is very sensitive and not resistant to the usual daily amounts of sun, wind, rain and cold yet. Only from the age of 4 will a baby or child be resistant to these effects of the outside, so it's fragile skin needs to be protected well. Bathe your baby 2 to 3 times per week, and when bathing put a few drops of baby oil in the bathwater, this keeps the baby's skin from getting dry. When changing a baby's diaper, add some baby cream on the skin that is normally covered by the diaper. If your baby's skin is extra sensitive then it's wise to change the diaper more often. When you take your baby outside in the sun, then cover the skin as much as possible with clothing and use a sun hat for it's head. The uncovered skin needs to be rubbed in with sun screen (minimum 30 spf). This avoids the baby's skin from getting sunburned.
Within the first 4 months after being born, babies are still quite resistant to diseases, because of the antibodies that they receive from the mother. After 4 months they have to build up their own immune system with needed antibodies. For this reason babies get sick quite often, mostly with the flu and colds. Don't worry though as being sick is needed to build the immune system. Although you cannot prevent your baby from becoming sick, there are medicine available to reduce the symptoms. To make sure your baby can sleep during the night, Rub a cold balm on the baby's chest and use a nasal spray (check that the medicine are for young babies). It can also happen that your baby gets a fever at some point. Fever is a reaction of the body to ward off any viruses. When your baby has a fever, make sure that you give your baby plenty to drink.
These items should be available in your medicine cabinet:
- Vitamin D and K
- Baby nasal spray
- Nose cleaner
- Childrens aspirin
- Cold balm
- Baby cream