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Areas of Child Development

Updated on September 25, 2017

Child development refers to the biological, psychological and emotional change that occurs as a child grows. The first five years build a foundation for your child’s health and development. Early childhood development and stimulation is an important phase which helps in achieving optimal physical growth and psycho-emotional development.

Healthy and nutritious food intake helps in laying the foundation for the strong immune system for kids. Make a wide variety of healthful foods available in the house. This practice will help your children learn how to make healthy food choices. Encourage children to drink more water. It is important to pay attention to portion size of the meal or snack.

Developmental milestones are an essential way to measure your child’s developmental progress in several important areas. Skills such as smiling, waving, first steps etc. are referred to as development milestones. Below mentioned are the areas or categories of child development:

  • Speech or Language: The first five years are critical periods for speech and language development. The stages of speech and language development are same for all kids, but the age at which kids develop them may differ from one child to another. Talking, reading, telling stories etc. help kids in developing and understanding language.
  • Intellectual or Cognitive: The term cognitive development refers to the process of growth and change in intellectual/mental abilities like thinking, reasoning, and understanding. Introducing age appropriate games help kids in developing cognitive skills. Language is also one of the most powerful tools to enhance cognitive development.
  • Emotional or social: Social or emotional development includes the child’s experience, expression or how he manages his emotions. Developing skills for managing a range of emotions is important for their emotional well-being. Children learn social and emotional skills by observing the people around them.
  • Gross motor skill /Physical development: Gross or fine motor skills involve whole body movements. It includes also eye-hand coordination. Learning both, fine and gross motor skills are important for children’s growth and independence. Physical changes in early childhood are accompanied by rapid changes in the child's cognitive and language development.

Understanding the stages of child development helps parents know what to expect and how to best support the child as she or he grows and develops. All children develop differently however, it is important to keep a tab on development milestones.

Language development supports your child's ability to communicate, express and understand feelings. Choose activities or play as per your kid’s age and it will develop their intellectual skill. Children's play involves repeated interactions and explorations. A good foundation in the early years is essential for optimal growth and development and healthy adulthood. Early childhood is a time of tremendous growth across all areas of development.


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