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Baby Factory: Baby Factories a disturbing criminal operation

Updated on August 1, 2014

Pregnant mothers

A sign board indicating a pregnant mothers dwelling
A sign board indicating a pregnant mothers dwelling | Source

Baby harvesting

Baby factories is an emerging crime in developing countries and is prevalent in some African countries especially Nigeria. The sordid illegal business revolves around pregnant women and girls willing to give up their newborn babies for financial gain without having any contact with the buyer or ever seeing the child again.

This despicable and unusual business should not be confused with baby harvesting which has to do with parent cooperation; the parent is either co-opted into offering their child for adoption or willingly gives out the child for adoption. The child might be a minor or even a new born baby, there might be some financial gain or because of their inability to care for the child.

Child harvesting is connected to international adoption and is legal in some countries so long as very strict laws are followed. International adoption offers permanent parenthood to the new parents or guardians if legal requirements have been fulfilled.

Poor village woman

:A poor village woman of Bangladesh.jpg
:A poor village woman of Bangladesh.jpg | Source

Reasons why parents offer their children for adoption

  • Poverty; poverty is a serious reason parents readily give up their children and babies for adoption, many countries especially third world countries experience unemployment and poverty so some parents feel it’s the right thing to do.
  • Inability to care for the child; inability to care for the child might have multifaceted reasons.
  • Motherless babies; a new babies mother might have died or a child is found abandoned.
  • Lack of resources
  • Single parenthood
  • Rape
  • Physical or mental disability
  • Birth age of mother
  • Cultural , moral and religious reasons

International adoption link to baby harvesting usually has trans-cultural elements, interracial factors and should follow strict rules and guidelines of the parent’s country. Adoption in some countries is forbidden and illegal while some have clear rules and conditions.

Countries that allow adoption include China, Ethiopia, South Korea, and some African countries. Major receiver areas are the United States of America, Australia and Europe.

Baby factory in ondo

Baby factory

The baby factory is an illegal business that deals with the sale of newborn babies to potential clients, the illegal and dangerous business is carried out mostly by underground crime syndicates that use private residence or abandoned buildings to mask their crime.

The victims might knowingly or unknowingly participate in this despicable business by allowing the caregiver to sell their babies when born. Women that fall into this category are women, who have experienced rape, might have had multiple partners or are unsure of the child paternity.

One of the most compelling reasons these teenagers or women are willing to give out their child is monetary gain, greed or desperation. Sometimes the criminal might even convince the girls to have children while under his custody for sale.

Young girl with a child

Young girl with a child
Young girl with a child | Source

Reasons women become victims of baby factories include

  • Poverty
  • Rape
  • Having multiple partners
  • Greed
  • Cultural and religious reasons
  • Stupidity
  • Peer pressure
  • Monetary gain
  • Clueless
  • Voluntary participation
  • Rejection by family and friends
  • Unwanted pregnancy

Those that operate such make shift maternity homes usually source for clients among women having fertility issues, the children are sold and the recipients pay an agreed sum. Unfortunately the illegal merchant isn’t choosy and is unconcerned what happens to the child after it had been sold.

Ogun baby factory in Nigeria

Reasons for teenagers using baby factories

Which of this is the main reason for teenagers patronizing baby factories

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The frightful facts about baby factories

In Nigeria there is an average of one bust a month of illicit baby factories, sometimes a baby factory could be found harboring upwards ten women. Most victims of baby factories are teenage girls ranging from fourteen to twenty two, most of them introduced to the fake maternity out of desperation.

The high cost of maternity care in the country might be the reason some of them fall for such arrangements because the caregiver offers to feed and ensure delivery of the baby. Most of these fake homes usually use home deliver for the clueless teenagers with all the dangers and risks associated with it.

The frightful fact about bay factories is that the babies don’t always end up in foster care or adoption; they may end up with evil people who have more sinister purposes. Some of the more sinister purposes is the child might end up being bought as a domestic help if he/she is a young child, slavery or prostitution.

Young girls victims of the illegal trade

Young African girls are exposed to this exploitation
Young African girls are exposed to this exploitation | Source

Young mum with son

File:Young mum - Mphatso Gumulira, 15, with her son Zayitwa (7497760554).jpg
File:Young mum - Mphatso Gumulira, 15, with her son Zayitwa (7497760554).jpg | Source

Women who fall victims of baby factories

Teenagers are the major victims of baby factories most of them find themselves with unwanted pregnancies alone and afraid. Usually in the African setting the extended family is thereto lend support for girls who fall into this category. But some girls out of shame and desperation try to hide their situation from family and loved ones thus becoming victims of baby factories.

Sometimes they are willing to keep the child but the financial consideration of childcare and birth become overwhelming making them seek alternative solutions. Abortion is illegal in many countries so they feel the only option is to have the child and give it up.

Unscrupulous motherless babies homes also have a part to play in this sordid saga, they sometimes are in league with these criminal groups who provide the babies to the orphanages. Thankfully many governments have been seriously regulating the sharp practices of these orphanages and closing guilty ones.

Some countries have also taking strong steps against adoption in countries where baby factories are common place. Denmark recently placed a ban on Nigeria adoptions after a raid on a baby factory that had eight pregnant women as victims, the minister said it was no longer justifiable to adopt children when such illegal trafficking and sales.

What happens to babies and children sold in baby factories?

The babies might be adopted or might end up being used for sinister purposes some of which are

  • Sold for Adoption
  • Sold to be used for black magic
  • Rituals
  • Sold as domestic help
  • Sold into slavery
  • Sold into prostitution
  • The babies could sold to human trafficking gangs
  • Could be sold into sex slavery

Human trafficking and baby factories

Baby factories can be linked to the increase in human trafficking especially in Africa; this terrible act is wide spread especially in the West African sub regions. Many end up in foreign on plantations, sold for prostitution or even modern day sex slavery.

Recent developments especially in international organizations like CNN have lent their voice against modern day slavery. The problem is a serious one because apart from baby factories, kidnapping has been on the increase especially in Africa.

Human trafficking in India


There is no place for baby factories in this century but the illegal business would continue to thrive so long as more cost effective healthcare isn’t readily available for pregnant mothers. The baby factories would continue to exist since there is a demand for children with people having fertility issues and childlessness.

Money and greed is another factor that drives the illegal trade including illiteracy and poverty are other factors. Getting rid of baby factories should be a collective effort of the different governments and they should educating the public against the dangers, reporting suspicious maternity homes and providing affordable antenatal care for pregnant women could help stop this terrible trade.


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    • tony55 profile image

      femi 3 years ago from Nigeria

      Yup its very disturbing but that's how the world works, there is great good and terrible evil.

    • momsdoworkathome profile image

      Katina Davenport 3 years ago from Michigan

      Very disturbing, but I have never heard of this until now.

    • jpcmc profile image

      JP Carlos 3 years ago from Quezon CIty, Phlippines

      This is just sad. But this is very real. I just hope the babies find more protection