Gallmans in South Carolina
Book page 21 Saxagotha South Carolina map
From Switzerland to South Carolina
Jacob Gallman brought his family from Switzerland to South Carolina.
They settled in the township known as Saxagotha. I have seen this spelled in many many different ways, Saxegotha, Saxe Gotha, and Sax-gotha just to name a few. For those who may be searching the web I will probably use these different spellings from time to time. The map above spells it Saxagotha, the link below spells it Saxe-Gotha. Previously it had been called Congaree Township. In 1735 it was renamed Saxe-Gotha, today it no longer exist by this name.
Read more about the history of Saxe-Gotha and to see some maps click on the link below.
Here is a link to
A History of Saxe-Gotha Township, South Carolina
There is another link to
South Carolina Department of Archives and History Collection Curiosities
Town and Township Plans
1737 Letter from Jacob Gallman about his emmigration to Saxe Gotha, SC from Mettmenstetten, Switzerland LINK
It was here in South Carolina that Hans Jacob Gallman wrote the now famous letter explaining life in America to his family members in Switzerland.
There are many different translations circulating but I feel that they are for the most part very similar.
The letter describes his journey to America from Switzerland. This letter can be found at Jim Gallmans site. Click on the link below to read the letter.
SC State Museum
301 Gervais Street
Columbia, SC 29201
Phone - 803-898-4921
Where did the measurement of an ACRE come from and what is a chain?
As we research through land plats and other records there may come up some interesting questions. There are probably many of you who know these answers but for those who don't and may want to know what is a chain? What is a furlong? Why is an acre such an odd number of feet? Where did the measurement of an ACRE come from? I have also researched these questions and found some answers.
Lets start with a chain. A chain was literally a chain. The chain was used as a measuring tool for land. The chain being 66 feet long was made of 100 links. A normal acre would be 10 chains square, that is to say, one chain of 66 feet wide and ten chains 660 feet long. When you do the math 660 x 66 = 43,560 square feet or an acre. Using the chain had many advantages. One could measure unusual shaped parcels of land, like a triangle, a circle or even a trapezoid. The area could be measured in square chains and then added and divided by 10 for a total amount of acres.
There is story about the acre, A farmer would begin plowing the rows, of his field in preparation to planting his crops. These rows are called furrows. A normal furrow is 1/8 mile long. The term Furrow-long or furlong was one row at 1/8 mile long. The farmer would have to plow 8 furrows in one day and most of the time they did. This area became known as an acre. Maybe what they really meant to say was it was an ACHE - ER and I am really sore today, he he.
There is a German word ackar which means field,
The Latin word ager also means field,
And the Greek word for field is agros.
I also heard that an acre was a farmer saying ACHE - ER or I am really sore from the hard work I did today, he he.
COLONIAL PLAT MAP - SAXEGOTHA
OF A SECTION OF
SAXEGOTHA TOWNSHIP "
was edited and verified by Harriet Imrey, for clarity I have retyped it.
Harriet spent many hours researching the
Saxegotha land plats to validate this map.
Many thanks to Harriet.
To see the actual page scroll to the bottom.
It is Page 26
Colonial land plat sections 21 - 43
Saxe-Gotha Township, South Carolina
COLONIAL PLAT MAP
43 = HENRY WEIBOR 1739
AKA HEINRICH WEBER
42 = JNO. HUBERT & JACOB SPEAR 1735/6
AKA HUBERT/HUBBERT DIED,
SPEAR IS SPUHEL, MARRIED
41 = JNO. W. MILLER 1735
AKA ULRICH MULLER
100 ACRES V. 18 P 415
40 = PATRICK BROWN 1735
300 ACRES V.2. P 18
39 = HENRY COLEMAN 1737/8
AKA HENRY GALLMAN
100 ACRES V.9 P 389
38 = JACOB COLEMAN aka
JACOB GALLMAN 1735/6
350 ACRES V.9. P 388
37 = HERMAN GEIGER 1740
(BOTH GEIGER & GYGER WERE
"CORRECT" SWISS SPELLINGS)
200 ACRES V.4 P 404
36 = PATRICK BROWN 1735
(HE IS IRISH)
150 ACRES V.4 P 124
35 = JOHN GIBSON 1735/6
(HE IS ENGLISH)
300 ACRES V.4 P 43
34 = JOE J RODEY 1735/6
AKA J. J. RODE AKA JOHAN JACOB ROTH
50 ACRES V. 7 P 219
33 = HERMON C. PERDRINK 1735/6
AKA H. C. DETRING
AKA HERMAN CHRISTOPH DETERING/
DATARING/DORTINGEN AND PERDRINK/
PORDRICK PROBABLY DORTRINGEN
100 ACRES V. 19 P 137
32 = JACOB HAGHABUCHER 1742
AKA JACOB HAGENBUCH
100 ACRES V. 4 P 182
31 = JACOB HUCKABACK 1735
AKA J. HAGHABUCKER ON PLAT
AKA JACOB HAGENBUCH
150 ACRES V.9 P 471
30 = HANS U BACKMAN 1742
AKA J. U. BACHMAN ON PLAT
CALLED ULRICH BACKMAN
150 ACRES V.4 P 152
29 = ANTHONY STACK 1735
100 ACRES V. 21 P 68
28 = ROODIE COOPLET
AKA RUDOLF GAPELER
200 ACRES V. 3 P 187
27 = JOHN GALLMAN
200 ACRES V.9 P 51
(Identified as "Jr." in other
papers for this plat of 15 Jan. 1767,
so the younger of two alive at the time:
Johannes, brother of Capt. Henry, had
died in 1748, Capt. Henry's son John
was the Sr. one in 1767, brother-Johannes's
son John was the Jr. one, but died in 1767,
younger brother Jacob inherited.)
26 = STEPHEN CRELL 1736
250 ACRES V. 2 P 108
25 = JOSEPH CRELL 1736
350 ACRES V. 2 P 109
24 = JOSEPH CRELL 1736
150 ACRES V. 2 P 108
23 = HANNA MARIA STOLEA
AKA ANNA MARIA HEYD,
WIDOW OF FRIEDLIN
STOHLER, M. LOUIS LA FONTAINE
250 ACRES V. 4 P 238
22 = JACOB REMENSPERGER 1737
AKA J. J. REIMENSPERGER
JOHANN JOCOB RIEMENSPERGER,
300 ACRES V. 20 P 67
21 = JOHN GALLESOR 1737
AKA JOHAN GALLISER
200 ACRES V. 4 P 160
Letter from Jacob Gallman to family in Switzerland
South Carolina Archives LINK
There are many many documents on our family in the South Carolina Archives
- to view them click on the link below
I would NOT USE exact match instead,
you will want to use the Soundex for name search. I have seen Gallman with many different spellings. Goldman, Collerman and many many others.
I was fortunate to receive permission from the SC Archives to print some of the documents for our family History Book. The two pages above were included in the 2009 edition.
Battle of Stono Ferry 1779
Printed with permission from Dr. Judith F. Russell, 2002, "Soldiers from Edgefield and Ninety Six District at the Battle of Stono Ferry, South Carolina, 20 June 1779 online at http://familytreemaker.geneology.com/users/r/u/s/Jutith-F-Russell/FILE/0013oage,html
The Muster roll also appeared in: Quill of the Old Edgefield District Genealogical Society, Nov/Dec 2002 Volume XVIII, Number6, pp110-111. "A Paybill for Capt Ryan Company who did Duty in the camps near Stono on horseback by orders of General Williamson from the 20th of April till the 12th of July 1779."