ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Perform Infant CPR

Updated on March 9, 2013

Why CPR?

CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. CPR is life saving technique that, at least, every parent should know. Emergencies happen when you least expect it and you need to be prepared. CPR is used to make the heart function artificially. It forced to body to circulate blood throughout the body.

CPR class checking for a pulse
CPR class checking for a pulse | Source

When Does a Baby Need CPR

A baby is in need of CPR is he or she has no pulse, is unconscious or is not breathing. To know these things, you need to check your baby's condition as soon as you think something is wrong.

  • Check baby for responsiveness. Flick of tap the bottom on baby's foot to see if he or she responds. Do not shake the baby.
  • Check it baby is breathing. Put you head down by baby's mouth and see if you feel air coming out and hitting your cheek. While you do that, look to see if baby's chest or stomach is moving up and down. These are signs of breathing.
  • Check if baby has a pulse. Use your index and middle finger to feel the inside of your baby's upper arm.

If you find your baby needs CPR, call 911 and begin CPR immediately.

Open the Airway

  • Place baby on a firm, flat surface laying on their back.
  • Place one hand gently on the baby's forehead and two fingers under baby's chin.
  • Gently tilt baby's head back only slightly.


  • Open your mouth wide enough to cover baby's mouth and nose.
  • Form a seal with your lips to baby's face.
  • Give 2 breaths.
  • Each breath should be gentle and about 1 second long.
  • Look for baby's chest to rise with each breath to know they are effective.

Airway Blocked by Foreign Object

If the breaths you are giving do not seem to be making it into baby's lungs, you are either giving too small of breaths of baby has chocked on something and it is blocking his or her airway. Do not ever try to blindly get the object out of baby's mouth or throat. This can lodge the object even deeper into baby's throat. The best thing you can do is take a look into baby's mouth and try to see the object. If you can, use your index finger to sweep across baby's mouth to get the foreign object. If that does not work, you will need to do back slaps to dislodge it.

Choking Baby

Back slaps are the most effective way to dislodge a foreign object from a baby's throat.

To perform back slaps:

  • Support baby's head so that it does not flop as you perform the technique.
  • Place baby on your forearm or legs with his or her head slightly lower that their body.
  • Use the heel of your hand to deliver strong controlled thrusts to the baby's back.
  • These thrusts should be in a downward and forward direction to force the object out.
  • Do the thrusts on baby's back between their should blades
  • Complete 5 at a time and give baby two rescue breaths and check for the object in between

Alternate CPR Compression Technique



There are two different techniques for infant compressions. The two finger method and the thumbs encircling method. In both methods, you will give 30 compressions at a time at a rate of 100 per minute. This is a fairly fast pace and multiple people do them to slow, not to fast. So, make sure you keep the pace up.

Two Finger Method:

  • Baby should be laying flat on a firm surface.
  • Place two fingers in the center of the baby's chest, at a level just below the nipple line.
  • Push down one third of the depth of the baby's chest (typically 1.5 inches)

Thumbs Encircling Method:

  • Baby can be laying down or in your lap.
  • Place both thumbs in the center of the chest a little lower than nipple level.
  • Wrap hands around baby's body
  • Thrust about 1.5 inches deep with your thumbs only

Infant CPR Video


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Learning in Life profile imageAUTHOR

      Megan Smith 

      5 years ago from Florida

      I really wish it was mandatory to know if your around babies. The ambulance can only drive so fast...

    • CarlySullens profile image

      Carly Sullens 

      5 years ago from St. Louis, Missouri

      This is so important and a must read for anyone who has a newborn in their life. You did a great job explaining all the steps. I hope this hub comes up if anyone needs to know in a crisis. The steps are easily outlined.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)