How to Use Open-Ended Questions to Get Kids Talking
If you want to have interesting conversations with your kids, ask open-ended questions. If you start this practice at the dinner table when they're little, you'll be ready to face the challenges later when one word answers will be their communication of choice.
Closed questions require a one or two-word response or even as little as a nod of the head. They can also be the type that are elicit right or wrong answers, making kids feel as if they're being quizzed.
Examples of closed questions:
- What's your favorite color?
- Is that your toy?
- Are you hungry?
Open-ended invite kids to imagine, elaborate, and tell stories. You'll get more information and get to know your child better when you ask open-ended questions. They let children think and solve problems. Here are some examples:
- What do you think will happen now?
- If you were the cook, what would you fix us for dinner?
- If you were the mayor of our city, what would you do first?
Open-ended questions allow children to express whatever they're thinking. They don't demand a response, but leave space for the child to answer thoughtfully. The encourage creative thinking, problem solving and imagination. Plus, when you take the time to listen to a longer answer, you are sending a strong non-verbal message that you value your child and his thoughts and ideas.
Applications for Open-Ended Questions
Asking open- ended questions is a habit you can cultivate with a few tricks. You can either print up a list of questions to use as a cheater not, or just experiment. Here are some common ways to start an open-ended question:
- What would happen if...
- I wonder...
- What do you think about...
- In what way...
- Tell me about...
- What would you do...
- How can we...
- How did you...
Not only will this technique help you forge a great relationship with your kids, but it's also teaching them how to communicate effectively with others. By acing the art of the open-ended question you bond and teach at the same time.
Bonus: Open-ended questions encourage children to recall what they've done and practice talking about it. This helps their language development and may even get them ready for those SAT essays.
Getting Accurate Information
Engaging in meaningful conversation with our children is a wonderful reason to become adept at asking open-ended questions, but that's not the only benefit. Sometimes as parents we assume something's going on that may not be. We need to be careful not to project our assumptions onto the situation with closed questions.
Early childhood development expert Maren Schmidt states in her Kids Talk newsletter:
"We need to choose our words carefully and frame our questions even more so. Inadvertently we can plant ideas with our questions, and redirect or distort our children's attention and perception.
For example, consider these questions: ''How are you feeling? Are you sick? Do you have a stomachache?'' Which question is going to get correct feedback?"
Sometimes the situation seems cut and dried. I know I feel like sometimes I just need that yes or no answer. But when I really look at it, sometimes I'm looking to pin something on my kids. Look what happens when we use Maren's method of transforming closed questions to open-ended ones:
Closed: Did you hit your brother?
Open: Why is your brother crying? Tell me what happened.
Closed: Did you make this mess?
Open: What can you tell me about this spilled paint?
Closed: Did you take a bath?
Open: When were you planning on taking a bath?
This skill is crucial to all of us. Do your kids a favor and model it for them while they're young.