Obesity and it's effects on families
Brief Thesis Table
Increased Likelihood of Obesity
Lower Self Esteem
Lower Self Esteem
Being overweight is defined by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention as having a Body Mass Index of anywhere between 25 and 29.9. The CDC also defines being obese as having a BMI of 30 or more. BMI is a measure of the subject’s weight in correlation to their height. Because of the way in which BMI is determined there can be some inconsistencies in the diagnosis of overweight and obesity.
These inconsistencies are more common among Athletes than not. Most people would not think of Peyton Manning, LeBron James, Or even Wilt Chamberlain as overweight, but because of how BMI is determined they are technically overweight.
This is a chart showing the results of a survey done by Health and Human Services. The percentage of children who are classified as overweight has increased from an average of 4.5% to and average of 16% from 1963 to 2002. Of that 16%, another 15% of the children researched by the HHS were found to be well on their way to becoming overweight.
The CDC has found that 37% of U.S. adults are considered obese, and 19% of children in the U.S. are considered obese as well. This is almost three times what it was 20 years prior. Americans are experiencing a trend of increased overweight or obese tendencies. Being overweight dramatically increases your chances of contracting health problems like high cholesterol, hypertension, respiratory ailments, orthopedic problems, depression, asthma, arthritis, and diabetes. The risks increase even more if you go from overweight to obese.
Studies of Obesity Lead to Complications
Studies done by the National Bureau of Economic Research have shown a direct correlation between lower self esteem and higher BMI’s. The reasons for the low self esteems can be attributed to societal views on being overweight or obese. Being overweight or obese is not praised within today’s society and causes this low self esteem. The low self esteem is not evident in all obese or overweight people, but is still common among them.
Studies done by the NBER have shown a direct correlation between overweight or obese people and a lower income.
Overweight or obese people can not only expect to have lower incomes, but also expect to spend, on average, $1429 more on health related expenses than people who are not overweight or obese.
Studies done by the CDC have shown that children with one or more overweight parent have an 80% chance of becoming overweight themselves. This could cause any of the health problems associated with being overweight.
The HHS has shown that, to an extent, overweight and obesity can be genetically transferred from parent to child. “studies indicate that 50-70 percent of a person’s BMI and degree of adiposity (fatness) is determined by genetic influences and that there is a 75 percent chance that a child will be overweight if both parents are obese, and a 25-50 percent chance if just one parent is obese.” (Health and Human Services).
Refutation of Previous Claims
To try and dispute the claims I have made today, you could say that BMI’s are not accurate for everyone because of their reliance upon just height and weight. You could also say that just because you’re overweight it doesn’t mean you’re unhealthy.
BMI’s are the first step in identifying obesity and overweight tendencies in individuals. To fully treat or diagnose an individual there will be more tests preformed to ensure the diagnosis.
Being overweight does not mean that you are unhealthy, but it does that mean that you are at a greater risk of developing health issues than if you were in a healthy weight range.
Conclusion and Review
To review what I have said so far I’m going to go over the main points of my presentation. Obesity rates have been steadily increasing, and have nearly tripled in the last 20 years. More than 1/3 of U.S. adults are considered obese. Obesity can cause a long list of health issues. Obesity has been linked to lower self esteem. Obesity has been shown to affect income. Obesity comes with health related expenses.
Obese parents increase the chances of their children becoming overweight. The health issues children can experience can be worse than those that adults face. Studies show that obesity can be genetically transferred to some extent. BMI’s are just the first step in dealing with overweight or obesity. Being overweight just increases your chances of developing health issues.
End of Essay Questionaire
What is your stance on using BMI's to effectively classify and diagnose people with obesity?
Sources Used in This Hub
United States. Center for Disease Control and Prevention.Obesity and Overweight. Atlanta: , 2012. Web. <http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/childhood.html>.
. "Find The Data." Compare Famous Athletes. FindTheBest.com, Inc.. Web. 20 Dec 2012. <http://celebrities.findthedata.org/d/a/Athlete>.
Mocan, Naci H., and Erdal Tekin. United States. National Bureau of Economic Research. Obesity, Self-esteem and Wages. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2009. Web.
. "Childhood Obesity." Health and Human Services. HHS, n.d. Web. 20 Dec 2012. <http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/child_obesity/>.