ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Power of Metaphors in Family Conversations

Updated on October 4, 2016
MsDora profile image

MsDora - parent, counselor, seminar presenter - offers suggestions on raising confident, conscientious, responsible, productive children.

The Image of Strong Leadership

Like lion and cub, like father and son.
Like lion and cub, like father and son. | Source

"Gather around,” the dying father said to his sons, “so I can tell you what will happen to you after I am gone.”

It was his last chance to influence his children toward the successful life he wanted for them. Based on what he saw in their character traits and their habitual conduct, the father predicted situations that they were likely to encounter. To make his descriptions vivid, he made extensive use of figurative language.

By the time he addressed the fourth son, his speech included some powerful metaphors (comparisons of two seemingly unlike objects to make a point about their likeness).

Metaphors are a great teaching tool for parents to use in the nurturing of their children's self-worth. The father in our story gave some great examples.

Metaphors are a great teaching tool for parents to use in the nurturing of their children's self-worth.

The Image of Youth and Naivety

Why do you think the father compared Naphtali to a doe set free?
Why do you think the father compared Naphtali to a doe set free? | Source

Examples of Metaphors

  • “Judah . . . you are a lion’s cub.”
  • “Issachar is a rawboned donkey.”
  • “Dan will be a serpent by the roadside.”
  • “Naphtali is a doe set free.”
  • “Joseph is a fruitful vine.”
  • “Benjamin is a ravenous wolf.”

Judah might never have compared himself to a lion, but his father wanted to stress that his son's strength in leadership was similar to the strength of the lion's leadership in the jungle. At the same time, by referring to his son as a lion’s cub, the old man made himself the father lion, probably stronger, but definitely wiser. Eventually, the children figure out these hidden meanings in the metaphors.

The father called Issachar a donkey. The speech actually reads: “Issachar is a rawboned donkey lying down among the sheep pens. When he sees how good is his resting place and how pleasant is his land, he will bend his shoulder to the burden and submit to forced labor.” Not as unfavorably as we might think. He visualized Issachar's lean, bony frame under the loads he was forced to carry; but he also predicted time out for him to rest and refresh.

The story of the dying Jacob blessing his sons is recorded in Genesis 49. His speech is an example of how word images used by parents can convey deep meaning to the children in speech they will most likely remember for the rest of their lives.

Suggestions For The Modern Parent

Word images make us think more deeply about the points they make, than if the points were stated literally. Use them to help the children focus on their achievements, on the fulfillment of their passions and dreams, not on the parents' wishes.

There are some outstanding examples of metaphors used in the Old Testament which can be used to teach self-esteem. The modern parent is free to make use of them or to create similar images.

How do you suppose such images would affect the self-worth, the deportment, and the moral direction of the young man and young woman who are encouraged to think of themselves in these positive terms?

On the other hand, there is the story of the Hebrew spies who referred to themselves as grasshoppers. (See Numbers 13) They had no mental picture of their true identity and their worth. Parents can help to prevent such tragedies by planting positive images in their children’s minds as early as possible.

Positive Images For Relatives

my sunshine
heart of gold
rising star
the family glue
diamond in the rough
chip off the old block
apple of my eye
pillar of strength

The Image of a Family Provider

"Fruitful Vine" inspires productivity
"Fruitful Vine" inspires productivity | Source

Personal Metaphors

It would be wise for parents to create metaphors for themselves, and share with the children why they chose their specific images, and how it affects their attitude to life. It would also remind the children that they are expected to be fruits of whatever tree the parents choose to be.

For example, a mother wanting to impress her son of the weight of her influence told him, “You’re looking at a community icon.” The child replied, “That makes me the son of a community icon.”

Word images can force family members to figure out how they relate to and influence each other. It can be the topic of a family conversation occasionally.

For example:

  • What does it mean to the rest of the household if the parent is a light, or a rock, or an evergreen tree?
  • What message do spouses want the children to receive if they refer to themselves as belt-and-buckle or to the children as peas-in-a-pod?

Such expressions stay in the mind for a long time, if not forever.


Never underestimate the influence of the parents’ words to the children. Some words they remember throughout their entire lives. Take time to create word images worth remembering!

© 2011 Dora Isaac Weithers


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • GracieLake profile image

      GracieLake 5 years ago from Arizona

      This is a smart and wise hub, since the pictures we paint for our children are images that last a lifetime. Joseph Campbell, who was so endlessly fascinating, understood this. My hat is off to you.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 5 years ago from The Caribbean

      Thanks GracieLake! I appreciate you.

    • travel_man1971 profile image

      Ireno Alcala 5 years ago from Bicol, Philippines

      My father used to compare us with the lanky, resilient bamboo plant. I can never forget his reminder for us about counting from 1 to 7 to control one's temper.

      Thanks for sharing, MsDora.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 5 years ago from The Caribbean

      Thanks to you travel_man. That's a new one about a good dad. Seems that it worked for you.

    • Zabbella profile image

      Zabbella 5 years ago from NJ-USA

      Thank you for bringing me back home, MsDora. My mother would sit with all 3 of us girls and teach us things while using metaphors and she even used props. She was creative and insightful. As a single parent, she was strong and gentle but firm. Good Hub.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 5 years ago from The Caribbean

      Glad to bring you back home, Zabella. Thanks for sharing your memories of your mother. That always creates a good feeling.

    • Tony L Smith profile image

      Tony L Smith 5 years ago from Macon

      this article is good for though, and presents a powerful tool for parents. It reminded me of the way american Native Indians gave nemes to fit gifts they saw in there children.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Isaac Weithers 5 years ago from The Caribbean

      Thanks Tony. According to your comment, what the Indians do in recognition of their children's gifts is indeed noble. We should all take a page from their book.

    Click to Rate This Article