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What are Stem Cells? - Adult & Umbilical Cord Stem Cells

Updated on August 2, 2016

Stem Cells

The Merriam-Webster's Dictionary defines stem cells as “a simple cell in the body that is able to develop into any one of various kinds of cells (such as blood cells, skin cells, etc.). “

Types of Stem Cells:

Stem cells are usually of two types, namely embryonic and non-embryonic or adult stem cells. Among the two, embryonic stem cells have the most potency to differentiate into other types of cells that assist in the growth of the body. Thus, they can be used to treat a wide range of diseases and health related issues. For example, in cases of leukaemia, when an heightened amount of blood cells are needed for the treatment, embryonic stem cells can be used to develop into the necessary blood cells. The use of these cells for treating ailments is known as stem cell therapy.

What are Adult Stem Cells?

Unlike embryonic stem cells, adult stems cells are undifferentiated, although they too are able to renew themselves and differentiate into various connective tissues. They are found in several organs and tissues, including brain, bone marrow, peripheral blood, blood vessels, skeletal muscle, skin, teeth, heart, gut, liver, ovarian epithelium and testis.

Each tissue comes with a limited number of stem cells. Post detaching it from the body, their ability to divide is grossly diminished. Clinical studies are trying to investigate methodologies to grow large amounts of adult stem cells in cell culture and to engineer them to produce definite cell types so they can be used to treat injuries or diseases.

What are Cord Blood Stem Cells?

The blood that a new born baby’s umbilical cord contains is known as cord blood. This blood is a rich source of hematopoietic stem cells which have immunogenic and regenerative properties that enables self-renewal within the cells. Current research with these cells revealed encouraging results in the treatment of a wide variety of medical conditions including stroke and replacement of corneal membrane. Once these advances transform to positive therapies, any family who had saved their child's stem cells will have the means to assist these potential therapies.

With its ability to cure diseases that were previously considered untreatable, stem cell research in India has become quite widespread. In fact, according to a recent report published by Forbes, India is one of the frontrunners in stem cell research. The guidelines established by the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR) and Department of Biotechnology in 2007 are quite liberal in nature and have in turn facilitated development of stem cell research in India.

Cordlife is a multiproduct healthcare company which provides highest quality of umbilical cord and cord blood banking services. The company is dedicated to offering the highest possibility of successful adult stem cell therapy to give hope and save lives.

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