ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

What is Parental Involvement?

Updated on June 19, 2013

Parental Involvement

Parental involvement is currently a buzzword in education but what exactly does it entail? Are parents not sufficiently involved in their students’ education if they’ve enrolled them in school, bought school supplies, ensure they attend regularly, and check homework?

Educators and administrators love parents who are actively involved in their child’s school affairs and play key roles in school initiatives such as PTA. They also adore parents who check homework frequently, ensure it is completed and returned, sign student agenda books, ensure students maintain good attendance, encourage students to exemplify model behavior and so on, but is this where parental involvement ends?

Unfortunately, as simplistic as the above definitions of parental involvement may appear, some families have real issues such as language and or cultural barriers, poverty and sometimes ill health that alienate them from the school community, or inhibit their ability to be as involved as they would ideally want to.

Take the single minimally educated mother who must work longer hours to make ends meet for example. For her, ensuring her children make it to school regularly is important so she can go to work (free childcare). Teachers love her because attendance is not a problem for her kids but until she can meet the basic necessities of her family’s life, perhaps her best parental support will be limited to ensuring regular school attendance (Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs).

What about the immigrant parents who may not be fluent in English but are highly educated in their first language? These individuals will face limitations in their interactions with educators, the school, and perhaps the amount of support they can give to their children when completing homework. By the same token, in a low income single or two parent family where work schedules result in latch-key kids (kids who let themselves into the house after school) who are responsible for themselves till their parents get home, unless a true sense of the importance of school and responsibility has been instilled in them, school work may not be the first thing on their minds upon their return from school because there’s no adult on hand to direct them. Sadly, there are too many distractions such as television and video games in most North American homes, and these tend to be more fun as opposed to books which do not deliver the instant gratification we’ve all come to rely on, thanks to technology. Furthermore, it’s human nature to want to play when the figurative cat is away. On the far end of the spectrum are families where husband or wife makes enough money to provide for the family so one partner stays at home and tends to the kids, or better still, the individual or couples may run a home-based business thus their schedule can be easily adapted to meet their student(s)’ academic needs.

While the above scenarios create varying degrees of opportunities for active parental involvement which can in the long term either negatively or positively impact student achievement, Wahlberg (1988) tells us that parental support and encouragement of student learning has twice as much impact on students’ academic performance than family socio-economic status.

In his proposition, Wahlberg states that parents can play the biggest fundamental role that will set their children up for academic and life success by instilling behaviors such as daily conversations about everyday things, joint analysis of situations, encouraging leisure reading, showing affection and interest in the child’s personal and academic growth, showing positive interest in the child’s learning and providing necessary materials to support that learning, practicing behaviors within the family that promote positive self-image, motivation, and teaching kids to develop an appreciation of intrinsic gratification; Wahlberg terms these values the ‘Curriculum of the Home’(

We can therefore conclude that effective parental involvement so to speak, starts from the cradle and may already be too late if left till the start of a child’s official academic journey. Wahlberg’s Curriculum of the Home transcends culture, language and socio-economic barriers, thus all parents and guardians are adequately equipped to play a key role in preparing children for success in school years prior to kindergarten registration.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)