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Childhood Obesity

Updated on June 22, 2016

Overview Of Obesity

From infectious and communicable diseases to non-infectious diseases, health challenges have necessitated multifaceted responses. However, the there backlog of the problem lies on non-infectious disease whose prevalence has escalated at an alarming rate to complicate the challenge presented by the infectious diseases. Obesity is a non-infectious disease and mostly associated with lifestyle. The dynamics associated with obesity is that it cut across ages. Childhood obesity is now one of the leading health challenges in the United States and other developed countries.

About one in three American children and teens are obese or overweight. Four or so decade ago, the problem was three times less than the present. This shed insights on the role of changing lifestyles when the two eras are compared. President Obama termed childhood obesity as one of the most crucial health issues that the United States is facing. They add that since the 1980 Childhood obesity rates have tripled.


The major reason that has contributed to high rates of childhood obesity

The primary reason that has contributed to high rates of childhood obesity is energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended. Children are taking more calories than the net removal hence accumulation in the body. This behavior is aggravated by them increasingly taking highly processed fast foods with high calories and the sedentary lifestyle, and lack of exercise do not allow the excess calories to be expended. Childhood obesity is complex and not only a health challenge but also has economic and social implications.

Tackling obesity should move beyond health care to the societal matrix. Health reform laws should also assist to address the problem; the problem should not be addressed unilaterally. According to them ÔÇťobesity needs to be addressed as both sociological and physiological issue. Obese children are likely to develop cardiovascular diseases and diabetes and be admitted to hospital. Further, they are likely to be diagnosed with a mental health problem and bone disorders. Obese children are also likely to become obese adults, exacerbating the problem. The economic implication of the problem is reflected in the costs incurred in the treatment of co-morbidities and hospitalization. The national economy would be affected consequently through the delivery of therapy and medical covers.

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