ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Patrick Kiley: the Irish Convict

Updated on August 3, 2018
ashroc profile image

A librarian, family historian and artist, Jen loves to travel and take photographs

Sydney. Hyde Park Barracks built 1817 to 1819. Ex convict Francis Greenway was the architect. Georgian in style. It housed convicts waiting to be assigned to work gangs. The clock is the oldest in Australia.
Sydney. Hyde Park Barracks built 1817 to 1819. Ex convict Francis Greenway was the architect. Georgian in style. It housed convicts waiting to be assigned to work gangs. The clock is the oldest in Australia. | Source

Patrick Kiley

Patrick Kiley was born in Ireland in approx 1799. His father was Sheamus and his mother was Catherine.

Patrick was tried for larceny in the county of Tipperary in 1819 and received the sentence of 7 years transportation to Australia.

On the shipping list, Patrick is described as a labourer, 5 foot 6 inches tall with a pale complexion, black hair and blue eyes.

The Minerva

Patrick was transported on the ship Minerva, which sailed from Cork on the 26th August 1819.

They would have sailed from County Cork's port, Cobh (pronouned Cove).

The Minerva arrived in Sydney on the 17th December 1819. Around 170 male convicts were on board and one convict died on the voyage. This was the second voyage for the Minerva to Australia as a convict ship, she sailed by direct route which took 113 days.

The master of the ship was Captain John Bell. The surgeon was Superintendant Charles Queade. Lieutenant Harrison of the 45th Regiment was in charge of the soldiers on board the ship.

The Minerva was built in Lancaster in the year 1804 and weighed 530 tonnes.

The plaque refers to the 1798 upsrising, but many more Irishmen and women left the shores of Ireland from Cob since that date. and indeed"... they subsequently influenced the development of the democratic and egalitarian ethos of the Australian nation".

Convict assignment

Captain Bunker of Argyle is given as Patrick's employer in the 1822 muster records.

Captain Eber Bunker, a mariner and master of a convict ship, the William and Ann, in the third fleet, was an important man in the colony.

He was granted land at Liverpool, which he named Collingwood. Captain Bunker lived at Collingwood until 1823 raising cattle.

Many convicts ended up working on his house and land.

The house, having served many purposes since its construction. including a golf clubhouse, is now a heritage listed site.

Eber Bunker c1810
Eber Bunker c1810 | Source

Life as a free man

On the 6th April 1826 Patrick received his certificate of freedom. A Certificate of Freedom was a document stating that a convict's sentence had been served and was usually given to convicts with a 7, 10 or 14 year sentence

After his sentance, Patrick lived at Bongarry, Goulburn Plains and according to the 1828 census he owned 75 head of cattle.

In 1833 Patrick married Judith Moriarty (of the ship Woodman) at Carryyone (Kuriong station) 200 miles from Sydney, in the parish of Sydney, St Mary's. This information comes from the priest's journal. It is possible that the actual name of the station was Kuriong. Kuriong Run is located near Binalong, NSW

Patrick and Judith settled at Coolac, NSW. In 1839, Patrick's younger brother William and his wife Margaret came out to Australia and joined the Kiley's at Coolac. Patrick and Judith were godparents to William's second son named Patrick.

In 1848 Patrick claimed a lease to Benangaroo Run (near Junee).

I am unsure as to what happened after that to Patrick and Judith as they seem to disappear from the records. I am unable to find any records of their children, if they had them, or when they died. It is possible that their names were recorded with variations of the spelling for Kiley, I have found records which pertain to Patrick with the spelling of Keely, Keily and even Hurley.

Where is Coolac?

Coolac, new south wales:
Coolac NSW 2722, Australia

get directions

The Kiley family and Banjo Patterson

Patrick's nephew, also called Patrick, was said to be a mate of famous Australian bush poet Andrew Barton Patterson, nicknamed Banjo. Banjo Patterson is believed to have spent some time on Red Hill Station, owned by William Kiley and sons and to have used it as the model for his poem "On Kiley's run". Banjo had many roles in his life, not only a poet, he was a solicitor, journalist, soldier and war correspondent.

Under the shadow of Kiley's hill by Banjo Paterson

In the family it is said that this poem was written with Patrick Kiley in mind

Under the Shadow of Kiley's Hill

This is the place where they all were bred;

Some of the rafters are standing still;

Now they are scattered and lost and dead,

Every one from the old nest fled,

Out of the shadow of Kiley's Hill.

Better it is that they ne'er came back --

Changes and chances are quickly rung;

Now the old homestead is gone to rack,

Green is the grass on the well-worn track

Down by the gate where the roses clung.

Gone is the garden they kept with care;

Left to decay at its own sweet will,

Fruit trees and flower-beds eaten bare,

Cattle and sheep where the roses were,

Under the shadow of Kiley's Hill.

Where are the children that strove and grew

In the old homestead in days gone by?

One is away on the far Barcoo

Watching his cattle the long year through,

Watching them starve in the droughts and die.

One, in the town where all cares are rife,

Weary with troubles that cramp and kill,

Fain would be done with the restless strife,

Fain would go back to the old bush life,

Back to the shadow of Kiley's Hill.

One is away on the roving quest,

Seeking his share of the golden spoil;

Out in the wastes of the trackless west,

Wandering ever he gives the best

Of his years and strength to the hopeless toil.

What of the parents? That unkempt mound

Shows where they slumber united still;

Rough is their grave, but they sleep as sound

Out on the range as in holy ground,

Under the shadow of Kiley's Hill.

A B Banjo Paterson

"Twelve thousand eight hundred acres [estimated area]. Estimated grazing capabilities, five hundred cattle. Bounded on the west by a range of mountains running from tho Murrumbidgee River towards the Port Phillip road, which divides it from Mr. O'Brien's run; east by the main range running into the river, about two miles east of Kiley's hut, which divides it from Mr. Flood's run; south, the Murrumbidgee River; north by the ranges between the river and Port Phillip road."

— the Sydney Morning Herald Tuesday 3 October 1848

Convict Poll

Do you have an ancestor who was transported to Australia as a convict?

See results

The Irish in Australia

To be Irish, Catholic and a Convict! "Irishness" is a big part of the Australian psyche...

This video also shows footage of Tipperary, where Patrick and his family originated from in Ireland.

Do you have some information on an Australian convict that you would like to share?

© 2014 Jen Wood

Reader Infomation on convicts in Australia

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)