Photographer ~ Adolph de Meyer - Watson
Discovering a Meyer family member...
My discovery of a Meyer family member...and how the story came together, that he was my first cousin twice removed.
The story begins in 2013 with discoveries that had been rewarding. My new found friend in Germany that supplied me with information about my von Dietel family for my genealogy, graciously helped me put my family Chart together...these particular finds led me to a new way of searching.
When I came across this man named Adolph de Meyer on a Wikipedia page, I noticed his mother was named Adele Watson and his father Adolph Meyer, it sparked my interest since these names were in my genealogy chart..
The name Meyer is one of the most common names in Germany and a very hard name to pin down for your family history search. (Meyer is like searching for a Smith)
I have mentioned in my other family stories, that I've done genealogy search for many years. I can't say it's been easy, but having a computer for years and the contacts through the internet has helped a great deal...like the example of an interesting discovery that I'm about to share with you here...you must have facts...
Let's begin with the name ~ Meyer
Origin and Meaning of the name
This is just one version of the name:
Northern Germany uses more often the names Meier and Meyer...and in Southern Germany there are more Mair and Mayer. The associated word meiger which means higher or superior comes from the middle High Germans. This word was often used for the stewards of landholders as well for great farmers or leaseholders...nowadays a Meier is a Dairy farmer.
Another Find - My father photographed by de Meyer
Looking through this Auction site - Invaluable.com, I came across a photo by Adolphe de Meyer that resembled my father, there also were several other photographs, but this one very much resembled my father. It was not identified by name, only as "a portrait of a young man" I compared the image to some photos of dad when he was a more mature man. I then put these images together for comparison...and indeed came out to be my father as a young man (see below).
I was thrilled even though my decision not to bid $1200 - $2000 for the 7 images. This Auction Lot of photographs happened to be from a private party.
I just wonder how many family photos were taken...I read most were destroyed....
Adolphe Edouard Sigismond Meyer
This is his REAL birth name
Let's go back and look at some of the information through Wikipedia ~ Adolph Meyer. He was born in Paris Sept.1, 1868, reared and educated in Paris and Dresden. Became a skilled photographer while in his teens, befriending and photographing famed master artists such as....Monet, Rodin and Bernhardt. As an adult at age 21, he made a move to England, during this time he also maintained studios in London and in Dresden. His mother Adele Watson-Meyer went with him, connecting him to her social circle in London. At this time he called himself Adolph Meyer-Watson, and at least a half a dozen other names for various reasons.
When WWI began in Germany, he came to America establishing his Fashion Photography with Vogue, Vanity Fair and Harper's Bazaar, living in New York and Manhattan. After a few years he returned to Germany. Then in 1938 when World War II was beginning, he returned to the United States.
Unfortunately for him the style of photography representing the Fashion industry had changed and his style was no longer wanted. He then moved to Beverly Hills and this is where he died from a coronary thrombosis. He was buried at Forest Lawn...supposedly penniless without recognition.
But who is he?
A while back I came across this talented, ostentatious story telling photographer, named Adolph de Meyer, who had lived in Paris and studied in Dresden. His mother was Adele Watson and his father Adolph Meyer... Interesting similarities... my great grandmother's name was Adele Watson and my great granduncle's name Adolph Meyer...but it didn't add up. I had to remember in those days everyone named a child after a relative and it just expanded to the same names over and over, very confusing. Same places and names, but if he were related, Adele's husband my great grandfather, should have been Ludwig Karl Meyer...it just didn't add up....still, what about these names...Meyer and Watson? Not a likely combination in Germany. Could Adolph de Meyer really be related to our Meyer family, or just a coincidence.
Interesting reading I thought...similarities to my father who was Baron Alexander von Meyer, a photographer who took photos of famous people in his circle of friends. Dad was born in Dresden and also lived in Paris and London, having two Photo studios, one in Berlin the other in Dresden. But then they are just similarities, no facts...especially of de Meyer who was eccentric changing his name constantly. Maybe just wanting to connect to Adele his mother made me wishful.
I remember when we lived in San Francisco, my mother said there was an artist/photographer named von Meyer who lived in the city. She knew that one of my fathers relatives, a cousin or nephew had moved to America...although she couldn't recall his first name...as it turns out, it was Adolph de Meyer.
While researching de Meyer, I found a German Wiki link about my philanthropist g.g.Grandfather Johann Meyer. So it all started to come together ... see here at this German link http://www.stadtwikidd.de/wiki/Johann_Meyer
Watson ~ Meyer ~ the names ~ the connection
The above document was sent to me to try and make sense of the similarities. Yes, I found my family connection with Adolph de Meyer. As I mentioned before, his mother Adelé Watson (my great Grandmother) was married to #1 husband Ludwig Karl Meyer my great Grandfather...after his death in 1860 she married his younger brother #2 Adolph Louis Meyer who was Adolphe de Meyer's actual father...he died four weeks before the birth of their child Adolphe.
From the shown birth record of the 16th district in Paris from 1868 one can see that the couple Adolphe Louis and Adele lived in the most affluent and exclusive part of Paris...and Yes, their son was named Adolphe Edouard Sigismond Meyer born 1868 and indeed born in Paris, (this had always been speculation)
They moved back to Dresden, this might have been due to the possible loss of his family's fortune or the death of his father Johann Meyer in 1878.
There also was a second child, a sister named Sophia, she married Lieutenant Commander Ritter and a second marriage to a Hannisch/Hamsch.
I discovered that Adolph de Meyer also had lived in Dresden, just a few houses down from my g.g.grandfather's Villa Meyer...and it came to mind that Adolph's second middle name Sigismond was his Uncle's name Sigismund Müller married to his father's sister Auguste née Meyer and most likely his godparents...that's more research and another story, I'm sure!
In the meantime...
Information about the other family with the connection
I received a contact from Barbara Vogt who was doing research for an article on a family members ownership of a Park and Villa von Dietel. This once was owned by Adolph de Meyers mother Adele Watson who willed this property to their daughter Auguste Müller and she willed it to her daughter Adele von Dietel. Ms.Vogt gave me wonderful information on de Meyer, including the French registration of his birth and with translated information...How very kind and generous of her..I will forever be grateful her.
Then earlier this year a nice gentleman in Germany also contacted me through one of my family pages. He actually knew one of my lost family members and had access to family items, and again this ties in with Adele... Another appreciated grateful deed...
Reading through the new sent information, I recognized the familiar name Adolf de Meyer including the name of his wife Olga Caracciolo. What a coincidence that this information matched the famed photographers information....so this was the beginning of the facts in the family connection.
A breakdown of the confusion over his Mother Adele...
And there it is!
Adolph de Meyer my first cousin twice removed...whatever that means!
Hopefully the chart will help to understand!
Section from my own Meyer Ahnentafel
Interesting articles written ~
Hmmm ~ fact or fiction?
An internet article quoted Adolph mentioning his paternal grandfather Johann Meyer one of Dresden's wealthiest businessmen and philanthropists at that time. Adolphe also claimed "that Johann provided him both with the title and a large bank account. Other articles on the internet assumed he was born de Meyer...NO, he actually received his title as an adult and not when he married Olga, which was another assumption. Adolphe's claim that he became a Baron when the Prince of Wales asked his cousin the King of Saxony to get him a title was just half the truth. I'm sure this might have been a connection to help speed up the award of title. This was for the purpose that Adolphe and his wife Olga Caracciola could attend King Edward's Coronation at Westminster Abbey (Olga was Edward's godchild, and possibly being the illegitimate daughter of King Edward VII)
As far as getting the title from his grandfather Johann, yes it qualified him. My grandfather Ludwig Adolph von Meyer and Adolphe de Meyer received titles...
It was a known fact that Adolph *exaggerated about himself and family. However, he was right about the part of his grandfather Johann Meyer being wealthy and that Johann's deeds allowed him to receive a title....so why all the confusing articles?
* You know when you start with one exaggeration, it leads to others because you have to make sense of them...they soon catch up and no one is believing anything you say anymore.
Information is also listed on my German Ahnentafel about Johann Meyer's twice knighted Ritter (?) and Albrecht Order, as well as being an "Ehrenburger" for the city of Dresden...I'm working on the information of the "Order of the Rue Crown".
The titles were earned through the philanthropic deeds by Johann Meyer. The title was also passed down to my father Alexander von Meyer and his brother.
I found the Peerage book that showed the Proof of my Grandfather Ludwig Carl von Meyer and his nephew Adolphe de Meyer conferred...Please see below..."Proof of the title"
Like I mentioned before, when Adolphe lived in London he called himself Adolph Meyer-Watson, adding his mothers maiden name. His social connections were through his widowed mother Adele, her aristocratic friends introduced him into the highest levels of London society. She was the daughter of William Watson the supposedly the former British Consul to Moscow and once the owner of the second largest Beer-Wine producing Co. in Moscow.
The conferring of Title!
The truth be told with proof!
Proof of the title of Baron and how it was conferred
Although I had seen portions of this in other books, this one here is in English and showed enough of the total information...yes, it informs us in the documentation that Ludwig Adolph Meyer and his nephew Adolphe Meyer ~ Watson received their titles at the same time in 1897 through the name of Johann Meyer and all that he did for the city of Dresden with his Philanthropy...
So my guess was right... but a guess is a guess...proof is the important part, and it's a relief to finally know what is what and who is who...although I still see I make mistakes with the names of the Adolph's and Ludwig's.
Vogue’s First Staff Photographer
Saluting Baron Adolph de Meyer
Here it is 2016... and I still read the same old inaccuracies that has been written about him over and over. This article Saluting Baron Adolph de Meyer, Vogue’s First Staff Photographer is written by Lynn Yaeger on 9-1-2015 and I'm glad he is remembered as the first official Vogue photographer. However I'm sure the information was not researched for updates on de Meyer. Because of his oddity, I feel that he deserves the truth, even though he brought inconsistency to himself by telling stories...his talent is what speaks for itself up to this day.
A Singular Elegance : The Photographs of Baron Adolph de Meyer.....
I purchased this book online and found it to be very interesting...I learned more about my distant cousin Adolphe de Meyer, things I didn't know before...his photos are a very unique style for that time period, and seems to becoming back in style by new photographers...what is old, is new.
Hardcover – October 1, 1994
This was my second book purchase, and an eye opener for me with all the discrepancies written about Adolph de Meyer....Hardcover – 1976
I wrote a bit here on this page about some of the assumptions that are untrue...this with what I've learned through searches. I now have a better understanding about him.
My few Personal Favorites de Meyer photos...I love the lightingClick thumbnail to view full-size
Olga Caracciola deMeyer
His Marriage to Olga Caracciolo
Adolphe married an Italian noblewoman, a divorcee Donna Olga Caracciolo for her money and convenience, he was homosexual and she was bisexual or lesbian...
They married in the Christian 'Holy Trinity Church' Sloane Square, London England 1899.
Because of the name Meyer, the assumption seemed to always describe his father as German Jewish. My grandfather and his whole family were devote Christians...I just recently was sent information that my gg grandfather Johann Meyer was born to Jewisch parents, however he must have converted to Christianity when he married, as they were married in a Christian church in Russia.
When Adolph's wife Olga died in 1930 of a heart attack while being in an Austrian detoxification clinic, he moved to Beverly Hills and continued his romantic involvement with his German chauffeur Ernest Frohlich, who he later adopted as his son, giving him his name and title (actually the title was meaningless)
Other types of photography by him - Still Life and LandscapeClick thumbnail to view full-size
Even though Adolphe de Meyer's family connection was not a complete surprise, or the fact he was an odd duck, I'm still proud to be related because of his artistic nature...
I'm working on other relatives that where art related or collectors. Since I'm an artist myself, I find it interesting that both sides of my Paternal and Maternal have deep rooted art collecting and artist interest....more stories to come from that!
Family History Importance
Your family of the past is important...it is who "You" are in your DNA.
- Wikipedia Commons
most images used here are through Wikipedia Commons
One never knows what you'll find...
Have you found any surprises in your Family History research?
Love letter from Adolph de Meyer ~ interesting concept
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