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Pregnant Mother and her Care

Updated on October 26, 2014
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Pregnancy Period

The period of pregnancy is the most memorable and precious to every woman. The experience gives her the feeling of completeness and a sense of responsibility. It is the phase of life when she gets all the attention and care of those around her and at times strangers show concern for her and give all sorts of advises. With the love and care of near and dear ones she also needs proper guidance and expert observation of a gynecologist. Apart from everything, the pregnant mother and the people around her should be conversant with the dos and don’ts of the pregnancy period. There are some aspects of health care which should be strictly observed by the expecting mother. Throughout the pregnancy the baby and the mother will be happier and healthier if the later follows some health care regime.

Why a Pregnant Lady Must Have fruits

Fruits are important for a healthy pregnancy. Oranges and orange juice are rich in Folic Acid which is essential for a pregnant mother. It prevents defects in neural tube defects. Next, is vitamin C which helps the body in absorbing iron and strengthens muscles and blood vessels. It also strengthens bones and cartilage. As it is water soluble the body cannot store it for a long time. Thus, daily dose of it is advisable. Oranges, apricots, peaches, dates, strawberries and raisins are full of vitamin C. Vitamin A is important for the growth of the baby's bones and teeth. Apricot, mango, peaches and papaya are the sources of this vitamin.

Hydrating the Body During Pregnancy

Most importantly, she must keep herself hydrated. Consumption of plenty of water is the best way to serve the purpose. However, in some cases the expectant may feel nauseated by taking water. In such situation a pinch of sugar and salt should be added to the water. This practice not only helps in keeping the body hydrated but also helps in getting rid of the nausea.

Protein Intake

It is important to make sure that she is getting plenty of protein as it is an important building block of our cells and now she needs 70 gram a day for herself and the baby. Whole grain breads and dairy products are rich sources of protein. For vegans grains and legumes are the best replacement of meat and fish.

Importance of Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate is the energy booster which helps the expecting mother to get rid of the fatigue. It is the main source of energy as it gets easily broken down into glucose and goes into the cells and to the fetus. Bread, rice, pasta are the meals which contain carbohydrate. Moreover, wholegrain carbohydrates are most advisable as they have plenty of fiber.

Meat and Fish for a Would-be-mother

Meat, fish, eggs, nuts and pulses are unavoidable. Fish is packed with vitamin D, minerals and omega-3fatty acids which help in the growth of the baby’s nervous system. However, Meat, fish and egg should be fully cooked otherwise there is high risk of infection.

Dairy Products for the Expecting Mother

The expecting mother also needs dairy products which is a must eat as they are the source of calcium, protein, vitamin D and phosphorous. These nutrients will help the baby’s growth as regard bones, teeth, muscles, heart and nerves. To get 1000 milligrams of calcium she needs at least three servings of foods that are rich in calcium content. Soft cheeses ought to be avoided as they can contain infectious bacteria.

Caffeine and Alcohol

The intake of drinks which contain caffeine should be minimized and consumption of alcohol is a big no for a would-be-mother as it increase the risk of miscarriage and still birth. Even the moderate amount of daily consumption of alcohol or alcoholic drinks may cause a low birth weight and later in life the baby may have problems in learning, speech and attention span.

Taking Rest and Exercises

Taking rest during the pregnancy is important as the baby grows and develops while the mother sleeps. Since all systems are channelized towards the growth of the fetus, the expecting mother has low energy level. Thus, she must take as much rest as she can specially during the initial months.

Whether a pregnant mother should exercise or not is always a subject of speculation. However, it is always suggested to consult a doctor before starting any exercise during this period. Experts say walking is the best exercise for a pregnant woman. However, one should avoid exercising in a hot humid environment. Apart from it, swimming and yoga are good exercises for her. As a result of the changes occurring in the body and the development of the fetus, the first trimesters can be very exhaustive for the mum to be. Thus, she needs to listen to her body and must take plenty of rest. A brisk walk once or twice a week is more than enough to keep herself fit during her first trimester. After the first trimester is over the would-be-mother should do without the exercises which needs lying on back, as that can hinder the blood flow to the fetus.

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